Romans 12:19
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Beloved, never avenge yourselves, but leave it to the wrath of God, for it is written, “Vengeance is mine, I will repay, says the Lord.”

King James Bible
Dearly beloved, avenge not yourselves, but rather give place unto wrath: for it is written, Vengeance is mine; I will repay, saith the Lord.

American Standard Version
Avenge not yourselves, beloved, but give place unto the wrath of God : for it is written, Vengeance belongeth unto me; I will recompense, saith the Lord.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Revenge not yourselves, my dearly beloved; but give place unto wrath, for it is written: Revenge is mine, I will repay, saith the Lord.

English Revised Version
Avenge not yourselves, beloved, but give place unto wrath: for it is written, Vengeance belongeth unto me; I will recompense, saith the Lord.

Webster's Bible Translation
Dearly beloved, avenge not yourselves, but rather give place to wrath: for it is written, Vengeance is mine; I will repay, saith the Lord.

Weymouth New Testament
Do not be revengeful, my dear friends, but give way before anger; for it is written, "'Revenge belongs to Me: I will pay back,' says the Lord."

Romans 12:19 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

Give place unto wrath (δότε τόπον τῇ ὀργῇ)

Wrath has the article: the wrath, referring to the divine wrath. Give place is give room for it to work. Do not get in its way, as you will do by taking vengeance into your own hands. Hence as Rev., in margin, and American Rev., in text, give place unto the wrath of God.

Vengeance is mine (ἐμοὶ ἐκδίκησις)

Lit., unto Me is vengeance. The Rev. brings out better the force of the original: Vengeance belongeth unto Me. The quotation is from Deuteronomy 32:35. Hebrew, To me belongs vengeance and requital. Septuagint, In the day of vengeance I will requite. The antithesis between vengeance by God and by men is not found in Deuteronomy. Compare Hebrews 10:30. Dante, listening to Peter Damiano, who describes the abuses of the Church, hears a great cry. Beatrice says:

"The cry has startled thee so much,

In which, if thou hadst understood its prayers,

Already would be known to thee the vengeance

Which thou shalt look upon before thou diest.

The sword above here smiteth not in haste,

Nor tardily, howe'er it seem to him

Who, fearing or desiring, waits for it."

"Paradiso," xxii, 12-18.

Compare Plato: Socrates, "And what of doing evil in return for evil, which is the morality of the many - is that just or not? Crito, Not just. Socrates, For doing evil to another is the same as injuring him? Crito, Very true. Socrates, Then we ought not to retaliate or render evil for evil to any one, whatever evil we may have suffered from him.... This opinion has never been held, and never will be held by any considerable number of persons" ("Crito," 49). Epictetus, being asked how a man could injure his enemy, replied, "By living the best life himself." The idea of personal vindictiveness must be eliminated from the word here. It is rather full meting out of justice to all parties.

Romans 12:19 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

avenge.

Romans 12:14,17 Bless them which persecute you: bless, and curse not...

Leviticus 19:18 You shall not avenge, nor bear any grudge against the children of your people, but you shall love your neighbor as yourself...

1 Samuel 25:26,33 Now therefore, my lord, as the LORD lives, and as your soul lives, seeing the LORD has withheld you from coming to shed blood...

Proverbs 24:17-19,29 Rejoice not when your enemy falls, and let not your heart be glad when he stumbles...

Ezekiel 25:12 Thus said the Lord GOD; Because that Edom has dealt against the house of Judah by taking vengeance, and has greatly offended...

give.

Matthew 5:39 But I say to you, That you resist not evil: but whoever shall smite you on your right cheek, turn to him the other also.

Luke 6:27-29 But I say to you which hear, Love your enemies, do good to them which hate you...

Luke 9:55,56 But he turned, and rebuked them, and said, You know not what manner of spirit you are of...

Vengeance.

Romans 13:4 For he is the minister of God to you for good. But if you do that which is evil, be afraid; for he bears not the sword in vain...

Deuteronomy 32:35,43 To me belongs vengeance and recompense; their foot shall slide in due time: for the day of their calamity is at hand...

Psalm 94:1-3 O Lord God, to whom vengeance belongs; O God, to whom vengeance belongs, show yourself...

Nahum 1:2,3 God is jealous, and the LORD revenges; the LORD revenges, and is furious; the LORD will take vengeance on his adversaries...

Hebrews 10:30 For we know him that has said, Vengeance belongs to me, I will recompense, said the Lord. And again, The Lord shall judge his people.

Cross References
Leviticus 19:18
You shall not take vengeance or bear a grudge against the sons of your own people, but you shall love your neighbor as yourself: I am the LORD.

Deuteronomy 32:35
Vengeance is mine, and recompense, for the time when their foot shall slip; for the day of their calamity is at hand, and their doom comes swiftly.'

1 Samuel 26:10
And David said, "As the LORD lives, the LORD will strike him, or his day will come to die, or he will go down into battle and perish.

1 Samuel 26:11
The LORD forbid that I should put out my hand against the LORD's anointed. But take now the spear that is at his head and the jar of water, and let us go."

Psalm 94:1
O LORD, God of vengeance, O God of vengeance, shine forth!

Proverbs 20:22
Do not say, "I will repay evil"; wait for the LORD, and he will deliver you.

Proverbs 24:29
Do not say, "I will do to him as he has done to me; I will pay the man back for what he has done."

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