Psalm 105:28
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
He sent darkness, and made the land dark; they did not rebel against his words.

King James Bible
He sent darkness, and made it dark; and they rebelled not against his word.

American Standard Version
He sent darkness, and made it dark; And they rebelled not against his words.

Douay-Rheims Bible
He sent darkness, and made it obscure: and grieved not his words.

English Revised Version
He sent darkness, and made it dark; and they rebelled not against his words.

Webster's Bible Translation
He sent darkness, and made it dark; and they rebelled not against his word.

Psalm 105:28 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

"To call up a famine" is also a prose expression in 2 Kings 8:1. To break the staff of bread (i.e., the staff which bread is to man) is a very old metaphor, Leviticus 26:26. That the selling of Joseph was, providentially regarded, a "sending before," he himself says in Genesis 45:5. Psalm 102:24 throws light upon the meaning of ענּה ב. The Kerמ רגלו is just as much without any occasion to justify it as עינו in Ecclesiastes 4:8 (for עיניו). The statement that iron came upon his soul is intended to say that he had to endure in iron fetters sufferings that threatened his life. Most expositors take בּרזל as equivalent to בּבּרזל, but Hitzig rightly takes נפשׁו as an object, following the Targum; for ברזל as a name of an iron fetter

(Note: Also in ancient Arabic firzil (after the Aramaic פרזלא) directly signifies an iron fetter (and the large smith's shears for cutting the iron), whence the verb. denom. Arab. farzala, c. acc. pers., to put any one into iron chains. Iron is called בּרזל from בּרז, to pierce, like the Arabic ḥdı̂d, as being the material of which pointed tools are made.)

can change its gender, as do, e.g., צפון as a name of the north wind, and כבוד as a name of the soul. The imprisonment (so harsh at the commencement) lasted over ten years, until at last Joseph's word cam to pass, viz., the word concerning this exaltation which had been revealed to him in dreams (Genesis 42:9). According to Psalm 107:20, דברו appears to be the word of Jahve, but then one would expect from Psalm 105:19 a more parallel turn of expression. What is meant is Joseph's open-hearted word concerning his visions, and אמרת ה is the revelation of God conveying His promises, which came to him in the same form, which had to try, to prove, and to purify him (צרף as in Psalm 17:3, and frequently), inasmuch as he was not to be raised to honour without having in a state of deep abasement proved a faithfulness that wavered not, and a confidence that knew no despair. The divine "word" is conceived of as a living effectual power, as in Psalm 119:50. The representation of the exaltation begins, according to Genesis 41:14, with שׁלח־מלך

(Note: Here שׁלח is united by Makkeph with the following word, to which it hurries on, whereas in Psalm 105:28 it has its own accent, a circumstance to which the Masora has directed attention in the apophthegm: שׁלוחי דמלכא זריזין שׁלוחי דחשׁוכא מתינין (the emissaries of the king are in haste, those of darkness are tardy); vid., Baer, Thorath Emeth, p. 22.)

and follows Genesis 41:39-41, Genesis 41:44, very closely as to the rest, according to which בּנפשׁו is a collateral definition to לאסּר (with an orthophonic Dag.) in the sense of בּרצונו: by his soul, i.e., by virtue of his will (vid., Psychology, S. 202; tr. p. 239). In consequence of this exaltation of Joseph, Jacob-Israel came then into Egypt, and sojourned there as in a protecting house of shelter (concerning גּוּר, vid., supra, p. 414). Egypt is called (Psalm 105:23, Psalm 105:27) the land of Chaam, as in Psalm 78:51; according to Plutarch, in the vernacular the black land, from the dark ashy grey colouring which the deposited mud of the Nile gives to the ground. There Israel became a powerful, numerous people (Exodus 1:7; Deuteronomy 26:5), greater than their oppressors.

Psalm 105:28 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

sent

Exodus 10:21-23 And the LORD said to Moses, Stretch out your hand toward heaven, that there may be darkness over the land of Egypt...

Joel 2:2,31 A day of darkness and of gloominess, a day of clouds and of thick darkness, as the morning spread on the mountains...

Luke 23:44,45 And it was about the sixth hour, and there was a darkness over all the earth until the ninth hour...

2 Peter 2:4,17 For if God spared not the angels that sinned, but cast them down to hell, and delivered them into chains of darkness...

rebelled

Psalm 99:7 He spoke to them in the cloudy pillar: they kept his testimonies, and the ordinance that he gave them.

Ezekiel 2:4-8 For they are impudent children and stiff hearted. I do send you to them; and you shall say to them, Thus said the Lord GOD...

Cross References
Exodus 10:21
Then the LORD said to Moses, "Stretch out your hand toward heaven, that there may be darkness over the land of Egypt, a darkness to be felt."

Exodus 10:22
So Moses stretched out his hand toward heaven, and there was pitch darkness in all the land of Egypt three days.

Psalm 99:7
In the pillar of the cloud he spoke to them; they kept his testimonies and the statute that he gave them.

Isaiah 45:7
I form light and create darkness; I make well-being and create calamity; I am the LORD, who does all these things.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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