JPS Tanakh 1917
31‘Nebuchadnezzar the king, unto all peoples, nations, and languages, that dwell in all the earth; peace be multiplied unto you. 32It hath seemed good unto me to declare the signs and wonders that God Most High hath wrought toward me.
33How great are His signs!
And how mighty are His wonders!
His kingdom is an everlasting kingdom,
And His dominion is from generation to generation.1I Nebuchadnezzar was at rest in my house, and flourishing in my palace. 2I saw a dream which made me afraid; and imaginings upon my bed and the visions of my head affrighted me. 3Therefore made I a decree to bring in all the wise men of Babylon before me, that they might make known unto me the interpretation of the dream. 4Then came in the magicians, the enchanters, the Chaldeans, and the astrologers; and I told the dream before them; but they did not make known unto me the interpretation thereof. 5But at the last Daniel came in before me, whose name was Belteshazzar, according to the name of my god, and in whom is the spirit of the holy gods; and I told the dream before him: 6O Belteshazzar, master of the magicians, because I know that the spirit of the holy gods is in thee, and no secret causeth thee trouble, tell me the visions of my dream that I have seen, and the interpretation thereof. 7Thus were the visions of my head upon my bed: I saw,
And behold a tree in the midst of the earth,
And the height thereof was great.
8The tree grew, and was strong,
And the height thereof reached unto heaven,
And the sight thereof to the end of all the earth.
9The leaves thereof were fair, and the fruit thereof much,
And in it was food for all;
The beasts of the field had shadow under it,
And the fowls of the heaven dwelt in the branches thereof,
And all flesh was fed of it.
Hew down the tree, and cut off its branches,
Shake off its leaves, and scatter its fruit;
Let the beasts get away from under it,
And the fowls from its branches.
12Nevertheless leave the stump of its roots in the earth,
Even in a band of iron and brass, in the tender grass of the field;
And let it be wet with the dew of heaven,
And let his portion be with the beasts in the grass of the earth;
13Let his heart be changed from man’s,
And let a beast’s heart be given unto him;
And let seven times pass over him.
14The matter is by the decree of the watchers,
And the sentence by the word of the holy ones;
To the intent that the living may know
That the Most High ruleth in the kingdom of men,
And giveth it to whomsoever He will,
And setteth up over it the lowest of men.
15This dream I king Nebuchadnezzar have seen; and thou, O Belteshazzar, declare the interpretation, forasmuch as all the wise men of my kingdom are not able to make known unto me the interpretation; but thou art able, for the spirit of the holy gods is in thee.’16Then Daniel, whose name was Belteshazzar, was appalled for a while, and his thoughts affrighted him. The king spoke and said: ‘Belteshazzar, let not the dream, or the interpretation, affright thee.’ Belteshazzar answered and said: ‘My lord, the dream be to them that hate thee, and the interpretation thereof to thine adversaries. 17The tree that thou sawest, which grew, and was strong, whose height reached unto the heaven, and the sight thereof to all the earth; 18whose leaves were fair, and the fruit thereof much, and in it was food for all; under which the beasts of the field dwelt, and upon whose branches the fowls of the heaven had their habitation; 19it is thou, O king, that art grown and become strong; for thy greatness is grown, and reacheth unto heaven, and thy dominion to the end of the earth. 20And whereas the king saw a watcher and a holy one coming down from heaven, and saying: Hew down the tree, and destroy it; nevertheless leave the stump of the roots thereof in the earth, even in a band of iron and brass, in the tender grass of the field; and let it be wet with the dew of heaven, and let his portion be with the beasts of the field, till seven times pass over him— 21this is the interpretation, O king, and it is the decree of the Most High, which is come upon my lord the king, 22that thou shalt be driven from men, and thy dwelling shall be with the beasts of the field, and thou shalt be made to eat grass as oxen, and shalt be wet with the dew of heaven, and seven times shall pass over thee; till thou know that the Most High ruleth in the kingdom of men, and giveth it to whomsoever He will. 23And whereas it was commanded to leave the stump of the roots of the tree, thy kingdom shall be sure unto thee, after that thou shalt have known that the heavens do rule. 24Wherefore, O king, let my counsel be acceptable unto thee, and break off thy sins by almsgiving, and thine iniquities by showing mercy to the poor; if there may be a lengthening of thy prosperity.’
25All this came upon the king Nebuchadnezzar. 26At the end of twelve months he was walking upon the royal palace of Babylon. 27The king spoke, and said: ‘Is not this great Babylon, which I have built for a royal dwelling-place, by the might of my power and for the glory of my majesty?’ 28While the word was in the king’s mouth, there fell a voice from heaven: ‘O king Nebuchadnezzar, to thee it is spoken: the kingdom is departed from thee. 29And thou shalt be driven from men, and thy dwelling shall be with the beasts of the field; thou shalt be made to eat grass as oxen, and seven times shall pass over thee; until thou know that the Most High ruleth in the kingdom of men, and giveth it to whomsoever He will.’ 30The same hour was the thing fulfilled upon Nebuchadnezzar; and he was driven from men, and did eat grass as oxen, and his body was wet with the dew of heaven, till his hair was grown like eagles’ feathers, and his nails like birds’ claws.31‘And at the end of the days I Nebuchadnezzar lifted up mine eyes unto heaven, and mine understanding returned unto me, and I blessed the Most High, and I praised and honoured Him that liveth for ever;
For His dominion is an everlasting dominion,
And His kingdom from generation to generation;
32And all the inhabitants of the earth are reputed as nothing;
And He doeth according to His will in the host of heaven,
And among the inhabitants of the earth;
And none can stay His hand,
Or say unto Him: What doest Thou?
33At the same time mine understanding returned unto me; and for the glory of my kingdom, my majesty and my splendour returned unto me; and my ministers and my lords sought unto me; and I was established in my kingdom, and surpassing greatness was added unto me. 34Now I Nebuchadnezzar praise and extol and honour the King of heaven; for all His works are truth, and His ways justice; and those that walk in pride He is able to abase.’