Psalm 106:39
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Thus they became unclean by their acts, and played the whore in their deeds.

King James Bible
Thus were they defiled with their own works, and went a whoring with their own inventions.

American Standard Version
Thus were they defiled with their works, And played the harlot in their doings.

Douay-Rheims Bible
and was defiled with their works: and they went aside after their own inventions.

English Revised Version
Thus were they defiled with their works, and went a whoring in their doings.

Webster's Bible Translation
Thus were they defiled with their own works, and went astray with their own inventions.

Psalm 106:39 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The fact to which the poet refers in Psalm 106:24, viz., the rebellion in consequence of the report of the spies, which he brings forward as the fourth principal sin, is narrated in Numbers 13, Numbers 14. The appellation ארץ חמדּה is also found in Jeremiah 3:19; Zechariah 7:14. As to the rest, the expression is altogether Pentateuchal. "They despised the land," after Numbers 14:31; "they murmured in their tents," after Deuteronomy 1:27; "to lift up the land" equals to swear, after Exodus 6:8; Deuteronomy 32:40; the threat להפּיל, to make them fall down, fall away, after Numbers 14:29, Numbers 14:32. The threat of exile is founded upon the two great threatening chapters, Leviticus 26; Deuteronomy 28:1; cf. more particularly Leviticus 26:33 (together with the echoes in Ezekiel 5:12; Ezekiel 12:14, etc.), Deuteronomy 28:64 (together with the echoes in Jeremiah 9:15; Ezekiel 22:15, etc.). Ezekiel 20:23 stands in a not accidental relationship to Psalm 106:26.; and according to that passage, וּלהפיל is an error of the copyist for וּלהפיץ (Hitzig).

Now follows in Psalm 106:28-31 the fifth of the principal sins, viz., the taking part in the Moabitish worship of Baal. The verb נצמד (to be bound or chained), taken from Numbers 25:3, Numbers 25:5, points to the prostitution with which Baal Per, this Moabitish Priapus, was worshipped. The sacrificial feastings in which, according to Numbers 25:2, they took part, are called eating the sacrifices of the dead, because the idols are dead beings (nekroi', Wisd. 13:10-18) as opposed to God, the living One. The catena on Revelation 2:14 correctly interprets: τὰ τοῖς εἰδώλοις τελεσθέντα κρέα.

(Note: In the second section of Aboda zara, on the words of the Mishna: "The flesh which is intended to be offered first of all to idols is allowed, but that which comes out of the temple is forbidden, because it is like sacrifices of the dead," it is observed, fol. 32b: "Whence, said R. Jehuda ben Bethra, do I know that that which is offered to idols (תקרובת לעבדה זרה) pollutes like a dead body? From Psalm 106:28. As the dead body pollutes everything that is under the same roof with it, so also does everything that is offered to idols." The Apostle Paul declares the objectivity of this pollution to be vain, cf. more particularly 1 Corinthians 10:28.)

The object of "they made angry" is omitted; the author is fond of this, cf. Psalm 106:7 and Psalm 106:32. The expression in Psalm 106:29 is like Exodus 19:24. The verb עמד is chosen with reference to Numbers 17:13. The result is expressed in Psalm 106:30 after Numbers 25:8, Numbers 25:18., Numbers 17:13. With פּלּל, to adjust, to judge adjustingly (lxx, Vulgate, correctly according to the sense, ἐξιλάσατο), the poet associates the thought of the satisfaction due to divine right, which Phinehas executed with the javelin. This act of zeal for Jahve, which compensated for Israel's unfaithfulness, was accounted unto him for righteousness, by his being rewarded for it with the priesthood unto everlasting ages, Numbers 25:10-13. This accounting of a work for righteousness is only apparently contradictory to Genesis 15:5.: it was indeed an act which sprang from a constancy in faith, and one which obtained for him the acceptation of a righteous man for the sake of this upon which it was based, by proving him to be such.

In Psalm 106:32, Psalm 106:33 follows the sixth of the principal sins, viz., the insurrection against Moses and Aaron at the waters of strife in the fortieth year, in connection with which Moses forfeited the entrance with them into the Land of Promise (Numbers 20:11., Deuteronomy 1:37; Deuteronomy 32:51), since he suffered himself to be carried away by the persevering obstinacy of the people against the Spirit of God (המרה mostly providing the future for מרה, as in Psalm 106:7, Psalm 106:43, Psalm 78:17, Psalm 78:40, Psalm 78:56, of obstinacy against God; on את־רוּחו cf. Isaiah 63:10) into uttering the words addressed to the people, Numbers 20:10, in which, as the smiting of the rock which was twice repeated shows, is expressed impatience together with a tinge of unbelief. The poet distinguishes, as does the narrative in Numbers 20, between the obstinacy of the people and the transgression of Moses, which is there designated, according to that which lay at the root of it, as unbelief. The retrospective reference to Numbers 27:14 needs adjustment accordingly.

Psalm 106:39 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

defiled

Isaiah 24:5,6 The earth also is defiled under the inhabitants thereof; because they have transgressed the laws, changed the ordinance...

Isaiah 59:3 For your hands are defiled with blood, and your fingers with iniquity; your lips have spoken lies...

Ezekiel 20:18,30,31,43 But I said to their children in the wilderness, Walk you not in the statutes of your fathers, neither observe their judgments...

went

Exodus 34:16 And you take of their daughters to your sons, and their daughters go a whoring after their gods...

Leviticus 17:7 And they shall no more offer their sacrifices to devils, after whom they have gone a whoring...

Leviticus 20:5,6 Then I will set my face against that man, and against his family, and will cut him off, and all that go a whoring after him...

Numbers 15:39 And it shall be to you for a fringe, that you may look on it, and remember all the commandments of the LORD, and do them...

Jeremiah 3:1,2,6-9 They say, If a man put away his wife, and she go from him, and become another man's, shall he return to her again...

Ezekiel 16:15 But you did trust in your own beauty, and played the harlot because of your renown...

Ezekiel 23:3 And they committed prostitutions in Egypt; they committed prostitutions in their youth: there were their breasts pressed...

Hosea 9:1 Rejoice not, O Israel, for joy, as other people: for you have gone a whoring from your God...

Revelation 17:1-6 And there came one of the seven angels which had the seven vials, and talked with me, saying to me, Come here...

their own

Psalm 106:29 Thus they provoked him to anger with their inventions: and the plague broke in on them.

Cross References
Leviticus 17:7
So they shall no more sacrifice their sacrifices to goat demons, after whom they whore. This shall be a statute forever for them throughout their generations.

Leviticus 18:24
"Do not make yourselves unclean by any of these things, for by all these the nations I am driving out before you have become unclean,

Numbers 15:39
And it shall be a tassel for you to look at and remember all the commandments of the LORD, to do them, not to follow after your own heart and your own eyes, which you are inclined to whore after.

Judges 2:17
Yet they did not listen to their judges, for they whored after other gods and bowed down to them. They soon turned aside from the way in which their fathers had walked, who had obeyed the commandments of the LORD, and they did not do so.

Psalm 73:27
For behold, those who are far from you shall perish; you put an end to everyone who is unfaithful to you.

Ezekiel 20:18
"And I said to their children in the wilderness, 'Do not walk in the statutes of your fathers, nor keep their rules, nor defile yourselves with their idols.

Hosea 4:12
My people inquire of a piece of wood, and their walking staff gives them oracles. For a spirit of whoredom has led them astray, and they have left their God to play the whore.

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