Romans 12:8
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
the one who exhorts, in his exhortation; the one who contributes, in generosity; the one who leads, with zeal; the one who does acts of mercy, with cheerfulness.

King James Bible
Or he that exhorteth, on exhortation: he that giveth, let him do it with simplicity; he that ruleth, with diligence; he that sheweth mercy, with cheerfulness.

American Standard Version
or he that exhorteth, to his exhorting: he that giveth, let him do it with liberality; he that ruleth, with diligence; he that showeth mercy, with cheerfulness.

Douay-Rheims Bible
He that exhorteth, in exhorting; he that giveth, with simplicity; he that ruleth, with carefulness; he that sheweth mercy, with cheerfulness.

English Revised Version
or he that exhorteth, to his exhorting: he that giveth, let him do it with liberality; he that ruleth, with diligence; he that sheweth mercy, with cheerfulness.

Webster's Bible Translation
Or he that exhorteth, on exhortation: he that giveth, let him do it with simplicity; he that ruleth, with diligence; he that showeth mercy, with cheerfulness.

Weymouth New Testament
The teacher must do the same in his teaching; and he who exhorts others, in his exhortation. He who gives should be liberal; he who is in authority should be energetic and alert; and he who succours the afflicted should do it cheerfully.

Romans 12:8 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

Exhortation

Aimed at the heart and will. See on consolation, Luke 6:24. Compare 1 Corinthians 14:3; Acts 4:36, where Rev. gives son of exhortation.

He that giveth (ὁ μεταδιδοὺς)

Earthly possessions. The preposition μετά indicates sharing with. He that imparteth. Compare Ephesians 4:28; Luke 3:11.

Simplicity (ἁπλότητι)

See on single, Matthew 6:22, and compare James 1:5, where it is said that God gives ἁπλῶς simply. See note there. In 2 Corinthians 8:2; 2 Corinthians 9:11, 2 Corinthians 9:13, the A.V. gives liberality; and in James 1:5, liberally. Rev. accepts this in the last-named passage, but gives singleness in margin. In all the others liberality is, at best, very doubtful. The sense is unusual, and the rendering simplicity or singleness is defensible in all the passages.

He that ruleth (ὁ προΐ́στάμενος)

Lit., he that is placed in front. The reference is to any position involving superintendence. No special ecclesiastical office is meant. Compare Titus 3:8, to maintain good works; the idea of presiding over running into that of carrying on or practicing. See note there. Compare also προστάτις succorer, Romans 16:2, and see note.

With diligence (ἐν σπουδῇ)

See on Jde 1:3. In Mark 6:25; Luke 1:39, it is rendered haste. In 2 Corinthians 7:11, carefulness (Rev., earnest care). In 2 Corinthians 7:12, care (Rev., earnest care). In 2 Corinthians 8:8, forwardness (Rev., earnestness). In 2 Corinthians 8:16, earnest care.

With cheerfulness (ἐν ἱλαρότητι)

Only here in the New Testament. It reappears in the Latin hilaritas; English, hilarity, exhilarate. "The joyful eagerness, the amiable grace, the affability going the length of gayety, which make the visitor a sunbeam penetrating into the sick-chamber, and to the heart of the afflicted."

Romans 12:8 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

exhorteth.

Acts 13:15 And after the reading of the law and the prophets the rulers of the synagogue sent to them, saying, You men and brothers...

Acts 15:32 And Judas and Silas, being prophets also themselves, exhorted the brothers with many words, and confirmed them.

Acts 20:2 And when he had gone over those parts, and had given them much exhortation, he came into Greece,

1 Corinthians 14:3 But he that prophesies speaks to men to edification, and exhortation, and comfort.

1 Thessalonians 2:3 For our exhortation was not of deceit, nor of uncleanness, nor in guile:

1 Timothy 4:13 Till I come, give attendance to reading, to exhortation, to doctrine.

Hebrews 10:25 Not forsaking the assembling of ourselves together, as the manner of some is; but exhorting one another: and so much the more...

Hebrews 13:22 And I beseech you, brothers, suffer the word of exhortation: for I have written a letter to you in few words.

giveth. or, imparteth.

Romans 12:13 Distributing to the necessity of saints; given to hospitality.

Deuteronomy 15:8-11,14 But you shall open your hand wide to him, and shall surely lend him sufficient for his need, in that which he wants...

Job 31:16-20 If I have withheld the poor from their desire, or have caused the eyes of the widow to fail...

Psalm 112:9 He has dispersed, he has given to the poor; his righteousness endures for ever; his horn shall be exalted with honor.

Proverbs 22:9 He that has a bountiful eye shall be blessed; for he gives of his bread to the poor.

Ecclesiastes 11:1,2,6 Cast your bread on the waters: for you shall find it after many days...

Isaiah 32:5,8 The vile person shall be no more called liberal, nor the churl said to be bountiful...

Isaiah 58:7-11 Is it not to deal your bread to the hungry, and that you bring the poor that are cast out to your house? when you see the naked...

