Psalm 121:5
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
The LORD is your keeper; the LORD is your shade on your right hand.

King James Bible
The LORD is thy keeper: the LORD is thy shade upon thy right hand.

American Standard Version
Jehovah is thy keeper: Jehovah is thy shade upon thy right hand.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The Lord is thy keeper, the Lord is thy protection upon thy right hand.

English Revised Version
The LORD is thy keeper: the LORD is thy shade upon thy right hand.

Webster's Bible Translation
The LORD is thy keeper: the LORD is thy shade upon thy right hand.

Psalm 121:5 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

Since arrows and broom-fire, with which the evil tongue is requited, even now proceed from the tongue itself, the poet goes on with the deep heaving אויה (only found here). גּוּר with the accusative of that beside which one sojourns, as in Psalm 5:5; Isaiah 33:14; Judges 5:17. The Moschi (משׁך, the name of which the lxx takes as an appellative in the signification of long continuance; cf. the reverse instance in Isaiah 66:19 lxx) dwelt between the Black and the Caspian Seas, and it is impossible to dwell among them and the inhabitants of Kedar (vid., Psalm 83:7) at one and the same time. Accordingly both these names of peoples are to be understood emblematically, with Saadia, Calvin, Amyraldus, and others, of homines similes ejusmodi barbaris et truculentis nationibus.

(Note: If the Psalm were a Maccabaean Psalm, one might think משׁך, from משׁך, σύρειν, alluded to the Syrians or even to the Jewish apostates with reference to משׁך ערלה, ἐπισπᾶσθαι τὴν ἀκροβυστίαν (1 Corinthians 7:18).)

Meshech is reckoned to Magog in Ezekiel 38:2, and the Kedarites are possessed by the lust of possession (Genesis 16:12) of the bellum omnium contra omnes. These rough and quarrelsome characters have surrounded the poet (and his fellow-countrymen, with whom he perhaps comprehends himself) too long already. רבּת, abundantly (vid., Psalm 65:10), appears, more particularly in 2 Chronicles 30:17., as a later prose word. The להּ, which throws the action back upon the subject, gives a pleasant, lively colouring to the declaration, as in Psalm 122:3; Psalm 123:4. He on his part is peace (cf. Micah 5:5, Psalm 119:4; Psalm 110:3), inasmuch as the love of peace, willingness to be at peace, and a desire for peace fill his σου; but if he only opens his mouth, they are for war, they are abroad intent on war, their mood and their behaviour become forthwith hostile. Ewald (362, b) construes it (following Saadia): and I-- although I speak peace; but if כּי (like עד, Psalm 141:10) might even have this position in the clause, yet וכי cannot. שׁלום is not on any account to be supplied in thought to אדבּר, as Hitzig suggests (after Psalm 122:8; Psalm 28:3; Psalm 35:20). With the shrill dissonance of שׁלום and מלחמה the Psalm closes; and the cry for help with which it opens hovers over it, earnestly desiring its removal.

Psalm 121:5 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

thy shade

Exodus 13:21 And the LORD went before them by day in a pillar of a cloud, to lead them the way; and by night in a pillar of fire, to give them light...

Isaiah 4:5,6 And the LORD will create on every dwelling place of mount Zion, and on her assemblies, a cloud and smoke by day...

Isaiah 25:4 For you have been a strength to the poor, a strength to the needy in his distress, a refuge from the storm, a shadow from the heat...

Isaiah 32:2 And a man shall be as an hiding place from the wind, and a covert from the tempest; as rivers of water in a dry place...

Matthew 23:37 O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, you that kill the prophets, and stone them which are sent to you...

upon

Psalm 16:8 I have set the LORD always before me: because he is at my right hand, I shall not be moved.

Psalm 109:31 For he shall stand at the right hand of the poor, to save him from those that condemn his soul.

Cross References
Revelation 7:16
They shall hunger no more, neither thirst anymore; the sun shall not strike them, nor any scorching heat.

Genesis 28:15
Behold, I am with you and will keep you wherever you go, and will bring you back to this land. For I will not leave you until I have done what I have promised you."

Psalm 16:8
I have set the LORD always before me; because he is at my right hand, I shall not be shaken.

Psalm 91:1
He who dwells in the shelter of the Most High will abide in the shadow of the Almighty.

Psalm 91:4
He will cover you with his pinions, and under his wings you will find refuge; his faithfulness is a shield and buckler.

Psalm 109:31
For he stands at the right hand of the needy one, to save him from those who condemn his soul to death.

Psalm 121:4
Behold, he who keeps Israel will neither slumber nor sleep.

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