Romans 12:8
Parallel Verses
New International Version
if it is to encourage, then give encouragement; if it is giving, then give generously; if it is to lead, do it diligently; if it is to show mercy, do it cheerfully.

King James Bible
Or he that exhorteth, on exhortation: he that giveth, let him do it with simplicity; he that ruleth, with diligence; he that sheweth mercy, with cheerfulness.

Darby Bible Translation
or he that exhorts, in exhortation; he that gives, in simplicity; he that leads, with diligence; he that shews mercy, with cheerfulness.

World English Bible
or he who exhorts, to his exhorting: he who gives, let him do it with liberality; he who rules, with diligence; he who shows mercy, with cheerfulness.

Young's Literal Translation
or he who is exhorting -- 'In the exhortation!' he who is sharing -- 'In simplicity!' he who is leading -- 'In diligence?' he who is doing kindness -- 'In cheerfulness.'

Romans 12:8 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Or he that exhorteth - Ὁ παρακαλων, The person who admonished and reprehended the unruly or disorderly; and who supported the weak and comforted the penitents, and those who were under heaviness through manifold temptations.

He that giveth - He who distributeth the alms of the Church, with simplicity - being influenced by no partiality, but dividing to each according to the necessity of his case.

He that ruleth - Ὁ προΐσταμενος, He that presides over a particular business; but as the verb προΐσταμαι also signifies to defend or patronize, it is probably used here to signify receiving and providing for strangers, and especially the persecuted who were obliged to leave their own homes, and were destitute, afflicted, and tormented. It might also imply the persons whose business it was to receive and entertain the apostolical teachers who traveled from place to place, establishing and confirming the Churches. In this sense the word προστατις is applied to Phoebe, Romans 16:2 : She hath been a Succorer of many, and of myself also. The apostle directs that this office should be executed with diligence, that such destitute persons should have their necessities as promptly and as amply supplied as possible.

He that showeth mercy - Let the person who is called to perform any act of compassion or mercy to the wretched do it, not grudgingly nor of necessity, but from a spirit of pure benevolence and sympathy. The poor are often both wicked and worthless: and, if those who are called to minister to them as stewards, overseers, etc., do not take care, they will get their hearts hardened with the frequent proofs they will have of deception, lying, idleness, etc. And on this account it is that so many of those who have been called to minister to the poor in parishes, workhouses, and religious societies, when they come to relinquish their employment find that many of their moral feelings have been considerably blunted; and perhaps the only reward they get for their services is the character of being hard-hearted. If whatever is done in this way be not done unto the Lord, it can never be done with cheerfulness.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

exhorteth.

Acts 13:15 And after the reading of the law and the prophets the rulers of the synagogue sent to them, saying, You men and brothers...

Acts 15:32 And Judas and Silas, being prophets also themselves, exhorted the brothers with many words, and confirmed them.

Acts 20:2 And when he had gone over those parts, and had given them much exhortation, he came into Greece,

1 Corinthians 14:3 But he that prophesies speaks to men to edification, and exhortation, and comfort.

1 Thessalonians 2:3 For our exhortation was not of deceit, nor of uncleanness, nor in guile:

1 Timothy 4:13 Till I come, give attendance to reading, to exhortation, to doctrine.

Hebrews 10:25 Not forsaking the assembling of ourselves together, as the manner of some is; but exhorting one another: and so much the more...

Hebrews 13:22 And I beseech you, brothers, suffer the word of exhortation: for I have written a letter to you in few words.

giveth. or, imparteth.

Romans 12:13 Distributing to the necessity of saints; given to hospitality.

Deuteronomy 15:8-11,14 But you shall open your hand wide to him, and shall surely lend him sufficient for his need, in that which he wants...

Job 31:16-20 If I have withheld the poor from their desire, or have caused the eyes of the widow to fail...

Psalm 112:9 He has dispersed, he has given to the poor; his righteousness endures for ever; his horn shall be exalted with honor.

