Psalm 72:9
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
May desert tribes bow down before him, and his enemies lick the dust!

King James Bible
They that dwell in the wilderness shall bow before him; and his enemies shall lick the dust.

American Standard Version
They that dwell in the wilderness shall bow before him; And his enemies shall lick the dust.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Before him the Ethiopians shall fall down: and his enemies shall lick the ground.

English Revised Version
They that dwell in the wilderness shall bow before him; and his enemies shall lick the dust.

Webster's Bible Translation
They that dwell in the wilderness shall bow before him; and his enemies shall lick the dust.

Psalm 72:9 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The name of God, occurring only once, is Elohim; and this is sufficient to stamp the Psalm as an Elohimic Psalm. מלך (cf. Psalm 21:2) and בּן־מלך are only used without the article according to a poetical usage of the language. The petition itself, and even the position of the words, show that the king's son is present, and that he is king; God is implored to bestow upon him His משׁפּטים, i.e., the rights or legal powers belonging to Him, the God of Israel, and צדקה, i.e., the official gift in order that he may exercise those rights in accordance with divine righteousness. After the supplicatory teen the futures which now follow, without the Waw apodoseos, are manifestly optatives. Mountains and hills describe synecdochically the whole land of which they are the high points visible afar off. נשׂא is used in the sense of נשׂא פּרי Ezekiel 17:8 : may שׁלום be the fruit which ripens upon every mountain and hill; universal prosperity satisfied and contented within itself. The predicate for Psalm 72:3 is to be taken from Psalm 72:3, just as, on the other hand, בּצדקה, "in or by righteousness," the fruit of which is indeed peace (Isaiah 32:17), belongs also to Psalm 72:3; so that consequently both members supplement one another. The wish of the poet is this: By righteousness, may there in due season be such peaceful fruit adorning all the heights of the land. Psalm 72:3, however, always makes one feel as though a verb were wanting, like תּפרחנה suggested by Bttcher. In Psalm 72:4 the wishes are continued in plain unfigurative language. הושׁיע in the signification to save, to obtain salvation for, has, as is frequently the case, a dative of the object. בּני־אביון are those who are born to poverty, just like בּן־מלך, one who is born a king. Those who are born to poverty are more or less regarded, by an unrighteous government, as having no rights.

Psalm 72:9 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

they that

1 Kings 9:18,20,21 And Baalath, and Tadmor in the wilderness, in the land...

Isaiah 35:1,2 The wilderness and the solitary place shall be glad for them; and the desert shall rejoice, and blossom as the rose...

his enemies

Psalm 2:9 You shall break them with a rod of iron; you shall dash them in pieces like a potter's vessel.

Psalm 21:8,9 Your hand shall find out all your enemies: your right hand shall find out those that hate you...

Psalm 110:1,6 The LORD said to my Lord, Sit you at my right hand, until I make your enemies your footstool...

Luke 19:27 But those my enemies, which would not that I should reign over them, bring here, and slay them before me.

lick

Isaiah 49:23 And kings shall be your nursing fathers, and their queens your nursing mothers...

Micah 7:17 They shall lick the dust like a serpent, they shall move out of their holes like worms of the earth...

Cross References
Psalm 22:29
All the prosperous of the earth eat and worship; before him shall bow all who go down to the dust, even the one who could not keep himself alive.

Psalm 74:14
You crushed the heads of Leviathan; you gave him as food for the creatures of the wilderness.

Isaiah 23:13
Behold the land of the Chaldeans! This is the people that was not; Assyria destined it for wild beasts. They erected their siege towers, they stripped her palaces bare, they made her a ruin.

Isaiah 49:23
Kings shall be your foster fathers, and their queens your nursing mothers. With their faces to the ground they shall bow down to you, and lick the dust of your feet. Then you will know that I am the LORD; those who wait for me shall not be put to shame."

Micah 7:17
they shall lick the dust like a serpent, like the crawling things of the earth; they shall come trembling out of their strongholds; they shall turn in dread to the LORD our God, and they shall be in fear of you.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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