Genesis 42:3
New International Version
Then ten of Joseph's brothers went down to buy grain from Egypt.

New Living Translation
So Joseph’s ten older brothers went down to Egypt to buy grain.

English Standard Version
So ten of Joseph’s brothers went down to buy grain in Egypt.

Berean Study Bible
So ten of Joseph’s brothers went down to buy grain from Egypt.

King James Bible
And Joseph's ten brethren went down to buy corn in Egypt.

New King James Version
So Joseph’s ten brothers went down to buy grain in Egypt.

New American Standard Bible
So ten of Joseph’s brothers went down to buy grain from Egypt.

NASB 1995
Then ten brothers of Joseph went down to buy grain from Egypt.

NASB 1977
Then ten brothers of Joseph went down to buy grain from Egypt.

Amplified Bible
So ten of Joseph’s brothers went down to buy grain in Egypt.

Christian Standard Bible
So ten of Joseph’s brothers went down to buy grain from Egypt.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
So 10 of Joseph's brothers went down to buy grain from Egypt.

American Standard Version
And Joseph's ten brethren went down to buy grain from Egypt.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And the ten brethren of Joseph went down to buy corn out of Egypt.

Contemporary English Version
Ten of Joseph's brothers went to Egypt to buy grain.

Douay-Rheims Bible
So the ten brethren of Joseph went down, to buy corn in Egypt:

English Revised Version
And Joseph's ten brethren went down to buy corn from Egypt.

Good News Translation
So Joseph's ten half brothers went to buy grain in Egypt,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Ten of Joseph's brothers went to buy grain in Egypt.

International Standard Version
So ten of Joseph's brothers left to buy grain from Egypt.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And Joseph's ten brethren went down to buy corn from Egypt.

Literal Standard Version
and the ten brothers of Joseph go down to buy grain in Egypt,

NET Bible
So ten of Joseph's brothers went down to buy grain from Egypt.

New Heart English Bible
So Joseph?s ten brothers went down to buy grain from Egypt.

World English Bible
Joseph's ten brothers went down to buy grain from Egypt.

Young's Literal Translation
and the ten brethren of Joseph go down to buy corn in Egypt,

Additional Translations ...
Study Bible
Joseph's Brothers Sent to Egypt
2“Look,” he added, “I have heard that there is grain in Egypt. Go down there and buy some for us, so that we may live and not die.” 3So ten of Joseph’s brothers went down to buy grain from Egypt. 4But Jacob did not send Joseph’s brother Benjamin with his brothers, for he said, “I am afraid that harm might befall him.”…

Cross References
Genesis 42:2
"Look," he added, "I have heard that there is grain in Egypt. Go down there and buy some for us, so that we may live and not die."

Genesis 42:4
But Jacob did not send Joseph's brother Benjamin with his brothers, for he said, "I am afraid that harm might befall him."


Treasury of Scripture

And Joseph's ten brothers went down to buy corn in Egypt.

Genesis 42:5,13
And the sons of Israel came to buy corn among those that came: for the famine was in the land of Canaan…









(3) Joseph's ten brethren.--Either their cattle and households had been already greatly reduced by the mortality caused by the famine, or each patriarch must have taken a number of servants with him, if the corn carried home was to be enough to be of any real use. We learn, however, that they still possessed flocks and herds when they went down into Egypt (Genesis 47:1), and also households of servants (Genesis 46:5, where see Note). Joseph, moreover, besides the wagons and their contents, sends twenty loads of provisions for the use of his father by the way (Genesis 45:21-23), showing thereby that there were very many mouths to feed. Probably, therefore, there was some small amount of rain in Palestine, though not enough for the support of crops of corn. There would be, however, supplies of milk and flesh, but not much more.

Verse 3. - And Joseph's ten brethren went down - either it was for safety that all the ten went, or because, the corn being sold to individuals, the quantity received would depend on their numbers (Lange) - to buy corn - the word for corn, בָּר, if not a primitive, like the Latin far (Furst), may be derived from בָּרַר, to separate, sever, choose out, hence purify (Aben Ezra, Kimchi, Gesenius), and may describe grain as that which has been cleaned from chaff, as in Jeremiah 4:11 - in (literally, from, i.e. corn to be brought from) Egypt.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Lexicon
So ten
עֲשָׂרָ֑ה (‘ă·śā·rāh)
Number - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6235: Ten

of Joseph’s
יוֹסֵ֖ף (yō·w·sêp̄)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3130: Joseph -- 'he increases', a son of Jacob, also the name of several Israelites

brothers
אֲחֵֽי־ (’ă·ḥê-)
Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 251: A brother, )

went down
וַיֵּרְד֥וּ (way·yê·rə·ḏū)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 3381: To come or go down, descend

to buy
לִשְׁבֹּ֥ר (liš·bōr)
Preposition-l | Verb - Qal - Infinitive construct
Strong's Hebrew 7666: To deal in grain

grain
בָּ֖ר (bār)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1250: Grain, the open country

from Egypt.
מִמִּצְרָֽיִם׃ (mim·miṣ·rā·yim)
Preposition-m | Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4714: Egypt -- a son of Ham, also his descendants and their country in Northwest Africa


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OT Law: Genesis 42:3 Joseph's ten brothers went down to buy (Gen. Ge Gn)
Genesis 42:2
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