Psalm 105:28
New International Version
He sent darkness and made the land dark-- for had they not rebelled against his words?

New Living Translation
The LORD blanketed Egypt in darkness, for they had defied his commands to let his people go.

English Standard Version
He sent darkness, and made the land dark; they did not rebel against his words.

Berean Study Bible
He sent darkness, and it became dark—yet they defied His words.

New American Standard Bible
He sent darkness and made it dark; And they did not rebel against His words.

New King James Version
He sent darkness, and made it dark; And they did not rebel against His word.

King James Bible
He sent darkness, and made it dark; and they rebelled not against his word.

Christian Standard Bible
He sent darkness, and it became dark--for did they not defy his commands?

Contemporary English Version
Moses and Aaron obeyed God, and he sent darkness to cover Egypt.

Good News Translation
God sent darkness on the country, but the Egyptians did not obey his command.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
He sent darkness, and it became dark-- for did they not defy His commands?

International Standard Version
He sent darkness, and it became dark. Did they not rebel against his words?

NET Bible
He made it dark; they did not disobey his orders.

New Heart English Bible
He sent darkness, and made it dark. They did not rebel against his words.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
He sent darkness and it became dark and they bitterly provoked his Word.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
He sent darkness and made [their land] dark. They did not rebel against his orders.

JPS Tanakh 1917
He sent darkness, and it was dark; And they rebelled not against His word.

New American Standard 1977
He sent darkness and made it dark; And they did not rebel against His words.

Jubilee Bible 2000
He sent darkness and made it dark, and they did not rebel against his word.

King James 2000 Bible
He sent darkness, and made it dark; and they rebelled not against his word.

American King James Version
He sent darkness, and made it dark; and they rebelled not against his word.

American Standard Version
He sent darkness, and made it dark; And they rebelled not against his words.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
He sent forth darkness, and made it dark; yet they rebelled against his words.

Douay-Rheims Bible
He sent darkness, and made it obscure: and grieved not his words.

Darby Bible Translation
He sent darkness, and made it dark; and they rebelled not against his word.

English Revised Version
He sent darkness, and made it dark; and they rebelled not against his words.

Webster's Bible Translation
He sent darkness, and made it dark; and they rebelled not against his word.

World English Bible
He sent darkness, and made it dark. They didn't rebel against his words.

Young's Literal Translation
He hath sent darkness, and it is dark, And they have not provoked His word.
Study Bible
Tell of His Wonders
27They performed His miraculous signs among them, and wonders in the land of Ham. 28He sent darkness, and it became dark— for had they not defied His words? 29He turned their waters to blood and caused their fish to die.…
Cross References
Exodus 10:21
Then the LORD said to Moses, "Stretch out your hand toward heaven, so that darkness will spread over the land of Egypt--a palpable darkness."

Exodus 10:22
So Moses stretched out his hand toward heaven, and total darkness covered all the land of Egypt for three days.

Psalm 99:7
He spoke to them in a pillar of cloud; they kept His decrees and the statutes He gave them.

Isaiah 45:7
I form light and create darkness; I bring prosperity and create calamity. I, the LORD, do all these things.

Treasury of Scripture

He sent darkness, and made it dark; and they rebelled not against his word.

sent

Exodus 10:21-23
And the LORD said unto Moses, Stretch out thine hand toward heaven, that there may be darkness over the land of Egypt, even darkness which may be felt…

Joel 2:2,31
A day of darkness and of gloominess, a day of clouds and of thick darkness, as the morning spread upon the mountains: a great people and a strong; there hath not been ever the like, neither shall be any more after it, even to the years of many generations…

Luke 23:44,45
And it was about the sixth hour, and there was a darkness over all the earth until the ninth hour…

rebelled

Psalm 99:7
He spake unto them in the cloudy pillar: they kept his testimonies, and the ordinance that he gave them.

Ezekiel 2:4-8
For they are impudent children and stiffhearted. I do send thee unto them; and thou shalt say unto them, Thus saith the Lord GOD…







Lexicon
He sent
שָׁ֣לַֽח (šā·laḥ)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7971: To send away, for, out

darkness,
חֹ֭שֶׁךְ (ḥō·šeḵ)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2822: The dark, darkness, misery, destruction, death, ignorance, sorrow, wickedness

and it became dark—
וַיַּחְשִׁ֑ךְ (way·yaḥ·šiḵ)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Hifil - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2821: To be dark, to darken

for had they not
וְלֹֽא־ (wə·lō-)
Conjunctive waw | Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's Hebrew 3808: Not, no

defied
מָ֝ר֗וּ (mā·rū)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person common plural
Strong's Hebrew 4784: To be contentious or rebellious

His words?
דְּבָרֽוֹ׃ (də·ḇā·rōw)
Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1697: A word, a matter, thing, a cause
(28) Darkness.--The enumeration of the plagues omits the fifth and sixth, and begins with the ninth, and appends a clause which, from the first, has troubled translators. Of whom is it said, "They rebelled not against his words"? Of the Egyptians it is not true; and to refer the words to Moses and Aaron, in contrast with their resistance to the Divine command at Massah and Meribah, is feeble. The LXX. and the Syriac solved the difficulty by rejecting the negative. (Comp. the Prayer Book Version.)

The simplest explanation is to take the verb as imperfect subjunctive: "He sent darkness, and made it dark, that they might not rebel against his word."

But this fails to supply a reason for the position in the list of the ninth plague, and the suggested emendation of Mr. Burgess is so satisfactory in this respect, that it almost by itself carries conviction with it. By a very slight change, he obtains: "He sent darkness, and darkened them, that they might not discern his tokens;" taking deber in the same sense that it bears in Psalm 105:27.

Thus the plague of darkness is, by a slight device of the poet, made to symbolise the moral blindness displayed by the Egyptians throughout.

Verse 28. - He sent darkness, and made it dark (see Exodus 10:21-23). And they rebelled not against his word. If the "not" is to stand in this passage, it must be referred to Moses and Aaron. Professor Cheyne, however, following the Septuagint and Peshito versions, boldly cancels the "not." 105:24-45 As the believer commonly thrives best in his soul when under the cross; so the church also flourishes most in true holiness, and increases in number, while under persecution. Yet instruments shall be raised up for their deliverance, and plagues may be expected by persecutors. And see the special care God took of his people in the wilderness. All the benefits bestowed on Israel as a nation, were shadows of spiritual blessings with which we are blessed in Christ Jesus. Having redeemed us with his blood, restored our souls to holiness, and set us at liberty from Satan's bondage, he guides and guards us all the way. He satisfies our souls with the bread of heaven, and the water of life from the Rock of salvation, and will bring us safely to heaven. He redeems his servants from all iniquity, and purifies them unto himself, to be a peculiar people, zealous of good works.
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