Psalm 106:26
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Therefore he raised his hand and swore to them that he would make them fall in the wilderness,

King James Bible
Therefore he lifted up his hand against them, to overthrow them in the wilderness:

American Standard Version
Therefore he sware unto them, That he would overthrow them in the wilderness,

Douay-Rheims Bible
And he lifted up his hand over them: to overthrow them in the desert;

English Revised Version
Therefore he lifted up his hand unto them, that he would overthrow them in the wilderness:

Webster's Bible Translation
Therefore he lifted up his hand against them, to overthrow them in the wilderness:

Psalm 106:26 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The first of the principal sins on the other side of the Red Sea was the unthankful, impatient, unbelieving murmuring about their meat and drink, Psalm 106:13-15. For what Psalm 106:13 places foremost was the root of the whole evil, that, falling away from faith in God's promise, they forgot the works of God which had been wrought in confirmation of it, and did not wait for the carrying out of His counsel. The poet has before his eye the murmuring for water on the third day after the miraculous deliverance (Exodus 15:22-24) and in Rephidim (Exodus 17:2). Then the murmuring for flesh in the first and second years of the exodus which was followed by the sending of the quails (Exodus 16 and Numbers 11), together with the wrathful judgment by which the murmuring for the second time was punished (Kibrôth ha-Ta'avah, Numbers 11:33-35). This dispensation of wrath the poet calls רזון (lxx, Vulgate, and Syriac erroneously πλησμονήν, perhaps מזון, nourishment), inasmuch as he interprets Numbers 11:33-35 of a wasting disease, which swept away the people in consequence of eating inordinately of the flesh, and in the expression (cf. Psalm 78:31) he closely follows Isaiah 10:16. The "counsel" of God for which they would not wait, is His plan with respect to the time and manner of the help. חכּה, root Arab. ḥk, a weaker power of Arab. ḥq, whence also Arab. ḥkl, p. 111, ḥkm, p. 49 note 1, signifies prop. to make firm, e.g., a knot (cf. on Psalm 33:20), and starting from this (without the intervention of the metaphor moras nectere, as Schultens thinks) is transferred to a firm bent of mind, and the tension of long expectation. The epigrammatic expression ויּתאוּוּ תאוה (plural of ויתאו, Isaiah 45:12, for which codices, as also in Proverbs 23:3, Proverbs 23:6; Proverbs 24:1, the Complutensian, Venetian 1521, Elias Levita, and Baer have ויתאו without the tonic lengthening) is taken from Numbers 11:4.

The second principal sin was the insurrection against their superiors, Psalm 106:16-18. The poet has Numbers 16:1 in his eye. The rebellious ones were swallowed up by the earth, and their two hundred and fifty noble, non-Levite partisans consumed by fire. The fact that the poet does not mention Korah among those who were swallowed up is in perfect harmony with Numbers 16:25., Deuteronomy 11:6; cf. however Numbers 26:10. The elliptical תפתּה in Psalm 106:17 is explained from Numbers 16:32; Numbers 26:10.

The third principal sin was the worship of the calf, Psalm 106:19-23. The poet here glances back at Exodus 32, but not without at the same time having Deuteronomy 9:8-12 in his mind; for the expression "in Horeb" is Deuteronomic, e.g., Deuteronomy 4:15; Deuteronomy 5:2, and frequently. Psalm 106:20 is also based upon the Book of Deuteronomy: they exchanged their glory, i.e., the God who was their distinction before all peoples according to Deuteronomy 4:6-8; Deuteronomy 10:21 (cf. also Jeremiah 2:11), for the likeness (תּבנית) of a plough-ox (for this is pre-eminently called שׁוּר, in the dialects תּור), contrary to the prohibition in Deuteronomy 4:17. On Psalm 106:21 cf. the warning in Deuteronomy 6:12. "Land of Cham" equals Egypt, as in Psalm 78:51; Psalm 105:23, Psalm 105:27. With ויאמר in Psalm 106:23 the expression becomes again Deuteronomic: Deuteronomy 9:25, cf. Exodus 32:10. God made and also expressed the resolve to destroy Israel. Then Moses stepped into the gap (before the gap), i.e., as it were covered the breach, inasmuch as he placed himself in it and exposed his own life; cf. on the fact, besides Exodus 32, also Deuteronomy 9:18., Psalm 10:10, and on the expression, Ezekiel 22:30 and also Jeremiah 18:20.

Psalm 106:26 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

therefore

Psalm 95:11 To whom I swore in my wrath that they should not enter into my rest.

Numbers 14:28-35 Say to them, As truly as I live, said the LORD, as you have spoken in my ears, so will I do to you...

Deuteronomy 1:34,35 And the LORD heard the voice of your words, and was wroth, and swore, saying...

Hebrews 3:11,18 So I swore in my wrath, They shall not enter into my rest.)...

lifted

Genesis 14:22,23 And Abram said to the king of Sodom, I have lift up my hand to the LORD, the most high God, the possessor of heaven and earth...

Exodus 6:8 And I will bring you in to the land, concerning the which I did swear to give it to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob...

Deuteronomy 32:40-42 For I lift up my hand to heaven, and say, I live for ever...

Ezekiel 20:15 Yet also I lifted up my hand to them in the wilderness, that I would not bring them into the land which I had given them...

Revelation 10:5,6 And the angel which I saw stand on the sea and on the earth lifted up his hand to heaven...

Cross References
Hebrews 3:11
As I swore in my wrath, 'They shall not enter my rest.'"

Numbers 14:28
Say to them, 'As I live, declares the LORD, what you have said in my hearing I will do to you:

Deuteronomy 1:35
Not one of these men of this evil generation shall see the good land that I swore to give to your fathers,

Deuteronomy 2:14
And the time from our leaving Kadesh-barnea until we crossed the brook Zered was thirty-eight years, until the entire generation, that is, the men of war, had perished from the camp, as the LORD had sworn to them.

Psalm 95:11
Therefore I swore in my wrath, "They shall not enter my rest."

Psalm 144:8
whose mouths speak lies and whose right hand is a right hand of falsehood.

Psalm 144:11
Rescue me and deliver me from the hand of foreigners, whose mouths speak lies and whose right hand is a right hand of falsehood.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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