New International Version
Yet Pharaoh's heart became hard and he would not listen to them, just as the LORD had said.
King James Bible
And he hardened Pharaoh's heart, that he hearkened not unto them; as the LORD had said.
Darby Bible Translation
And Pharaoh's heart was stubborn, and he hearkened not to them, as Jehovah had said.
World English Bible
Pharaoh's heart was hardened, and he didn't listen to them; as Yahweh had spoken.
Young's Literal Translation
and the heart of Pharaoh is strong, and he hath not hearkened unto them, as Jehovah hath spoken.
Exodus 7:13 Parallel
CommentaryClarke's Commentary on the Bible
And he hardened Pharaoh's heart - ויחזק לב פרעה vaiyechezak leb Paroh, "And the heart of Pharaoh was hardened," the identical words which in Exodus 7:22 are thus translated, and which should have been rendered in the same way here, lest the hardening, which was evidently the effect of his own obstinate shutting of his eyes against the truth, should be attributed to God. See Clarke's note on Exodus 4:21.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
LibraryThe History of the Prophetic Sermons, Epistles, and Apocalypses
[Sidenote: Real character and aims of the prophets] To understand and rightly interpret the prophetic writings of the Old Testament it is necessary to cast aside a false impression as to the character of the prophets which is widely prevalent. They were not foretellers, but forth-tellers. Instead of being vague dreamers, in imagination living far in the distant future, they were most emphatically men of their own times, enlightened and devoted patriots, social and ethical reformers, and spiritual …
Charles Foster Kent—The Origin & Permanent Value of the Old Testament
Hope for the Heathen
The LORD said to Moses, "When you return to Egypt, see that you perform before Pharaoh all the wonders I have given you the power to do. But I will harden his heart so that he will not let the people go.
But I will harden Pharaoh's heart, and though I multiply my signs and wonders in Egypt,
he will not listen to you. Then I will lay my hand on Egypt and with mighty acts of judgment I will bring out my divisions, my people the Israelites.
Each one threw down his staff and it became a snake. But Aaron's staff swallowed up their staffs.
Then the LORD said to Moses, "Pharaoh's heart is unyielding; he refuses to let the people go.
But the Egyptian magicians did the same things by their secret arts, and Pharaoh's heart became hard; he would not listen to Moses and Aaron, just as the LORD had said.
But when Pharaoh saw that there was relief, he hardened his heart and would not listen to Moses and Aaron, just as the LORD had said.
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