Proverbs 23:31
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Do not look at wine when it is red, when it sparkles in the cup and goes down smoothly.

King James Bible
Look not thou upon the wine when it is red, when it giveth his colour in the cup, when it moveth itself aright.

American Standard Version
Look not thou upon the wine when it is red, When it sparkleth in the cup, When it goeth down smoothly:

Douay-Rheims Bible
Look not upon the wine when it is yellow, when the colour thereof shineth in the glass: it goeth in pleasantly,

English Revised Version
Look not thou upon the wine when it is red, when it giveth its colour in the cup, when it goeth down smoothly.

Webster's Bible Translation
Look not thou upon the wine when it is red, when it giveth its color in the cup, when it moveth itself aright.

Proverbs 23:31 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The parainesis begins anew, and the division is open to question. Proverbs 23:22-24 can of themselves be independent distichs; but this is not the case with Proverbs 23:25, which, in the resumption of the address and in expression, leans back on Proverbs 23:22. The author of this appendix may have met with Proverbs 23:23 and Proverbs 23:24 (although here also his style, as conformed to that of Proverbs 1:9, is noticeable, cf. 23b with Proverbs 1:2), but Proverbs 23:22 and Proverbs 23:25 are the form which he has given to them.

Thus Proverbs 23:22-25 are a whole: -

22 Hearken to thy father, to him who hath begotten thee,

     And despise not thy mother when she has grown old.

23 Buy the truth, and sell it not,

     Wisdom and discipline and understanding.

24 The father of a righteous man rejoiceth greatly;

     (And) he that is the father of a wise man - he will rejoice.

25 Let thy father and thy mother be glad;

     And her that bare thee exult.

The octastich begins with a call to childlike obedience, for שׁמע ל, to listen to any one, is equivalent to, to obey him, e.g., Psalm 81:9, Psalm 81:14 (cf. "hearken to his voice," Psalm 95:7). זה ילדך is a relative clause (cf. Deuteronomy 32:18, without זה or אשׁר), according to which it is rightly accentuated (cf. on the contrary, Psalm 78:54). 22b, strictly taken, is not to be translated neve contemne cum senuerit matrem tuam (Fleischer), but cum senuerit mater tua, for the logical object to אל־תּבוּז is attracted as subj. of זקנה (Hitzig). There now follows the exhortation comprehending all, and formed after Proverbs 4:7, to buy wisdom, i.e., to shun no expense, no effort, no privation, in order to attain to the possession of wisdom; and not to sell it, i.e., not to place it over against any earthly possession, worldly gain, sensual enjoyment; not to let it be taken away by any intimidation, argued away by false reasoning, or prevailed against by enticements into the way of vice, and not to become unfaithful to it by swimming with the great stream (Exodus 23:2); for truth, אמת, is that which endures and proves itself in all spheres, the moral as well as the intellectual. In 23b, in like manner as Proverbs 1:3; Proverbs 22:4, a threefold object is given to קנה instead of אמת: there are three properties which are peculiar to truth, the three powers which handle it: חכמה is knowledge solid, pressing into the essence of things; מוּסר is moral culture; and בּינה the central faculty of proving and distinguishing (vid., Proverbs 1:3-5). Now Proverbs 23:24 says what consequences are for the parents when the son, according to the exhortation of Proverbs 23:23, makes truth his aim, to which all is subordinated. Because in אמת the ideas of practical and theoretical truth are inter-connected. צדּיק and חכם are also here parallel to one another. The Chethı̂b of 24a is גּול יגוּל, which Schultens finds tenable in view of (Arab.) jal, fut jajûlu (to turn round; Heb. to turn oneself for joy) but the Heb. usus loq. knows elsewhere only גּיל יגיל, as the Kerı̂ corrects. The lxx, misled by the Chethı̂b, translates καλῶς ἐκτρέφει (incorrect ἐκτρυφήσει), i.e., גּדּל יגדּל. In 24b, וישׂמח is of the nature of a pred. of the conclusion (cf. Genesis 22:24; Psalm 115:7), as if the sentence were: has one begotten a wise man, then (cf. Proverbs 17:21) he has joy of him; but the Kerı̂ effaces this Vav apodosis, and assigns it to יולד as Vav copul. - an unnecessary mingling of the syntactically possible, more emphatic expression. This proverbial whole now rounds itself off in Proverbs 23:25 by a reference to Proverbs 23:22 - the Optative here corresponding to the Impr. and Prohib. there: let thy father and thy mother rejoice (lxx εὐφρανέσθω), and let her that bare thee exult (here where it is possible the Optat. form ותגל).

Proverbs 23:31 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Proverbs 6:25 Lust not after her beauty in your heart; neither let her take you with her eyelids.

2 Samuel 11:2 And it came to pass in an evening, that David arose from off his bed, and walked on the roof of the king's house...

Job 33:1 Why, Job, I pray you, hear my speeches, and listen to all my words.

Psalm 119:37 Turn away my eyes from beholding vanity; and quicken you me in your way.

Matthew 5:28-30 But I say to you, That whoever looks on a woman to lust after her has committed adultery with her already in his heart...

Mark 9:47 And if your eye offend you, pluck it out: it is better for you to enter into the kingdom of God with one eye...

1 John 2:16 For all that is in the world, the lust of the flesh, and the lust of the eyes, and the pride of life, is not of the Father...

Cross References
Ephesians 5:18
And do not get drunk with wine, for that is debauchery, but be filled with the Spirit,

Song of Solomon 7:9
and your mouth like the best wine. She It goes down smoothly for my beloved, gliding over lips and teeth.

Jump to Previous
Aright Bright Color Colour Cup Eyes Gaze Glideth Goes Itself Moveth Red Showeth Smoothly Upright Wine
Jump to Next
Aright Bright Color Colour Cup Eyes Gaze Glideth Goes Itself Moveth Red Showeth Smoothly Upright Wine
Links
Proverbs 23:31 NIV
Proverbs 23:31 NLT
Proverbs 23:31 ESV
Proverbs 23:31 NASB
Proverbs 23:31 KJV

Proverbs 23:31 Bible Apps
Proverbs 23:31 Biblia Paralela
Proverbs 23:31 Chinese Bible
Proverbs 23:31 French Bible
Proverbs 23:31 German Bible

Bible Hub

ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
Proverbs 23:30
Top of Page
Top of Page