Romans 4:12
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
and to make him the father of the circumcised who are not merely circumcised but who also walk in the footsteps of the faith that our father Abraham had before he was circumcised.

King James Bible
And the father of circumcision to them who are not of the circumcision only, but who also walk in the steps of that faith of our father Abraham, which he had being yet uncircumcised.

American Standard Version
and the father of circumcision to them who not only are of the circumcision, but who also walk in the steps of that faith of our father Abraham which he had in uncircumcision.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And might be the father of circumcision; not to them only, that are of the circumcision, but to them also that follow the steps of the faithful, that is in the uncircumcision of our father Abraham.

English Revised Version
and the father of circumcision to them who not only are of the circumcision, but who also walk in the steps of that faith of our father Abraham which he had in uncircumcision.

Webster's Bible Translation
And the father of circumcision to them who are not of the circumcision only, but who also walk in the steps of that faith of our father Abraham which he had being yet uncircumcised.

Weymouth New Testament
and the forefather of the circumcised, namely of those who not merely are circumcised, but also walk in the steps of the faith which our forefather Abraham had while he was as yet uncircumcised.

Romans 4:12 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

Father of circumcision

Of circumcised persons. The abstract term is used for the concrete. See on Romans 11:7.

Who not only are - but who also walk

Apparently Paul speaks of two classes, but really of but one, designated by two different attributes. The awkwardness arises from the article τοῖς, erroneously repeated with στοιχοῦσιν walk, which latter word expresses an added characteristic, not another class. Paul means that Abraham received a seal, etc., that he might be the father of circumcision to those who not only are circumcised, but who add to this outward sign the faith which Abraham exhibited.

Walk (στοιχοῦσιν)

See on elements, 2 Peter 3:10.

Romans 4:12 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

to them.

Romans 9:6,7 Not as though the word of God has taken none effect. For they are not all Israel, which are of Israel...

Matthew 3:9 And think not to say within yourselves, We have Abraham to our father: for I say to you...

Luke 16:23-31 And in hell he lift up his eyes, being in torments, and sees Abraham afar off, and Lazarus in his bosom...

John 8:39,40 They answered and said to him, Abraham is our father. Jesus said to them, If you were Abraham's children...

Galatians 4:22-31 For it is written, that Abraham had two sons, the one by a female slave, the other by a free woman...

in the steps.

Job 33:11 He puts my feet in the stocks, he marks all my paths.

Proverbs 2:20 That you may walk in the way of good men, and keep the paths of the righteous.

Songs 1:8 If you know not, O you fairest among women, go your way forth by the footsteps of the flock...

2 Corinthians 12:18 I desired Titus, and with him I sent a brother. Did Titus make a gain of you? walked we not in the same spirit?...

1 Peter 2:21 For even hereunto were you called: because Christ also suffered for us, leaving us an example, that you should follow his steps:

Cross References
Psalm 47:9
The princes of the peoples gather as the people of the God of Abraham. For the shields of the earth belong to God; he is highly exalted!

Ezekiel 33:24
"Son of man, the inhabitants of these waste places in the land of Israel keep saying, 'Abraham was only one man, yet he got possession of the land; but we are many; the land is surely given us to possess.'

Romans 4:11
He received the sign of circumcision as a seal of the righteousness that he had by faith while he was still uncircumcised. The purpose was to make him the father of all who believe without being circumcised, so that righteousness would be counted to them as well,

Romans 4:13
For the promise to Abraham and his offspring that he would be heir of the world did not come through the law but through the righteousness of faith.

2 Corinthians 12:18
I urged Titus to go, and sent the brother with him. Did Titus take advantage of you? Did we not act in the same spirit? Did we not take the same steps?

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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