Psalm 139:19
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Oh that you would slay the wicked, O God! O men of blood, depart from me!

King James Bible
Surely thou wilt slay the wicked, O God: depart from me therefore, ye bloody men.

American Standard Version
Surely thou wilt slay the wicked, O God: Depart from me therefore, ye bloodthirsty men.

Douay-Rheims Bible
If thou wilt kill the wicked, O God: ye men of blood, depart from me:

English Revised Version
Surely thou wilt slay the wicked, O God: depart from me therefore, ye bloodthirsty men.

Webster's Bible Translation
Surely thou wilt slay the wicked, O God: depart from me therefore, ye bloody men.

Psalm 139:19 Parallel
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The fact that man is manifest to God even to the very bottom of his nature, and in every place, is now confirmed from the origin of man. The development of the child in the womb was looked upon by the Israelitish Chokma as one of the greatest mysteries, Ecclesiastes 11:5; and here the poet praises this coming into being as a marvellous work of the omniscient and omnipresent omnipotence of God. קנה here signifies condere; and סכך not: to cover, protect, as in Psalm 140:8; Job 40:22, prop. to cover with network, to hedge in, but: to plait, interweave, viz., with bones, sinews, and veins, like שׂכך in Job 10:11. The reins are made specially prominent in order to mark the, the seat of the tenderest, most secret emotions, as the work of Him who trieth the heart and the reins. The προσευχή becomes in Psalm 139:14 the εὐχαριστία: I give thanks unto Thee that I have wonderfully come into being under fearful circumstances, i.e., circumstances exciting a shudder, viz., of astonishment (נוראות as in Psalm 65:6). נפלה ( equals נפלא) is the passive to הפלה, Psalm 4:4; Psalm 17:7. Hitzig regards נפליתה (Thou hast shown Thyself wonderful), after the lxx, Syriac, Vulgate, and Jerome, as the only correct reading; but the thought which is thereby gained comes indeed to be expressed in the following line, Psalm 139:14, which sinks down into tautology in connection with this reading. `otsem (collectively equivalent to עצמים, Ecclesiastes 11:5) is the bones, the skeleton, and, starting from that idea, more generally the state of being as a sum-total of elements of being. אשׁר, without being necessarily a conjunction (Ew. 333, a), attaches itself to the suffix of עצמי. רקּם, "to be worked in different colours, or also embroidered," of the system of veins ramifying the body, and of the variegated colouring of its individual members, more particularly of the inward parts; perhaps, however, more generally with a retrospective conception of the colours of the outline following the undeveloped beginning, and of the forming of the members and of the organism in general.

(Note: In the Talmud the egg of a bird or of a reptile is called מרקּמת, when the outlines of the developed embryo are visible in it; and likewise the mole (mola), when traces of human; organization can be discerned in it.)

The mother's womb is here called not merely סתר (cf. Aeschylus' Eumenides, 665: ἐν σκοτοισι νηδύος τεθραμμένη, and the designation of the place where the foetus is formed as "a threefold darkness' in the Koran, Sur. xxxix. 8), the ē of which is retained here in pause (vid., Bttcher, Lehrbuch, 298), but by a bolder appellation תּחתּיּות ארץ, the lowest parts of the earth, i.e., the interior of the earth (vid., on Psalm 63:10) as being the secret laboratory of the earthly origin, with the same retrospective reference to the first formation of the human body out of the dust of the earth, as when Job says, Job 1:21 : "naked came I out of my mother's womb, and naked shall I return thither" - שׁמּה, viz., εἰς τὴν γῆν τὴν μητέρα πάντων, Sir. 40:1. The interior of Hades is also called בּטן שׁאול in Jonah 2:2, Sir. 51:5. According to the view of Scripture the mode of Adam's creation is repeated in the formation of every man, Job 33:6, cf. Job 33:4. The earth was the mother's womb of Adam, and the mother's womb out of which the child of Adam comes forth is the earth out of which it is taken.

Psalm 139:19 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge


Psalm 5:6 You shall destroy them that speak leasing: the LORD will abhor the bloody and deceitful man.

Psalm 9:17 The wicked shall be turned into hell, and all the nations that forget God.

Psalm 55:23 But you, O God, shall bring them down into the pit of destruction: bloody and deceitful men shall not live out half their days...

Psalm 64:7 But God shall shoot at them with an arrow; suddenly shall they be wounded.

Psalm 94:23 And he shall bring on them their own iniquity, and shall cut them off in their own wickedness; yes...

Isaiah 11:4 But with righteousness shall he judge the poor, and reprove with equity for the meek of the earth: and he shall smite the earth...

depart from

Psalm 6:8 Depart from me, all you workers of iniquity; for the LORD has heard the voice of my weeping.

Psalm 119:115 Depart from me, you evildoers: for I will keep the commandments of my God.

Matthew 7:23 And then will I profess to them, I never knew you: depart from me, you that work iniquity.

Matthew 25:41 Then shall he say also to them on the left hand, Depart from me, you cursed, into everlasting fire...

2 Corinthians 6:17 Why come out from among them, and be you separate, said the Lord, and touch not the unclean thing; and I will receive you.

Cross References
Psalm 5:6
You destroy those who speak lies; the LORD abhors the bloodthirsty and deceitful man.

Psalm 6:8
Depart from me, all you workers of evil, for the LORD has heard the sound of my weeping.

Psalm 26:9
Do not sweep my soul away with sinners, nor my life with bloodthirsty men,

Psalm 59:2
deliver me from those who work evil, and save me from bloodthirsty men.

Psalm 119:115
Depart from me, you evildoers, that I may keep the commandments of my God.

Isaiah 11:4
but with righteousness he shall judge the poor, and decide with equity for the meek of the earth; and he shall strike the earth with the rod of his mouth, and with the breath of his lips he shall kill the wicked.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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