Psalm 72:12
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
For he delivers the needy when he calls, the poor and him who has no helper.

King James Bible
For he shall deliver the needy when he crieth; the poor also, and him that hath no helper.

American Standard Version
For he will deliver the needy when he crieth, And the poor, that hath no helper.

Douay-Rheims Bible
For he shall deliver the poor from the mighty: and the needy that had no helper.

English Revised Version
For he shall deliver the needy when he crieth; and the poor, that hath no helper.

Webster's Bible Translation
For he shall deliver the needy when he crieth; the poor also, and him that hath no helper.

Psalm 72:12 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The invocation of Psalm 72:1 is continued in the form of a wish: may they fear Thee, Elohim, עם־שׁמשׁ, with the sun, i.e., during its whole duration (עם in the sense of contemporary existence, as in Daniel 3:33). לפני־ירח, in the moonlight (cf. Job 8:16, לפני־שׁמשׁ, in the sunshine), i.e., so long as the moon shines. דּור דּורים (accusative of the duration of time, cf. Psalm 102:25), into the uttermost generation which outlasts the other generations (like שׁמי השּׁמים of the furthest heavens which surround the other heavens). The first two periphrastic expressions for unlimited time recur in Psalm 89:37., a Psalm composed after the time of Solomon; cf. the unfigurative expression in Solomon's prayer at the dedication of the Temple in 1 Kings 8:40. The continuance of the kingship, from the operation of which such continuance of the fear of God is expected, is not asserted until Psalm 72:17. It is capricious to refer the language of address in Psalm 72:5 to the king (as Hupfeld and Hitzig do), who is not directly addressed either in Psalm 72:4, or in Psalm 72:6, or anywhere in the Psalm. With respect to God the desire is expressed that the righteous and benign rule of the king may result in the extension of the fear of God from generation to generation into endless ages. The poet in Psalm 72:6 delights in a heaping up of synonyms in order to give intensity to the expression of the thoughts, just as in Psalm 72:5; the last two expressions stand side by side one another without any bond of connection as in Psalm 72:5. רביבים (from רבב, Arab. rbb, densum, spissum esse, and then, starting from this signification, sometimes multum and sometimes magnum esse) is the shower of rain pouring down in drops that are close together; nor is זרזיף a synonym of גּז, but (formed from זרף, Arab. ḏrf, to flow, by means of a rare reduplication of the first two letters of the root, Ew. 157, d) properly the water running from a roof (cf. B. Joma 87a: "when the maid above poured out water, זרזיפי דמיא came upon his head"). גּז, however, is not the meadow-shearing, equivalent to a shorn, mown meadow, any more than גּז, גּזּה, Arabic ǵizza, signifies a shorn hide, but, on the contrary, a hide with the wool or feathers (e.g., ostrich feathers) still upon it, rather a meadow, i.e., grassy plain, that is intended to be mown. The closing word ארץ (accus. loci as in Psalm 147:15) unites itself with the opening word ירד: descendat in terram. In his last words (2 Samuel 23) David had compared the effects of the dominion of his successor, whom he beheld as by vision, to the fertilizing effects of the sun and of the rain upon the earth. The idea of Psalm 72:6 is that Solomon's rule may prove itself thus beneficial for the country. The figure of the rain in Psalm 72:7 gives birth to another: under his rule may the righteous blossom (expanding himself unhindered and under the most favourable circumsntaces), and (may there arise) salvation in all fulness עד־בּלי ירח, until there is no more moon (cf. the similar expression in Job 14:12). To this desire for the uninterrupted prosperity and happiness of the righteous under the reign of this king succeeds the desire for an unlimited extension of his dominion, Psalm 72:8. The sea (the Mediterranean) and the river (the Euphrates) are geographically defined points of issue, whence the definition of boundary is extended into the unbounded. Solomon even at his accession ruled over all kingdoms from the Euphrates as far as the borders of Egypt; the wishes expressed here are of wider compass, and Zechariah repeats them predictively (Psalm 9:10) with reference to the King Messiah.

Psalm 72:12 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

for

Psalm 72:4 He shall judge the poor of the people, he shall save the children of the needy, and shall break in pieces the oppressor.

Psalm 10:17 LORD, you have heard the desire of the humble: you will prepare their heart, you will cause your ear to hear:

Psalm 82:3,4 Defend the poor and fatherless: do justice to the afflicted and needy...

Psalm 102:17,20 He will regard the prayer of the destitute, and not despise their prayer...

Job 29:12 Because I delivered the poor that cried, and the fatherless, and him that had none to help him.

Isaiah 41:17 When the poor and needy seek water, and there is none, and their tongue fails for thirst, I the LORD will hear them...

Luke 4:18 The Spirit of the Lord is on me, because he has anointed me to preach the gospel to the poor; he has sent me to heal the brokenhearted...

Luke 7:22 Then Jesus answering said to them, Go your way, and tell John what things you have seen and heard; how that the blind see...

2 Corinthians 8:9 For you know the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, that, though he was rich, yet for your sakes he became poor...

Hebrews 7:25 Why he is able also to save them to the uttermost that come to God by him, seeing he ever lives to make intercession for them.

Revelation 3:17,18 Because you say, I am rich, and increased with goods, and have need of nothing; and know not that you are wretched, and miserable...

him

Ecclesiastes 4:1 So I returned, and considered all the oppressions that are done under the sun: and behold the tears of such as were oppressed...

Isaiah 63:4,5 For the day of vengeance is in my heart, and the year of my redeemed is come...

Cross References
2 Samuel 22:28
You save a humble people, but your eyes are on the haughty to bring them down.

Job 29:12
because I delivered the poor who cried for help, and the fatherless who had none to help him.

Psalm 10:8
He sits in ambush in the villages; in hiding places he murders the innocent. His eyes stealthily watch for the helpless;

Psalm 18:27
For you save a humble people, but the haughty eyes you bring down.

Psalm 22:11
Be not far from me, for trouble is near, and there is none to help.

Psalm 72:4
May he defend the cause of the poor of the people, give deliverance to the children of the needy, and crush the oppressor!

Psalm 107:12
So he bowed their hearts down with hard labor; they fell down, with none to help.

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