Matthew 6:2-4 Therefore when you do your alms, do not sound a trumpet before you, as the hypocrites do in the synagogues and in the streets...

Matthew 25:40 And the King shall answer and say to them, Truly I say to you, Inasmuch as you have done it to one of the least of these my brothers...

Luke 21:1-4 And he looked up, and saw the rich men casting their gifts into the treasury...

Acts 2:44-46 And all that believed were together, and had all things common...

Acts 4:33-35 And with great power gave the apostles witness of the resurrection of the Lord Jesus: and great grace was on them all...

Acts 11:28-30 And there stood up one of them named Agabus, and signified by the Spirit that there should be great dearth throughout all the world...

2 Corinthians 8:1-9,12 Moreover, brothers, we do you to wit of the grace of God bestowed on the churches of Macedonia...

1 Thessalonians 2:8 So being affectionately desirous of you, we were willing to have imparted to you, not the gospel of God only, but also our own souls...

1 Peter 4:9-11 Use hospitality one to another without grudging...

with simplicity. or, liberally.

2 Corinthians 1:12 For our rejoicing is this, the testimony of our conscience, that in simplicity and godly sincerity, not with fleshly wisdom...

2 Corinthians 8:2 How that in a great trial of affliction the abundance of their joy and their deep poverty abounded to the riches of their liberality.

2 Corinthians 11:3 But I fear, lest by any means, as the serpent beguiled Eve through his subtlety...

Ephesians 6:5 Servants, be obedient to them that are your masters according to the flesh, with fear and trembling, in singleness of your heart...

Colossians 3:22 Servants, obey in all things your masters according to the flesh; not with eye-service, as men pleasers; but in singleness of heart...

ruleth.

Romans 13:6 For for this cause pay you tribute also: for they are God's ministers, attending continually on this very thing.

Genesis 18:19 For I know him, that he will command his children and his household after him, and they shall keep the way of the LORD...

Psalm 101:1-8 I will sing of mercy and judgment: to you, O LORD, will I sing...

Acts 13:12 Then the deputy, when he saw what was done, believed, being astonished at the doctrine of the Lord.

Acts 20:28 Take heed therefore to yourselves, and to all the flock, over the which the Holy Ghost has made you overseers...

1 Corinthians 12:28 And God has set some in the church, first apostles, secondarily prophets, thirdly teachers, after that miracles, then gifts of healings...

1 Thessalonians 5:12-14 And we beseech you, brothers, to know them which labor among you, and are over you in the Lord, and admonish you...

1 Timothy 3:4,5 One that rules well his own house, having his children in subjection with all gravity...

1 Timothy 5:17 Let the elders that rule well be counted worthy of double honor, especially they who labor in the word and doctrine.

Hebrews 13:7,17,24 Remember them which have the rule over you, who have spoken to you the word of God: whose faith follow...

1 Peter 5:2,3 Feed the flock of God which is among you, taking the oversight thereof, not by constraint, but willingly; not for filthy lucre...

with diligence.

Ecclesiastes 9:10 Whatever your hand finds to do, do it with your might; for there is no work, nor device, nor knowledge, nor wisdom, in the grave...

shewth.

Deuteronomy 16:11,14,15 And you shall rejoice before the LORD your God, you, and your son, and your daughter, and your manservant, and your maidservant...

Psalm 37:21 The wicked borrows, and pays not again: but the righteous shows mercy, and gives.

Isaiah 64:5 You meet him that rejoices and works righteousness, those that remember you in your ways: behold, you are wroth; for we have sinned...

2 Corinthians 9:7 Every man according as he purposes in his heart, so let him give; not grudgingly, or of necessity: for God loves a cheerful giver.

Cross References
Acts 4:36
Thus Joseph, who was also called by the apostles Barnabas (which means son of encouragement), a Levite, a native of Cyprus,

Acts 11:23
When he came and saw the grace of God, he was glad, and he exhorted them all to remain faithful to the Lord with steadfast purpose,

Acts 13:15
After the reading from the Law and the Prophets, the rulers of the synagogue sent a message to them, saying, "Brothers, if you have any word of encouragement for the people, say it."

1 Corinthians 12:28
And God has appointed in the church first apostles, second prophets, third teachers, then miracles, then gifts of healing, helping, administrating, and various kinds of tongues.

2 Corinthians 8:2
for in a severe test of affliction, their abundance of joy and their extreme poverty have overflowed in a wealth of generosity on their part.

2 Corinthians 9:7
Each one must give as he has decided in his heart, not reluctantly or under compulsion, for God loves a cheerful giver.

2 Corinthians 9:11
You will be enriched in every way to be generous in every way, which through us will produce thanksgiving to God.

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Acts Afflicted Aid Alert Authority Comforting Contributing Diligence Diligently Encourage Encouraging Exhortation Exhorting Freely Generously Gives Govern Joy Leads Liberality Mercy Mind Needs Others Power Rules Ruleth Ruling Serious Sharing Sheweth Shews Showeth Showing Shows Simplicity Teacher Teaching Zeal
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