Exodus 7:13
Parallel Verses
New American Standard Bible
Yet Pharaoh's heart was hardened, and he did not listen to them, as the LORD had said.

King James Bible
And he hardened Pharaoh's heart, that he hearkened not unto them; as the LORD had said.

Darby Bible Translation
And Pharaoh's heart was stubborn, and he hearkened not to them, as Jehovah had said.

World English Bible
Pharaoh's heart was hardened, and he didn't listen to them; as Yahweh had spoken.

Young's Literal Translation
and the heart of Pharaoh is strong, and he hath not hearkened unto them, as Jehovah hath spoken.

Exodus 7:13 Parallel
Commentary
Barnes' Notes on the Bible

And he hardened - Or Pharaoh's heart was hardened. See Exodus 4:21.

Exodus 7:13 Parallel Commentaries

Library
The Hardening in the Sacred Scripture.
"He hath hardened their heart."-- John xii. 40. The Scripture teaches positively that the hardening and "darkening of their foolish heart" is a divine, intentional act. This is plainly evident from God's charge to Moses concerning the king of Egypt: "Thou shalt speak all that I command thee; and I will harden Pharaoh's heart, and multiply My signs and wonders in the land of Egypt. But Pharaoh shall not harken unto you, and I will lay My hand upon Egypt, and the Egyptians shall know that I am the
Abraham Kuyper—The Work of the Holy Spirit

Exposition of Chap. Iii. (ii. 28-32. )
Ver. 1. "And it shall come to pass, afterwards, I will pour out My Spirit upon all flesh; and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy; your old men shall dream dreams, and your young men shall see visions." The communication of the Spirit of God was the constant prerogative of the Covenant-people. Indeed, the very idea of such a people necessarily requires it. For the Spirit of God is the only inward bond betwixt Him and that which is created; a Covenant-people, therefore, without such an inward
Ernst Wilhelm Hengstenberg—Christology of the Old Testament

Cross References
Exodus 4:21
The LORD said to Moses, "When you go back to Egypt see that you perform before Pharaoh all the wonders which I have put in your power; but I will harden his heart so that he will not let the people go.

Exodus 7:3
"But I will harden Pharaoh's heart that I may multiply My signs and My wonders in the land of Egypt.

Exodus 7:4
"When Pharaoh does not listen to you, then I will lay My hand on Egypt and bring out My hosts, My people the sons of Israel, from the land of Egypt by great judgments.

Exodus 7:12
For each one threw down his staff and they turned into serpents. But Aaron's staff swallowed up their staffs.

Exodus 7:14
Then the LORD said to Moses, "Pharaoh's heart is stubborn; he refuses to let the people go.

Exodus 7:22
But the magicians of Egypt did the same with their secret arts; and Pharaoh's heart was hardened, and he did not listen to them, as the LORD had said.

Exodus 8:15
But when Pharaoh saw that there was relief, he hardened his heart and did not listen to them, as the LORD had said.

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