New American Standard Bible
But the son by the bondwoman was born according to the flesh, and the son by the free woman through the promise.
King James Bible
But he who was of the bondwoman was born after the flesh; but he of the freewoman was by promise.
Darby Bible Translation
But he that was of the maid servant was born according to flesh, and he that was of the free woman through the promise.
World English Bible
However, the son by the handmaid was born according to the flesh, but the son by the free woman was born through promise.
Young's Literal Translation
but he who is of the maid-servant, according to flesh hath been, and he who is of the free-woman, through the promise;
Galatians 4:23 Parallel
CommentaryBarnes' Notes on the Bible
But he who was of the bondwoman was born after the flesh - In the ordinary course of nature, without any special promise, or any unusual divine interposition, as in the case of Isaac.
But he of the free woman ... - The birth of Isaac was in accordance with a special promise, and by a remarkable divine interposition; see Genesis 18:10; Genesis 21:1-2; Hebrews 11:11-12; compare the notes at Romans 4:19-21. The idea here of Paul is, that the son of the slave was in a humble and inferior condition from his very birth. There was no special promise attending him. He was born into a state of inferiority and servitude which attended him through his whole life. Isaac, however, was met with promises as soon as he was born, and was under the benefit of those promises as long as he lived. The object of Paul is, to state the truth in regard to a condition of servitude and slavery. It is attended with evils from beginning to end; from the birth to the grave. By this illustration he means to show them the folly of becoming the voluntary slaves of the Law after they had once been made free.
LibraryThe Allegories of Sarah and Hagar
We shall attempt this morning to teach you something of the allegories of Sarah and Hagar, that you may thereby better understand the essential difference between the covenants of law and of grace. We shall not go fully into the subject, but shall only give such illustrations of it as the text may furnish us. First, I shall want you to notice the two women, whom Paul uses as types--Hagar and Sarah; then I shall notice the two sons--Ishmael and Isaac; in the third place, I shall notice Ishmael's conduct …
Charles Haddon Spurgeon—Spurgeon's Sermons Volume 2: 1856
Luther -- the Method and Fruits of Justification
"For as Many as are Led by the Spirit of God, they are the Sons of God. For Ye have not Received the Spirit of Bondage
The Moral Reactions of Prayer
"I will bless her, and indeed I will give you a son by her. Then I will bless her, and she shall be a mother of nations; kings of peoples will come from her."
He said, "I will surely return to you at this time next year; and behold, Sarah your wife will have a son." And Sarah was listening at the tent door, which was behind him.
Then the LORD took note of Sarah as He had said, and the LORD did for Sarah as He had promised.
nor are they all children because they are Abraham's descendants, but: "THROUGH ISAAC YOUR DESCENDANTS WILL BE NAMED."
For it is written that Abraham had two sons, one by the bondwoman and one by the free woman.
And you brethren, like Isaac, are children of promise.
But as at that time he who was born according to the flesh persecuted him who was born according to the Spirit, so it is now also.
Jump to PreviousBondwoman Bond-Woman Born Child Common Course Flesh Free Freewoman Free-Woman Fulfilment Handmaid Howbeit However Maid Maid-Servant Nature Ordinary Promise Result Servant Servant-Woman Slave Slave-Girl Undertaking Way
Jump to NextBondwoman Bond-Woman Born Child Common Course Flesh Free Freewoman Free-Woman Fulfilment Handmaid Howbeit However Maid Maid-Servant Nature Ordinary Promise Result Servant Servant-Woman Slave Slave-Girl Undertaking Way
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