Psalm 139:5
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
You hem me in, behind and before, and lay your hand upon me.

King James Bible
Thou hast beset me behind and before, and laid thine hand upon me.

American Standard Version
Thou hast beset me behind and before, And laid thy hand upon me.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Behold, O Lord, thou hast known all things, the last and those of old: thou hast formed me, and hast laid thy hand upon me.

English Revised Version
Thou hast beset me behind and before, and laid thine hand upon me.

Webster's Bible Translation
Thou hast beset me behind and before, and laid thy hand upon me.

Psalm 139:5 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

Out of these experiences-so important for all mankind - of David, who has been exalted by passing through humiliation, there arise from him confident hopes concerning the future. The beginning of this strophe calls Psalm 23:4 to mind. Though his way may lead through the midst of heart - oppressing trouble, Jahve will loose these bands of death and quicken him afresh (חיּה as in Psalm 30:4; Psalm 71:20, and frequently). Though his enemies may rage, Jahve will stretch forth His hand threateningly and tranquillizingly over their wrath, and His right hand will save him. ימינך is the subject according to Psalm 139:10 and other passages, and not (for why should it be supposed to be this?) accus. instrumenti (vid., Psalm 60:7). In Psalm 138:8 יגמר is intended just as in Psalm 57:3 : the word begun He will carry out, ἐπιτελεῖν (Philippians 1:6); and בּעדי (according to its meaning, properly: covering me) is the same as עלי in that passage (cf. Psalm 13:6; Psalm 142:8). The pledge of this completion is Jahve's everlasting mercy, which will not rest until the promise is become perfect truth and reality. Thus, therefore, He will not leave, forsake the works of His hands (vid., Psalm 90:16.), i.e., as Hengstenberg correctly explains, everything that He has hitherto accomplished for David, from his deliverance out of the hands of Saul down to the bestowment of the promise - He will not let one of His works stand still, and least of all one that has been so gloriously begun. הרפּה (whence תּרף) signifies to slacken, to leave slack, i.e., leave uncarried out, to leave to itself, as in Nehemiah 6:3. אל expresses a negation with a measure of inward excitement.

Psalm 139:5 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

beset me

Deuteronomy 33:27 The eternal God is your refuge, and underneath are the everlasting arms: and he shall thrust out the enemy from before you...

Job 23:8,9 Behold, I go forward, but he is not there; and backward, but I cannot perceive him...

and laid

Exodus 24:11 And on the nobles of the children of Israel he laid not his hand: also they saw God, and did eat and drink.

Revelation 1:17 And when I saw him, I fell at his feet as dead. And he laid his right hand on me, saying to me, Fear not; I am the first and the last:

Cross References
Job 9:33
There is no arbiter between us, who might lay his hand on us both.

Psalm 34:7
The angel of the LORD encamps around those who fear him, and delivers them.

Psalm 125:2
As the mountains surround Jerusalem, so the LORD surrounds his people, from this time forth and forevermore.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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