Romans 10:19
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
But I ask, did Israel not understand? First Moses says, “I will make you jealous of those who are not a nation; with a foolish nation I will make you angry.”

King James Bible
But I say, Did not Israel know? First Moses saith, I will provoke you to jealousy by them that are no people, and by a foolish nation I will anger you.

American Standard Version
But I say, Did Israel not know? First Moses saith, I will provoke you to jealousy with that which is no nation, With a nation void of understanding will I anger you.

Douay-Rheims Bible
But I say: Hath not Israel known? First, Moses saith: I will provoke you to jealousy by that which is not a nation; by a foolish nation I will anger you.

English Revised Version
But I say, Did Israel not know? First Moses saith, I will provoke you to jealousy with that which is no nation, With a nation void of understanding will I anger you.

Webster's Bible Translation
But I say, Did not Israel know? First, Moses saith, I will provoke you to jealousy by them that are no people, and by a foolish nation I will anger you.

Weymouth New Testament
But again, did Israel fail to understand? Listen to Moses first. He says, "I will fire you with jealousy against a nation which is no nation, and with fury against a nation devoid of understanding."

Romans 10:19 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

Did Israel not know?

As in Romans 10:18, a negative answer is implied. "It is surely not true that Israel did not know." Did not know what? That the Gospel should go forth into all the earth. Moses and Isaiah had prophesied the conversion of the Gentiles, and Isaiah the opposition of the Jews thereto.

First Moses

First in order; the first who wrote.

I will provoke you to jealousy (ἐγὼ παραζηλώσω ὑμᾶς)

From Deuteronomy 32:21. See Romans 11:11, Romans 11:14; 1 Corinthians 10:22. Used only by Paul. The Septuagint has them instead of you.

By them that are no people (ἐπ' οὐκ ἔθνει)

Lit., upon a no-people. The relation expressed by the preposition is that of the no-people as forming the basis of the jealousy. The prediction is that Israel shall be conquered by an apparently inferior people. No-people as related to God's heritage, not that the Gentiles were inferior or insignificant in themselves. For people render nation, as Rev. See on 1 Peter 2:9.

By a foolish nation (ἐπὶ ἔθνει ἀσυνέτῳ)

Lit., upon a foolish nation as the basis of the exasperation. For foolish, see on Romans 1:21.

I will anger (παροργιὦ)

Or provoke to anger. The force of the compounded preposition παρά in this verb and in παραζηλώσω provoke to jealousy, seems to be driving to the side of something which by contact or comparison excites jealousy or anger.

Romans 10:19 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

I say.

Romans 10:18 But I say, Have they not heard? Yes truly, their sound went into all the earth, and their words to the ends of the world.

Romans 3:26 To declare, I say, at this time his righteousness: that he might be just, and the justifier of him which believes in Jesus.

1 Corinthians 1:12 Now this I say, that every one of you said, I am of Paul; and I of Apollos; and I of Cephas; and I of Christ.

1 Corinthians 7:29 But this I say, brothers, the time is short: it remains, that both they that have wives be as though they had none;

1 Corinthians 10:19 What say I then? that the idol is any thing, or that which is offered in sacrifice to idols is any thing?

1 Corinthians 11:22 What? have you not houses to eat and to drink in? or despise you the church of God, and shame them that have not?...

1 Corinthians 15:50 Now this I say, brothers, that flesh and blood cannot inherit the kingdom of God; neither does corruption inherit incorruption.

First.

Romans 11:11 I say then, Have they stumbled that they should fall? God forbid: but rather through their fall salvation is come to the Gentiles...

See on

Deuteronomy 32:21 They have moved me to jealousy with that which is not God; they have provoked me to anger with their vanities...

Hosea 2:23 And I will sow her to me in the earth; and I will have mercy on her that had not obtained mercy...

1 Peter 2:10 Which in time past were not a people, but are now the people of God: which had not obtained mercy, but now have obtained mercy.

foolish.

Romans 1:21,22 Because that, when they knew God, they glorified him not as God, neither were thankful; but became vain in their imaginations...

Psalm 115:5-8 They have mouths, but they speak not: eyes have they, but they see not...

Isaiah 44:18-20 They have not known nor understood: for he has shut their eyes, that they cannot see; and their hearts, that they cannot understand...

Jeremiah 10:8,14 But they are altogether brutish and foolish: the stock is a doctrine of vanities...

1 Corinthians 12:2 You know that you were Gentiles, carried away to these dumb idols, even as you were led.

Titus 3:3 For we ourselves also were sometimes foolish, disobedient, deceived, serving divers lusts and pleasures, living in malice and envy...

Cross References
Deuteronomy 32:21
They have made me jealous with what is no god; they have provoked me to anger with their idols. So I will make them jealous with those who are no people; I will provoke them to anger with a foolish nation.

Romans 11:11
So I ask, did they stumble in order that they might fall? By no means! Rather, through their trespass salvation has come to the Gentiles, so as to make Israel jealous.

Romans 11:14
in order somehow to make my fellow Jews jealous, and thus save some of them.

1 Peter 2:10
Once you were not a people, but now you are God's people; once you had not received mercy, but now you have received mercy.

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