Proverbs 22:9 He that has a bountiful eye shall be blessed; for he gives of his bread to the poor.

Ecclesiastes 11:1,2,6 Cast your bread on the waters: for you shall find it after many days...

Isaiah 32:5,8 The vile person shall be no more called liberal, nor the churl said to be bountiful...

Isaiah 58:7-11 Is it not to deal your bread to the hungry, and that you bring the poor that are cast out to your house? when you see the naked...

Matthew 6:2-4 Therefore when you do your alms, do not sound a trumpet before you, as the hypocrites do in the synagogues and in the streets...

Matthew 25:40 And the King shall answer and say to them, Truly I say to you, Inasmuch as you have done it to one of the least of these my brothers...

Luke 21:1-4 And he looked up, and saw the rich men casting their gifts into the treasury...

Acts 2:44-46 And all that believed were together, and had all things common...

Acts 4:33-35 And with great power gave the apostles witness of the resurrection of the Lord Jesus: and great grace was on them all...

Acts 11:28-30 And there stood up one of them named Agabus, and signified by the Spirit that there should be great dearth throughout all the world...

2 Corinthians 8:1-9,12 Moreover, brothers, we do you to wit of the grace of God bestowed on the churches of Macedonia...

1 Thessalonians 2:8 So being affectionately desirous of you, we were willing to have imparted to you, not the gospel of God only, but also our own souls...

1 Peter 4:9-11 Use hospitality one to another without grudging...

with simplicity. or, liberally.

2 Corinthians 1:12 For our rejoicing is this, the testimony of our conscience, that in simplicity and godly sincerity, not with fleshly wisdom...

2 Corinthians 8:2 How that in a great trial of affliction the abundance of their joy and their deep poverty abounded to the riches of their liberality.

2 Corinthians 11:3 But I fear, lest by any means, as the serpent beguiled Eve through his subtlety...

Ephesians 6:5 Servants, be obedient to them that are your masters according to the flesh, with fear and trembling, in singleness of your heart...

Colossians 3:22 Servants, obey in all things your masters according to the flesh; not with eye-service, as men pleasers; but in singleness of heart...

ruleth.

Romans 13:6 For for this cause pay you tribute also: for they are God's ministers, attending continually on this very thing.

Genesis 18:19 For I know him, that he will command his children and his household after him, and they shall keep the way of the LORD...

Psalm 101:1-8 I will sing of mercy and judgment: to you, O LORD, will I sing...

Acts 13:12 Then the deputy, when he saw what was done, believed, being astonished at the doctrine of the Lord.

Acts 20:28 Take heed therefore to yourselves, and to all the flock, over the which the Holy Ghost has made you overseers...

1 Corinthians 12:28 And God has set some in the church, first apostles, secondarily prophets, thirdly teachers, after that miracles, then gifts of healings...

1 Thessalonians 5:12-14 And we beseech you, brothers, to know them which labor among you, and are over you in the Lord, and admonish you...

1 Timothy 3:4,5 One that rules well his own house, having his children in subjection with all gravity...

1 Timothy 5:17 Let the elders that rule well be counted worthy of double honor, especially they who labor in the word and doctrine.

Hebrews 13:7,17,24 Remember them which have the rule over you, who have spoken to you the word of God: whose faith follow...

1 Peter 5:2,3 Feed the flock of God which is among you, taking the oversight thereof, not by constraint, but willingly; not for filthy lucre...

with diligence.

Ecclesiastes 9:10 Whatever your hand finds to do, do it with your might; for there is no work, nor device, nor knowledge, nor wisdom, in the grave...

shewth.

Deuteronomy 16:11,14,15 And you shall rejoice before the LORD your God, you, and your son, and your daughter, and your manservant, and your maidservant...

Psalm 37:21 The wicked borrows, and pays not again: but the righteous shows mercy, and gives.

Isaiah 64:5 You meet him that rejoices and works righteousness, those that remember you in your ways: behold, you are wroth; for we have sinned...

