Psalm 18:38
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
I thrust them through, so that they were not able to rise; they fell under my feet.

King James Bible
I have wounded them that they were not able to rise: they are fallen under my feet.

American Standard Version
I will smite them through, so that they shall not be able to rise: They shall fall under my feet.

Douay-Rheims Bible
I will break them, and they shall not be able to stand: they shall fall under my feet.

English Revised Version
I will smite them through that they shall not be able to rise: they shall fall under my feet.

Webster's Bible Translation
I have wounded them that they were not able to rise: they have fallen under my feet.

Psalm 18:38 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

(Heb.: 18:32-35) The grateful description of the tokens of favour he has experienced takes a new flight, and is continued in the second half of the Psalm in a more varied and less artificial mixture of the strophes. What is said in Psalm 18:31 of the way and word of Jahve and of Jahve Himself, is confirmed in Psalm 18:32 by the fact that He alone is אלוהּ, a divine being to be reverenced, and He alone is צוּר, a rock, i.e., a ground of confidence that cannot be shaken. What is said in Psalm 18:31 consequently can be said only of Him. מבּלעדי and זוּלתי alternate; the former (with a negative intensive מן) signifies "without reference to" and then absolutely "without" or besides, and the latter (with ı̂ as a connecting vowel, which elsewhere has also the function of a suffix), from זוּלת (זוּלה), "exception." The verses immediately following are attached descriptively to אלהינוּ, our God (i.e., the God of Israel), the God, who girded me with strength; and accordingly (fut. consec.) made my way תמים, "perfect," i.e., absolutely smooth, free from stumblings and errors, leading straight forward to a divine goal. The idea is no other than that in Psalm 18:31, cf. Job 22:3, except that the freedom from error here is intended to be understood in accordance with its reference to the way of a man, of a king, and of a warrior; cf. moreover, the other text. The verb שׁוּה signifies, like Arab. swwâ, to make equal (aequare), to arrange, to set right; the dependent passage Habakkuk 3:19 has, instead of this verb, the more uncoloured שׁים. The hind, איּלה or איּלת, is the perfection of swiftness (cf. ἔλαφος and ἐλαφρός) and also of gracefulness among animals. "Like the hinds" is equivalent to like hinds' feet; the Hebrew style leaves it to the reader to infer the appropriate point of comparison from the figure. It is not swiftness in flight (De Wette), but in attack and pursuit that is meant, - the latter being a prominent characteristic of warriors, according to 2 Samuel 1:23; 2 Samuel 2:18; 1 Chronicles 12:8. David does not call the high places of the enemy, which he has made his own by conquest "my high places," but those heights of the Holy Land which belong to him as king of Israel: upon these Jahve preserves him a firm position, so that from them he may rule the land far and wide, and hold them victoriously (cf. passages like Deuteronomy 32:13; Isaiah 58:14). The verb למּד, which has a double accusative in other instances, is here combined with ל of the subject taught, as the aim of the teaching. The verb נחת (to press down equals to bend a bow) precedes the subject "my arms" in the singular; this inequality is admissible even when the subject stands first (e.g., Genesis 49:22; Joel 1:20; Zechariah 6:14). קשׁת נחוּשׁה a bow of brazen equals of brass, as in Job 20:24. It is also the manner of heroes in Homer and in the Ram-jana to press down and bend with their hand a brazen bow, one end of which rests on the ground.

Psalm 18:38 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

1 Samuel 17:49-51 And David put his hand in his bag, and took there a stone, and slang it, and smote the Philistine in his forehead...

1 Samuel 23:5 So David and his men went to Keilah, and fought with the Philistines, and brought away their cattle...

1 Samuel 30:17 And David smote them from the twilight even to the evening of the next day: and there escaped not a man of them...

2 Samuel 5:1-25 Then came all the tribes of Israel to David to Hebron, and spoke, saying, Behold, we are your bone and your flesh...

2 Samuel 8:1-18 And after this it came to pass that David smote the Philistines, and subdued them...

2 Samuel 10:1-19 And it came to pass after this, that the king of the children of Ammon died, and Hanun his son reigned in his stead...

2 Samuel 18:7,8 Where the people of Israel were slain before the servants of David...

2 Samuel 21:15-22 Moreover the Philistines had yet war again with Israel; and David went down, and his servants with him...

2 Samuel 22:39 And I have consumed them, and wounded them, that they could not arise: yes, they are fallen under my feet.

Cross References
Psalm 36:12
There the evildoers lie fallen; they are thrust down, unable to rise.

Psalm 47:3
He subdued peoples under us, and nations under our feet.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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