Proverbs 4:17
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
For they eat the bread of wickedness and drink the wine of violence.

King James Bible
For they eat the bread of wickedness, and drink the wine of violence.

American Standard Version
For they eat the bread of wickedness, And drink the wine of violence.

Douay-Rheims Bible
They eat the bread of wickedness, and drink the wine of iniquity.

English Revised Version
For they eat the bread of wickedness, and drink the wine of violence.

Webster's Bible Translation
For they eat the bread of wickedness, and drink the wine of violence.

Proverbs 4:17 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

There is no reason for the supposition that the warning which his father gave to the poet now passes over into warnings given by the poet himself (Hitzig); the admonition of the father thus far refers only in general to the endeavour after wisdom, and we are led to expect that the good doctrines which the father communicates to the son as a viaticum will be further expanded, and become more and more specific when they take a new departure.

10 Hearken, my son, and receive my sayings,

     So shall the years of life be increased to thee.

11 In the way of wisdom have I taught thee,

     Guided thee in the paths of rectitude.

12 When thou goest, thy step shall not be straitened;

     And if thou runnest, thou shalt not stumble.

Regarding קח (of לקח) of appropriating reception and taking up in succum et sanguinem, vid., Proverbs 1:3; regarding שׁנות חיּים, years not merely of the duration of life, but of the enjoyment of life, Proverbs 3:2; regarding מעגּל (מעגּלה), path (track), Proverbs 2:9; regarding the בּ of הורה, of the department and subject of instruction, Psalm 25:8. The perfects, Proverbs 4:11, are different from נתתּי, 2a: they refer to rules of life given at an earlier period, which are summarily repeated in this address. The way of wisdom is that which leads to wisdom (Job 28:23); the paths of rectitude, such as trace out the way which is in accordance with the rule of the good and the right. If the youth holds to this direction, he will not go on in darkness or uncertainty with anxious footsteps; and if in youthful fervour he flies along his course, he will not stumble on any unforeseen obstacle and fall. יצר is as a metaplastic fut. to צרר or צוּר, to be narrow, to straiten, formed as if from יצר. The Targ. after Aruch,

(Note: R. Nathan ben Jechiel, a.d. 1106, who is usually styled by the Jewish writers בּעל ערוּך, Auctor Aruch, author of a Talmudical Lexicon.)

לא תשנק ארחך, thou shalt not need to bind together (constringere) or to hedge up thy way.

Proverbs 4:17 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Proverbs 9:17 Stolen waters are sweet, and bread eaten in secret is pleasant.

Proverbs 20:17 Bread of deceit is sweet to a man; but afterwards his mouth shall be filled with gravel.

Job 24:5,6 Behold, as wild donkeys in the desert, go they forth to their work; rising betimes for a prey...

Psalm 14:4 Have all the workers of iniquity no knowledge? who eat up my people as they eat bread, and call not on the LORD.

Jeremiah 5:26-28 For among my people are found wicked men: they lay wait, as he that sets snares; they set a trap, they catch men...

Ezekiel 22:25-29 There is a conspiracy of her prophets in the middle thereof, like a roaring lion ravening the prey; they have devoured souls...

Amos 8:4-6 Hear this, O you that swallow up the needy, even to make the poor of the land to fail...

Micah 3:5 Thus said the LORD concerning the prophets that make my people err, that bite with their teeth, and cry, Peace...

Micah 6:12 For the rich men thereof are full of violence, and the inhabitants thereof have spoken lies...

Zephaniah 3:3 Her princes within her are roaring lions; her judges are evening wolves; they gnaw not the bones till the morrow.

Matthew 23:14 Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for you devour widows' houses, and for a pretense make long prayer...

James 5:4,5 Behold, the hire of the laborers who have reaped down your fields, which is of you kept back by fraud, cries...

Cross References
Proverbs 13:2
From the fruit of his mouth a man eats what is good, but the desire of the treacherous is for violence.

Micah 7:3
Their hands are on what is evil, to do it well; the prince and the judge ask for a bribe, and the great man utters the evil desire of his soul; thus they weave it together.

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