Song of Solomon 5:10
New International Version
My beloved is radiant and ruddy, outstanding among ten thousand.

New Living Translation
My lover is dark and dazzling, better than ten thousand others!

English Standard Version
My beloved is radiant and ruddy, distinguished among ten thousand.

Berean Study Bible
My beloved is dazzling and ruddy, outstanding among ten thousand.

King James Bible
My beloved is white and ruddy, the chiefest among ten thousand.

New King James Version
My beloved is white and ruddy, Chief among ten thousand.

New American Standard Bible
“My beloved is dazzling and reddish, Outstanding among ten thousand.

NASB 1995
“My beloved is dazzling and ruddy, Outstanding among ten thousand.

NASB 1977
“My beloved is dazzling and ruddy, Outstanding among ten thousand.

Amplified Bible
“My beloved is exquisitely handsome and ruddy, Outstanding among ten thousand.

Christian Standard Bible
My love is fit and strong, notable among ten thousand.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
My love is fit and strong, notable among ten thousand.

American Standard Version
My beloved is white and ruddy, The chiefest among ten thousand.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
My beloved is white and blood red, and choice of ten thousand

Brenton Septuagint Translation
My kinsman is white and ruddy, chosen out from myriads.

Contemporary English Version
He is handsome and healthy, the most outstanding among ten thousand.

Douay-Rheims Bible
My beloved is white and ruddy, chosen out of thousands.

English Revised Version
My beloved is white and ruddy, the chiefest among ten thousand.

Good News Translation
My lover is handsome and strong; he is one in ten thousand.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
My beloved is dazzling yet ruddy. He stands out among 10,000 men.

International Standard Version
My beloved is dazzling, with a dark and healthy complexion, outstanding among ten thousand.

JPS Tanakh 1917
My beloved is white and ruddy, Pre-eminent above ten thousand.

Literal Standard Version
My beloved [is] clear and ruddy, Conspicuous above a myriad!

NET Bible
My beloved is dazzling and ruddy; he stands out in comparison to all other men.

New Heart English Bible
My beloved is radiant and tan. The best among ten thousand.

World English Bible
My beloved is white and ruddy. The best among ten thousand.

Young's Literal Translation
My beloved is clear and ruddy, Conspicuous above a myriad!

Additional Translations ...
Context
The Bride and Her Beloved
9How is your beloved better than others, O most beautiful among women? How is your beloved better than another, that you charge us so? 10My beloved is dazzling and ruddy, outstanding among ten thousand. 11His head is purest gold; his hair is wavy and black as a raven.…

Cross References
1 Samuel 16:12
So Jesse sent for his youngest son and brought him in. He was ruddy, with beautiful eyes and a handsome appearance. And the LORD said, "Rise and anoint him, for he is the one."

Psalm 45:2
You are the most handsome of men; grace has anointed your lips, since God has blessed you forever.


Treasury of Scripture

My beloved is white and ruddy, the most chief among ten thousand.

beloved

Song of Solomon 2:1
I am the rose of Sharon, and the lily of the valleys.

Deuteronomy 32:31
For their rock is not as our Rock, even our enemies themselves being judges.

Psalm 45:17
I will make thy name to be remembered in all generations: therefore shall the people praise thee for ever and ever.

the chiefest or standard bearer

Isaiah 10:18
And shall consume the glory of his forest, and of his fruitful field, both soul and body: and they shall be as when a standardbearer fainteth.

Isaiah 59:19
So shall they fear the name of the LORD from the west, and his glory from the rising of the sun. When the enemy shall come in like a flood, the Spirit of the LORD shall lift up a standard against him.

Romans 9:5
Whose are the fathers, and of whom as concerning the flesh Christ came, who is over all, God blessed for ever. Amen.









(10) Chiefest.--Marg., a standard bearer; Heb. dag-l, participle of a word occurring in Psalm 20:5, where the Authorised Version gives "we will set up our banners."

Verse 10. - My beloved is white and ruddy, the chiefest among ten thousand. The mingling of colours in the countenance is a peculiar excellence. The word tsach, from the root tsahach (cf. Lamentations 4:7), means a bright, shining clearness; it is not the same as lavan, which would mean "dead white." So in Greek λαμπρὸς differs from λεῦκος. The red adhom, from the root dam, which means "to condense," is dark red (rouge puce), no doubt as betokening health and vigour. The pure, delicate white among the Caucasians denotes high rank, superior training, hereditary nobility, as among ourselves the "aristocratic paleness" (cf. Hom., 'I1,' 4:141, "ivory with purple;" Virg., 'AEn.,' 12:65; Ovid, 'Am.,' 2; ' Eleg.,' 5:39; Hor., Od., 1:13, etc.; Tibull., 'Eleg.,' ext. 4, etc.). The chiefest, that is, the distinguished one, the chosen (so the Greek versions, Syriac, Jerome, Luther). The LXX. has ἐκλελοξισμένος, e cohorte selectus. Another rendering is "bannered," furnished with a banner or pennon (דֶּגֶל) hence the word דָּגוּל as a past participle (so the Venetian σεσημαιωμένος). The numeral (revava) "ten thousand" is simply used to represent an innumerable multitude; "myriad" is so used among ourselves (cf. Ezekiel 16:7).

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
My beloved
דּוֹדִ֥י (dō·w·ḏî)
Noun - masculine singular construct | first person common singular
Strong's 1730: To love, a love-token, lover, friend, an uncle

is dazzling
צַח֙ (ṣaḥ)
Adjective - masculine singular
Strong's 6703: Dazzling, sunny, bright, evident

and ruddy,
וְאָד֔וֹם (wə·’ā·ḏō·wm)
Conjunctive waw | Adjective - masculine singular
Strong's 122: Rosy

outstanding
דָּג֖וּל (dā·ḡūl)
Verb - Qal - QalPassParticiple - masculine singular
Strong's 1713: To flaunt, raise a, flag, to be conspicuous

among ten thousand.
מֵרְבָבָֽה׃ (mê·rə·ḇā·ḇāh)
Preposition-m | Number - feminine singular
Strong's 7233: Multitude, myriad, ten thousand


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OT Poetry: Song of Solomon 5:10 My beloved is white and ruddy (Song Songs SS So Can)
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