Zechariah 5:3
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Then he said to me, “This is the curse that goes out over the face of the whole land. For everyone who steals shall be cleaned out according to what is on one side, and everyone who swears falsely shall be cleaned out according to what is on the other side.

King James Bible
Then said he unto me, This is the curse that goeth forth over the face of the whole earth: for every one that stealeth shall be cut off as on this side according to it; and every one that sweareth shall be cut off as on that side according to it.

American Standard Version
Then said he unto me, This is the curse that goeth forth over the face of the whole land: for every one that stealeth shall be cut off on the one side according to it; and every one that sweareth shall be cut off on the other side according to it.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And he said to me: This is the curse that goeth forth over the face of the earth: for every thief shall be judged as is there written: and every one that sweareth in like manner shall be judged by it.

English Revised Version
Then said he unto me, This is the curse that goeth forth over the face of the whole land: for every one that stealeth shall be purged out on the one side according to it; and every one that sweareth shall be purged out on the other side according to it.

Webster's Bible Translation
Then said he to me, This is the curse that goeth forth over the face of the whole earth: for every one that stealeth shall be cut off as on this side according to it; and every one that sweareth shall be cut off as on that side according to it.

Zechariah 5:3 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

Zephaniah 1:1 contains the heading, which has been explained in the introduction. Zephaniah 1:2 and Zephaniah 1:3 form the preface. - Zephaniah 1:2. "I will sweep, sweep away everything from the face of the earth, is the saying of Jehovah. Zephaniah 1:3. I will sweep away man and cattle, sweep away the fowls of heaven, and the fishes of the sea, and the offences with the sinners, and I cut off men from the face of the earth, is the saying of Jehovah." The announcement of the judgment upon the whole earth not only serves to sharpen the following threat of judgment upon Judah and Jerusalem in this sense, "Because Jehovah judges the whole world, He will punish the apostasy of Judah all the more;" but the judgment upon the whole world forms an integral part of his prophecy, which treats more fully of the execution of the judgment in and upon Judah, simply because Judah forms the kingdom of God, which is to be purified from its dross by judgment, and led on towards the end of its divine calling. As Zephaniah here opens the judgment awaiting Judah with an announcement of a judgment upon the whole world, so does he assign the reason for his exhortation to repentance in Zephaniah 2:1-15, by showing that all nations will succumb to the judgment; and then announces in Zephaniah 3:9., as the fruit of the judgment, the conversion of the nations to Jehovah, and the glorification of the kingdom of God. The way to salvation leads through judgment, not only for the world with its enmity against God, but for the degenerate theocracy also. It is only through judgment that the sinful world can be renewed and glorified. The verb אסף, the hiphil of sūph, is strengthened by the inf. abs. אסף, which is formed from the verb אסף, a verb of kindred meaning. Sūph and 'âsaph signify to take away, to sweep away, hiph. to put an end, to destroy. Kōl, everything, is specified in Zephaniah 1:3 : men and cattle, the birds of heaven, and the fishes of the sea; the verb 'âsēph being repeated before the two principal members. This specification stands in unmistakeable relation to the threatening of God: to destroy all creatures for the wickedness of men, from man to cattle, and to creeping things, and even to the fowls of the heaven (Genesis 6:7). By playing upon this threat, Zephaniah intimates that the approaching judgment will be as general over the earth, and as terrible, as the judgment of the flood. Through this judgment God will remove or destroy the offences (stumbling-blocks) together with the sinners. את before הרשׁעים cannot be the sign of the accusative, but can only be a preposition, with, together with, since the objects to אסף are all introduced without the sign of the accusative; and, moreover, if את־הרשׁ were intended for an accusative, the copula Vv would not be omitted. Hammakhshēlôth does not mean houses about to fall (Hitzig), which neither suits the context nor can be grammatically sustained, since even in Isaiah 3:6 hammakhshēlâh is not the fallen house, but the state brought to ruin by the sin of the people; and makhshēlâh is that against which or through which a person meets with a fall. Makhshēlōth are all the objects of coarser and more refined idolatry, not merely the idolatrous images, but all the works of wickedness, like τὰ σκάνδαλα in Matthew 13:41. The judgment, however, applies chiefly to men, i.e., to sinners, and hence in the last clause the destruction of men from off the earth is especially mentioned. The irrational creation is only subject to φθορά, on account of and through the sin of men (Romans 8:20.).

Zechariah 5:3 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

the curse.

Deuteronomy 11:28,29 And a curse, if you will not obey the commandments of the LORD your God, but turn aside out of the way which I command you this day...

Deuteronomy 27:15-26 Cursed be the man that makes any graven or molten image, an abomination to the LORD, the work of the hands of the craftsman...

Deuteronomy 28:15-68 But it shall come to pass, if you will not listen to the voice of the LORD your God...

Deuteronomy 29:19-28 And it come to pass, when he hears the words of this curse, that he bless himself in his heart, saying, I shall have peace...

Psalm 109:17-20 As he loved cursing, so let it come to him: as he delighted not in blessing, so let it be far from him...

