Psalm 12:8
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
On every side the wicked prowl, as vileness is exalted among the children of man.

King James Bible
The wicked walk on every side, when the vilest men are exalted.

American Standard Version
The wicked walk on every side, When vileness is exalted among the sons of men.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The wicked walk round about: according to thy highness, thou best multiplied the children of men.

English Revised Version
The wicked walk on every side, when vileness is exalted among the sons of men.

Webster's Bible Translation
The wicked walk on every side, when the vilest men are exalted.

Psalm 12:8 Parallel
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

(Heb.: 12:2-3) The sigh of supplication, הושׁיעה, has its object within itself: work deliverance, give help; and the motive is expressed by the complaint which follows. The verb גּמר to complete, means here, as in Psalm 7:10, to have an end; and the ἁπ. λεγ. פּסס is equivalent to אפס in Psalm 77:9, to come to the extremity, to cease. It is at once clear from the predicate being placed first in the plur., that אמוּנים in this passage is not an abstractum, as e.g., in Proverbs 13:17; moreover the parallelism is against it, just as in Proverbs 31:24. חסיד is the pious man, as one who practises חסד towards God and man. אמוּן, primary form אמוּן (plur. אמונים; whereas from אמוּן we should expect אמוּנים), - used as an adjective (cf. on the contrary Deuteronomy 32:20) here just as in Proverbs 31:24, 2 Samuel 20:19, - is the reliable, faithful, conscientious man, literally one who is firm, i.e., whose word and meaning is firm, so that one can rely upon it and be certain in relation to it.

(Note: The Aryan root man to remain, abide (Neo-Persic mânden), also takes a similar course, signifying usually "to continue in any course, wait, hope." So the old Persic man, Zend upaman, cf. μένειν with its derivatives which are applied in several ways in the New Testament to characterise πίστις.)

We find similar complaints of the universal prevalence of wickedness in Micah 7:2; Isaiah 57:1; Jeremiah 7:28, and elsewhere. They contain their own limitation. For although those who complain thus without pharisaic self-righteousness would convict themselves of being affected by the prevailing corruption, they are still, in their penitence, in their sufferings for righteousness' sake, and in their cry for help, a standing proof that humanity has not yet, without exception, become a massa perdita. That which the writer especially laments, is the prevailing untruthfulness. Men speak שׁוא ( equals שׁוא from שׁוא), desolation and emptiness under a disguise that conceals its true nature, falsehood (Psalm 41:7), and hypocrisy (Job 35:13), ἕκαστος πρὸς τὸν πλησίον αὐτοῦ (lxx, cf. Ephesians 4:25, where the greatness of the sin finds its confirmation according to the teaching of the New Testament: ὅτι ἐσμὲν ἀλλήλων μέλη). They speak lips of smoothnesses (חלקות, plural from חלקה, laevitates, or from חלק, laevia), i.e., the smoothest, most deceitful language (accusative of the object as in Isaiah 19:18) with a double heart, inasmuch, namely, as the meaning they deceitfully express to others, and even to themselves, differs from the purpose they actually cherish, or even (cf. 1 Chronicles 12:33 בלא לב ולב, and James 1:8 δίψυχος, wavering) inasmuch as the purpose they now so flatteringly put forth quickly changes to the very opposite.

Psalm 12:8 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge


Proverbs 29:12 If a ruler listen to lies, all his servants are wicked.

Hosea 5:11 Ephraim is oppressed and broken in judgment, because he willingly walked after the commandment.

Micah 6:16 For the statutes of Omri are kept, and all the works of the house of Ahab, and you walk in their counsels...


Judges 9:18 And you are risen up against my father's house this day, and have slain his sons, three score and ten persons, on one stone...

1 Samuel 18:17,18 And Saul said to David, Behold my elder daughter Merab, her will I give you to wife: only be you valiant for me...

Esther 3:6 And he thought scorn to lay hands on Mordecai alone; for they had showed him the people of Mordecai...

Isaiah 32:4-6 The heart also of the rash shall understand knowledge, and the tongue of the stammerers shall be ready to speak plainly...

Mark 14:63-65 Then the high priest rent his clothes, and said, What need we any further witnesses...

men. Heb. of the sons of men

Job 30:8 They were children of fools, yes, children of base men: they were viler than the earth.

Daniel 11:21 And in his estate shall stand up a vile person, to whom they shall not give the honor of the kingdom: but he shall come in peaceably...

Cross References
Psalm 55:10
Day and night they go around it on its walls, and iniquity and trouble are within it;

Psalm 55:11
ruin is in its midst; oppression and fraud do not depart from its marketplace.

Isaiah 32:5
The fool will no more be called noble, nor the scoundrel said to be honorable.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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