Song of Solomon 5:10
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
My beloved is radiant and ruddy, distinguished among ten thousand.

King James Bible
My beloved is white and ruddy, the chiefest among ten thousand.

American Standard Version
My beloved is white and ruddy, The chiefest among ten thousand.

Douay-Rheims Bible
My beloved is white and ruddy, chosen out of thousands.

English Revised Version
My beloved is white and ruddy, the chiefest among ten thousand.

Webster's Bible Translation
My beloved is white and ruddy, the chief among ten thousand.

Song of Solomon 5:10 Parallel
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

4 My beloved stretched his hand through the opening,

   And my heart was moved for him.


(Note: Cf. the Arab. ghawr (ghôr), as a sinking of the earth, and khawr (khôr), as a breaking through, and, as it were, a piercing. The mouth of a river is also called khôr, because there the sea breaks into the riv.)

from the verb חוּר, in the sense of to break through (R. חר, whence also חרז, Sol 1:10, and חרם, Arab. kharam, part. broken through, e.g., of a lattice-window), signifies foramen, a hole, also caverna (whence the name of the Troglodytes, חרי, and the Haurn, חורן), here the loophole in the door above (like khawkht, the little door for the admission of individuals in the street or house-door). It does not properly mean a window, but a part of the door pierced through at the upper part of the lock of the door (the door-bolt). מן־החור is understood from the standpoint of one who is within; "by the opening from without to within," thus "through the opening;" stretching his hand through the door-opening as if to open the door, if possible, by the pressing back of the lock from within, he shows how greatly he longed after Shulamith. And she was again very deeply moved when she perceived this longing, which she had so coldly responded to: the interior of her body, with the organs which, after the bibl. idea, are the seat of the tenderest emotions, or rather, in which they reflect themselves, both such as are agreeable and such as are sorrowful, groaned within her, - an expression of deep sympathy so common, that "the sounding of the bowels," Isaiah 63:15, an expression used, and that anthropopathically of God Himself, is a direct designation of sympathy or inner participation. The phrase here wavers between עליו and עלי (thus, e.g., Nissel, 1662). Both forms are admissible. It is true we say elsewhere only naphshi 'ālai, ruhi 'ālai, libbi 'ālai, for the Ego distinguishes itself from its substance (cf. System d. bibl. Psychologie, p. 151f.); meai 'alai, instead of bi (בּקרבּ), would, however, be also explained from this, that the bowels are meant, not anatomically, but as psychical organs. But the old translators (lxx, Targ., Syr., Jerome, Venet.) rendered עליו, which rests on later MS authority (vid., Norzi, and de Rossi), and is also more appropriate: her bowels are stirred, viz., over him, i.e., on account of him (Alkabez: בעבורו). As she will now open to him, she is inwardly more ashamed, as he has come so full of love and longing to make her glad.

Song of Solomon 5:10 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge


Songs 2:1 I am the rose of Sharon, and the lily of the valleys.

Deuteronomy 32:31 For their rock is not as our Rock, even our enemies themselves being judges.

Psalm 45:17 I will make your name to be remembered in all generations: therefore shall the people praise you for ever and ever.

Isaiah 66:19 And I will set a sign among them, and I will send those that escape of them to the nations, to Tarshish, Pul, and Lud...

Hebrews 7:26 For such an high priest became us, who is holy, harmless, undefiled, separate from sinners, and made higher than the heavens;

the chiefest or standard bearer

Isaiah 10:18 And shall consume the glory of his forest, and of his fruitful field, both soul and body...

Isaiah 59:19 So shall they fear the name of the LORD from the west, and his glory from the rising of the sun...

Romans 9:5 Whose are the fathers, and of whom as concerning the flesh Christ came, who is over all, God blessed for ever. Amen.

Philippians 2:9-11 Why God also has highly exalted him, and given him a name which is above every name...

Colossians 1:18 And he is the head of the body, the church: who is the beginning, the firstborn from the dead...

Hebrews 2:10 For it became him, for whom are all things, and by whom are all things, in bringing many sons to glory...

Cross References
1 Samuel 16:12
And he sent and brought him in. Now he was ruddy and had beautiful eyes and was handsome. And the LORD said, "Arise, anoint him, for this is he."

Psalm 45:2
You are the most handsome of the sons of men; grace is poured upon your lips; therefore God has blessed you forever.

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