Proverbs 3:33 The curse of the LORD is in the house of the wicked: but he blesses the habitation of the just.

Isaiah 24:6 Therefore has the curse devoured the earth, and they that dwell therein are desolate: therefore the inhabitants of the earth are burned...

Isaiah 43:28 Therefore I have profaned the princes of the sanctuary, and have given Jacob to the curse, and Israel to reproaches.

Jeremiah 26:6 Then will I make this house like Shiloh, and will make this city a curse to all the nations of the earth.

Daniel 9:11 Yes, all Israel have transgressed your law, even by departing, that they might not obey your voice; therefore the curse is poured on us...

Malachi 3:9 You are cursed with a curse: for you have robbed me, even this whole nation.

Malachi 4:6 And he shall turn the heart of the fathers to the children, and the heart of the children to their fathers...

Matthew 25:41 Then shall he say also to them on the left hand, Depart from me, you cursed, into everlasting fire...

Galatians 3:10-13 For as many as are of the works of the law are under the curse: for it is written...

Hebrews 6:6-8 If they shall fall away, to renew them again to repentance; seeing they crucify to themselves the Son of God afresh...

Revelation 21:8 But the fearful, and unbelieving, and the abominable, and murderers, and fornicators, and sorcerers, and idolaters...

Revelation 22:15 For without are dogs, and sorcerers, and fornicators, and murderers, and idolaters, and whoever loves and makes a lie.

the face.

Luke 21:35 For as a snare shall it come on all them that dwell on the face of the whole earth.

every one, etc. or, every one of this people that stealeth, holdeth himself guiltless, as it doth. stealeth.

Exodus 20:15 You shall not steal.

Proverbs 29:24 Whoever is partner with a thief hates his own soul: he hears cursing, and denudes it not.

Proverbs 30:9 Lest I be full, and deny you, and say, Who is the LORD? or lest I be poor, and steal, and take the name of my God in vain.

Jeremiah 7:9 Will you steal, murder, and commit adultery, and swear falsely, and burn incense to Baal, and walk after other gods whom you know not;

Hosea 4:2 By swearing, and lying, and killing, and stealing, and committing adultery, they break out, and blood touches blood.

Malachi 3:8-10 Will a man rob God? Yet you have robbed me. But you say, Wherein have we robbed you? In tithes and offerings...

1 Corinthians 6:7-9 Now therefore there is utterly a fault among you, because you go to law one with another. Why do you not rather take wrong...

Ephesians 4:28 Let him that stole steal no more: but rather let him labor, working with his hands the thing which is good...

James 5:4 Behold, the hire of the laborers who have reaped down your fields, which is of you kept back by fraud, cries...

sweareth.

Zechariah 5:4 I will bring it forth, said the LORD of hosts, and it shall enter into the house of the thief...

Zechariah 8:17 And let none of you imagine evil in your hearts against his neighbor; and love no false oath: for all these are things that I hate...

Leviticus 19:12 And you shall not swear by my name falsely, neither shall you profane the name of your God: I am the LORD.

Isaiah 48:1 Hear you this, O house of Jacob, which are called by the name of Israel, and are come forth out of the waters of Judah...

Jeremiah 5:2 And though they say, The LORD lives; surely they swear falsely.

Jeremiah 23:10 For the land is full of adulterers; for because of swearing the land mourns; the pleasant places of the wilderness are dried up...

Ezekiel 17:13-16 And has taken of the king's seed, and made a covenant with him, and has taken an oath of him: he has also taken the mighty of the land...

Malachi 3:5 And I will come near to you to judgment; and I will be a swift witness against the sorcerers, and against the adulterers...

Matthew 5:33-37 Again, you have heard that it has been said by them of old time, You shall not forswear yourself...

Matthew 23:16-22 Woe to you, you blind guides, which say, Whoever shall swear by the temple, it is nothing...

1 Timothy 1:9 Knowing this, that the law is not made for a righteous man, but for the lawless and disobedient, for the ungodly and for sinners...

James 5:12 But above all things, my brothers, swear not, neither by heaven, neither by the earth, neither by any other oath...

Cross References
Exodus 20:15
"You shall not steal.

Leviticus 19:11
"You shall not steal; you shall not deal falsely; you shall not lie to one another.

Leviticus 19:12
You shall not swear by my name falsely, and so profane the name of your God: I am the LORD.

Proverbs 3:33
The LORD's curse is on the house of the wicked, but he blesses the dwelling of the righteous.

Isaiah 24:6
Therefore a curse devours the earth, and its inhabitants suffer for their guilt; therefore the inhabitants of the earth are scorched, and few men are left.

Isaiah 43:28
Therefore I will profane the princes of the sanctuary, and deliver Jacob to utter destruction and Israel to reviling.

Isaiah 48:1
Hear this, O house of Jacob, who are called by the name of Israel, and who came from the waters of Judah, who swear by the name of the LORD and confess the God of Israel, but not in truth or right.

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