Psalm 107:17
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Some were fools through their sinful ways, and because of their iniquities suffered affliction;

King James Bible
Fools because of their transgression, and because of their iniquities, are afflicted.

American Standard Version
Fools because of their transgression, And because of their iniquities, are afflicted.

Douay-Rheims Bible
He took them out of the way of their iniquity: for they were brought low for their injustices.

English Revised Version
Fools because of their transgression, and because of their iniquities, are afflicted.

Webster's Bible Translation
Fools, because of their transgression, and because of their iniquities, are afflicted.

Psalm 107:17 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

Others suffered imprisonment and bonds; but through Him who had decreed this as punishment for them, they also again reached the light of freedom. Just as in the first strophe, here, too, as far as יודוּ in Psalm 107:15, is all a compound subject; and in view of this the poet begins with participles. "Darkness and the shadow of death" (vid., Psalm 23:4) is an Isaianic expression, Isaiah 9:1 (where ישׁבי is construed with ב), Psalm 42:7 (where ישׁבי is construed as here, cf. Genesis 4:20; Zechariah 2:11), just as "bound in torture and iron" takes its rise from Job 36:8. The old expositors call it a hendiadys for "torturing iron" (after Psalm 105:18); but it is more correct to take the one as the general term and the other as the particular: bound in all sorts of affliction from which they could not break away, and more particularly in iron bonds (בּרזל, like the Arabic firzil, an iron fetter, vid., on Psalm 105:18). In Psalm 107:11, which calls to mind Isaiah 5:19, and with respect to Psalm 107:12, Isaiah 3:8, the double play upon the sound of the words is unmistakeable. By עצה is meant the plan in accordance with which God governs, more particularly His final purpose, which lies at the basis of His leadings of Israel. Not only had they nullified this purpose of mercy by defiant resistance (המרה) against God's commandments (אמרי, Arabic awâmir, âmireh) on their part, but they had even blasphemed it; נאץ, Deuteronomy 32:19, and frequently, or נאץ (prop. to pierce, then to treat roughly), is an old Mosaic designation of blasphemy, Deuteronomy 31:20; Numbers 14:11, Numbers 14:23; Numbers 16:30. Therefore God thoroughly humbled them by afflictive labour, and caused them to stumble (כּשׁל). But when they were driven to it, and prayed importunately to Him, He helped them out of their straits. The refrain varies according to recognised custom. Twice the expression is ויצעקו, twice ויזעקו; once יצילם, then twice יושׁיעם, and last of all יוציאם, which follows here in Psalm 107:14 as an alliteration. The summary condensation of the deliverance experienced (Psalm 107:16) is moulded after Isaiah 45:2. The Exile, too, may be regarded as such like a large jail (vid., e.g., Isaiah 42:7, Isaiah 42:22); but the descriptions of the poet are not pictures, but examples.

Psalm 107:17 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

fools. This is the third comparison; the captives being compared to persons in a dangerous malady, as the consequences of their own sins.

Psalm 14:1 The fool has said in his heart, There is no God. They are corrupt, they have done abominable works, there is none that does good.

Psalm 92:6 A brutish man knows not; neither does a fool understand this.

Proverbs 1:22 How long, you simple ones, will you love simplicity? and the scorners delight in their scorning, and fools hate knowledge?

Proverbs 7:7,22 And beheld among the simple ones, I discerned among the youths, a young man void of understanding...

because

Psalm 38:1-8 O lord, rebuke me not in your wrath: neither chasten me in your hot displeasure...

Numbers 11:33,34 And while the flesh was yet between their teeth, ere it was chewed, the wrath of the LORD was kindled against the people...

Numbers 12:10-13 And the cloud departed from off the tabernacle; and, behold, Miriam became leprous, white as snow: and Aaron looked on Miriam, and...

Numbers 21:5-9 And the people spoke against God, and against Moses, Why have you brought us up out of Egypt to die in the wilderness...

Isaiah 57:17,18 For the iniquity of his covetousness was I wroth, and smote him: I hid me, and was wroth...

Jeremiah 2:19 Your own wickedness shall correct you, and your backslidings shall reprove you...

Lamentations 3:39 Why does a living man complain, a man for the punishment of his sins?

Cross References
Isaiah 65:6
Behold, it is written before me: "I will not keep silent, but I will repay; I will indeed repay into their lap

Isaiah 65:7
both your iniquities and your fathers' iniquities together, says the LORD; because they made offerings on the mountains and insulted me on the hills, I will measure into their lap payment for their former deeds."

Jeremiah 4:18
Your ways and your deeds have brought this upon you. This is your doom, and it is bitter; it has reached your very heart."

Jeremiah 30:14
All your lovers have forgotten you; they care nothing for you; for I have dealt you the blow of an enemy, the punishment of a merciless foe, because your guilt is great, because your sins are flagrant.

Jeremiah 30:15
Why do you cry out over your hurt? Your pain is incurable. Because your guilt is great, because your sins are flagrant, I have done these things to you.

Lamentations 3:39
Why should a living man complain, a man, about the punishment of his sins?

Ezekiel 24:23
Your turbans shall be on your heads and your shoes on your feet; you shall not mourn or weep, but you shall rot away in your iniquities and groan to one another.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
Psalm 107:16
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