Psalm 122:3
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Jerusalem—built as a city that is bound firmly together,

King James Bible
Jerusalem is builded as a city that is compact together:

American Standard Version
Jerusalem, that art builded As a city that is compact together;

Douay-Rheims Bible
Jerusalem, which is built as a city, which is compact together.

English Revised Version
Jerusalem, that art builded as a city that is compact together:

Webster's Bible Translation
Jerusalem is built as a city that is compact together:

Psalm 122:3 Parallel
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

That which holds good of "the Keeper of Israel" the poet applies believingly to himself, the individual among God's people, in Psalm 121:5 after Genesis 28:15. Jahve is his Keeper, He is his shade upon his right hand (היּמין as in Judges 20:16; 2 Samuel 20:9, and frequently; the construct state instead of an apposition, cf. e.g., Arab. jânbu 'l-grbı̂yi, the side of the western equals the western side), which protecting him and keeping him fresh and cool, covers him from the sun's burning heat. על, as in Psalm 109:6; Psalm 110:5, with the idea of an overshadowing that screens and spreads itself out over anything (cf. Numbers 14:9). To the figure of the shadow is appended the consolation in Psalm 121:6. הכּה of the sun signifies to smite injuriously (Isaiah 49:10), plants, so that they wither (Psalm 102:5), and the head (Jonah 4:8), so that symptoms of sun-stroke (2 Kings 4:19, Judith 8:2f.) appears. The transferring of the word of the moon is not zeugmatic. Even the moon's rays may become insupportable, may affect the eyes injuriously, and (more particularly in the equatorial regions) produce fatal inflammation of the brain.

(Note: Many expositors, nevertheless, understand the destructive influence of the moon meant here of the nightly cold, which is mentioned elsewhere in the same antithesis. Genesis 31:40; Jeremiah 36:30. De Sacy observes also: On dit quelquefois d'un grand froid, comme d'un grand chaud, qu'il est brulant. The Arabs also say of snow and of cold as of fire: jaḥrik, it burns.)

From the hurtful influences of nature that are round about him the promise extends in Psalm 121:7-8 in every direction. Jahve, says the poet to himself, will keep (guard) thee against all evil, of whatever kind it may be and whencesoever it may threaten; He will keep thy soul, and therefore thy life both inwardly and outwardly; He will keep (ישׁמר־, cf. on the other hand ישׁפּט־ in Psalm 9:9) thy going out and coming in, i.e., all thy business and intercourse of life (Deuteronomy 28:6, and frequently); for, as Chrysostom observes, ἐν τούτοις ὁ βίος ἅπας, ἐν εἰσόδοις καὶ ἐξόδοις, therefore: everywhere and at all times; and that from this time forth even for ever. In connection with this the thought is natural, that the life of him who stands under the so universal and unbounded protection of eternal love can suffer no injury.

Psalm 122:3 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge


2 Samuel 5:9 So David dwelled in the fort, and called it the city of David. And David built round about from Millo and inward.

Ephesians 2:20,21 And are built on the foundation of the apostles and prophets, Jesus Christ himself being the chief corner stone...

Ephesians 4:4-7 There is one body, and one Spirit, even as you are called in one hope of your calling...

Revelation 21:10 And he carried me away in the spirit to a great and high mountain, and showed me that great city, the holy Jerusalem...

Cross References
2 Samuel 5:9
And David lived in the stronghold and called it the city of David. And David built the city all around from the Millo inward.

Nehemiah 4:6
So we built the wall. And all the wall was joined together to half its height, for the people had a mind to work.

Psalm 48:13
consider well her ramparts, go through her citadels, that you may tell the next generation

Psalm 147:2
The LORD builds up Jerusalem; he gathers the outcasts of Israel.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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