2 Corinthians 9:7 Every man according as he purposes in his heart, so let him give; not grudgingly, or of necessity: for God loves a cheerful giver.

Library
A Reasonable Service
TEXT: "I beseech you therefore, brethren, by the mercies of God, that ye present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable unto God, which is your reasonable service."--Romans 12:1. There is perhaps no chapter in the New Testament, certainly none in this epistle, with which we are more familiar than this one which is introduced by the text; and yet, however familiar we may be with the statements, if we read them carefully and study them honestly they must always come to us not only in the
J. Wilbur Chapman—And Judas Iscariot

April 6. "As we have Many Members in one Body, So we Being Many are one Body in Christ" (Rom. xii. 4, 5).
"As we have many members in one body, so we being many are one body in Christ" (Rom. xii. 4, 5). Sometimes our communion with God is cut off, or interrupted because of something wrong with a brother, or some lack of unity in the body of Christ. We try to get at the Lord, but we cannot, because we are separated from some member of the Lord's body, or because there is not the freedom of His love flowing through every organic part. It does not need a blow upon the head to paralyze the brain; a blow
Rev. A. B. Simpson—Days of Heaven Upon Earth

Another Triplet of Graces
'Rejoicing in hope; patient in tribulation; continuing instant in prayer.'--ROMANS xii. 12. These three closely connected clauses occur, as you all know, in the midst of that outline of the Christian life with which the Apostle begins the practical part of this Epistle. Now, what he omits in this sketch of Christian duty seems to me quite as significant as what he inserts. It is very remarkable that in the twenty verses devoted to this subject, this is the only one which refers to the inner secrets
Alexander Maclaren—Romans, Corinthians (To II Corinthians, Chap. V)

Still Another Triplet
'Be of the same mind one toward another. Set not your mind on high things, but condescend to things that are lowly. Be not wise in your own conceits.'--Romans xii. 16 (R.V.). We have here again the same triple arrangement which has prevailed through a considerable portion of the context. These three exhortations are linked together by a verbal resemblance which can scarcely be preserved in translation. In the two former the same verb is employed: and in the third the word for 'wise' is cognate with
Alexander Maclaren—Romans, Corinthians (To II Corinthians, Chap. V)

Cross References
Acts 4:36
Joseph, a Levite from Cyprus, whom the apostles called Barnabas (which means "son of encouragement"),

Acts 11:23
When he arrived and saw what the grace of God had done, he was glad and encouraged them all to remain true to the Lord with all their hearts.

Acts 13:15
After the reading from the Law and the Prophets, the leaders of the synagogue sent word to them, saying, "Brothers, if you have a word of exhortation for the people, please speak."

1 Corinthians 12:28
And God has placed in the church first of all apostles, second prophets, third teachers, then miracles, then gifts of healing, of helping, of guidance, and of different kinds of tongues.

2 Corinthians 8:2
In the midst of a very severe trial, their overflowing joy and their extreme poverty welled up in rich generosity.

2 Corinthians 9:7
Each of you should give what you have decided in your heart to give, not reluctantly or under compulsion, for God loves a cheerful giver.

2 Corinthians 9:11
You will be enriched in every way so that you can be generous on every occasion, and through us your generosity will result in thanksgiving to God.

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Acts Afflicted Aid Alert Authority Comforting Contributing Diligence Diligently Encourage Encouraging Exhortation Exhorting Freely Generously Gives Govern Joy Leads Liberality Mercy Mind Needs Others Power Rules Ruleth Ruling Serious Sharing Sheweth Shews Showeth Showing Shows Simplicity Teacher Teaching Zeal
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Acts Afflicted Aid Alert Authority Comforting Contributing Diligence Diligently Encourage Encouraging Exhortation Exhorting Freely Generously Gives Govern Joy Leads Liberality Mercy Mind Needs Others Power Rules Ruleth Ruling Serious Sharing Sheweth Shews Showeth Showing Shows Simplicity Teacher Teaching Zeal
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