Psalm 122:4
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
to which the tribes go up, the tribes of the LORD, as was decreed for Israel, to give thanks to the name of the LORD.

King James Bible
Whither the tribes go up, the tribes of the LORD, unto the testimony of Israel, to give thanks unto the name of the LORD.

American Standard Version
Whither the tribes go up, even the tribes of Jehovah, For an ordinance for Israel, To give thanks unto the name of Jehovah.

Douay-Rheims Bible
For thither did the tribes go up, the tribes of the Lord: the testimony of Israel, to praise the name of the Lord.

English Revised Version
Whither the tribes go up, even the tribes of the LORD for a testimony unto Israel, to give thanks into the name of the LORD.

Webster's Bible Translation
Whither the tribes go up, the tribes of the LORD, to the testimony of Israel, to give thanks to the name of the LORD.

Psalm 122:4 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

That which holds good of "the Keeper of Israel" the poet applies believingly to himself, the individual among God's people, in Psalm 121:5 after Genesis 28:15. Jahve is his Keeper, He is his shade upon his right hand (היּמין as in Judges 20:16; 2 Samuel 20:9, and frequently; the construct state instead of an apposition, cf. e.g., Arab. jânbu 'l-grbı̂yi, the side of the western equals the western side), which protecting him and keeping him fresh and cool, covers him from the sun's burning heat. על, as in Psalm 109:6; Psalm 110:5, with the idea of an overshadowing that screens and spreads itself out over anything (cf. Numbers 14:9). To the figure of the shadow is appended the consolation in Psalm 121:6. הכּה of the sun signifies to smite injuriously (Isaiah 49:10), plants, so that they wither (Psalm 102:5), and the head (Jonah 4:8), so that symptoms of sun-stroke (2 Kings 4:19, Judith 8:2f.) appears. The transferring of the word of the moon is not zeugmatic. Even the moon's rays may become insupportable, may affect the eyes injuriously, and (more particularly in the equatorial regions) produce fatal inflammation of the brain.

(Note: Many expositors, nevertheless, understand the destructive influence of the moon meant here of the nightly cold, which is mentioned elsewhere in the same antithesis. Genesis 31:40; Jeremiah 36:30. De Sacy observes also: On dit quelquefois d'un grand froid, comme d'un grand chaud, qu'il est brulant. The Arabs also say of snow and of cold as of fire: jaḥrik, it burns.)

From the hurtful influences of nature that are round about him the promise extends in Psalm 121:7-8 in every direction. Jahve, says the poet to himself, will keep (guard) thee against all evil, of whatever kind it may be and whencesoever it may threaten; He will keep thy soul, and therefore thy life both inwardly and outwardly; He will keep (ישׁמר־, cf. on the other hand ישׁפּט־ in Psalm 9:9) thy going out and coming in, i.e., all thy business and intercourse of life (Deuteronomy 28:6, and frequently); for, as Chrysostom observes, ἐν τούτοις ὁ βίος ἅπας, ἐν εἰσόδοις καὶ ἐξόδοις, therefore: everywhere and at all times; and that from this time forth even for ever. In connection with this the thought is natural, that the life of him who stands under the so universal and unbounded protection of eternal love can suffer no injury.

Psalm 122:4 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

whither

Psalm 78:68 But chose the tribe of Judah, the mount Zion which he loved.

Psalm 132:13 For the LORD has chosen Zion; he has desired it for his habitation.

Exodus 23:17 Three items in the year all your males shall appear before the LORD God.

Exodus 34:23,24 Thrice in the year shall all your male children appear before the LORD God, the God of Israel...

Deuteronomy 12:5,11 But to the place which the LORD your God shall choose out of all your tribes to put his name there...

Deuteronomy 16:16 Three times in a year shall all your males appear before the LORD your God in the place which he shall choose...

the testimony

Exodus 16:34 As the LORD commanded Moses, so Aaron laid it up before the Testimony, to be kept.

Exodus 26:33,34 And you shall hang up the veil under the clasps, that you may bring in thither within the veil the ark of the testimony...

Exodus 32:15 And Moses turned, and went down from the mount, and the two tables of the testimony were in his hand...

to give

Psalm 66:13-16 I will go into your house with burnt offerings: I will pay you my vows...

Psalm 107:1-3 O give thanks to the LORD, for he is good: for his mercy endures for ever...

Psalm 116:17-19 I will offer to you the sacrifice of thanksgiving, and will call on the name of the LORD...

Psalm 118:19 Open to me the gates of righteousness: I will go into them, and I will praise the LORD:

Cross References
Exodus 23:17
Three times in the year shall all your males appear before the Lord GOD.

Deuteronomy 16:16
"Three times a year all your males shall appear before the LORD your God at the place that he will choose: at the Feast of Unleavened Bread, at the Feast of Weeks, and at the Feast of Booths. They shall not appear before the LORD empty-handed.

Psalm 84:5
Blessed are those whose strength is in you, in whose heart are the highways to Zion.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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