Job 12:23
Parallel Verses
New American Standard Bible
"He makes the nations great, then destroys them; He enlarges the nations, then leads them away.

King James Bible
He increaseth the nations, and destroyeth them: he enlargeth the nations, and straiteneth them again.

Darby Bible Translation
He increaseth the nations, and destroyeth them; he spreadeth out the nations, and bringeth them in;

World English Bible
He increases the nations, and he destroys them. He enlarges the nations, and he leads them captive.

Young's Literal Translation
Magnifying the nations, and He destroyeth them, Spreading out the nations, and He quieteth them.

Job 12:23 Parallel
Commentary
Barnes' Notes on the Bible

He increaseth the nations, and destroyeth them - He has entire control over them. The sources of prosperity are in his hand, and at his pleasure he can visit them with famine, pestilence, or war, and diminish their numbers and arrest their prosperity. Dr. Good renders this very improperly, "He letteth the nations grow licentious;" but the word שׂגא śâgâ' never has this sense. It means, to make great; to multiply; to increase.

And straiteneth them again - Margin, "leadeth in." So the word נחה nâchâh means. The idea is, that he increases a nation so that it spreads abroad beyond its usual limits, and then at his pleasure leads them back again, or confines them within the limits from where they had emigrated.

Job 12:23 Parallel Commentaries

Library
Whether it is Necessary for Salvation to Believe Anything Above the Natural Reason?
Objection 1: It would seem unnecessary for salvation to believe anything above the natural reason. For the salvation and perfection of a thing seem to be sufficiently insured by its natural endowments. Now matters of faith, surpass man's natural reason, since they are things unseen as stated above ([2281]Q[1], A[4]). Therefore to believe seems unnecessary for salvation. Objection 2: Further, it is dangerous for man to assent to matters, wherein he cannot judge whether that which is proposed to him
Saint Thomas Aquinas—Summa Theologica

Whether Derision Can be a Mortal Sin?
Objection 1: It would seem that derision cannot be a mortal sin. Every mortal sin is contrary to charity. But derision does not seem contrary to charity, for sometimes it takes place in jest among friends, wherefore it is known as "making fun." Therefore derision cannot be a mortal sin. Objection 2: Further, the greatest derision would appear to be that which is done as an injury to God. But derision is not always a mortal sin when it tends to the injury of God: else it would be a mortal sin to relapse
Saint Thomas Aquinas—Summa Theologica

Cross References
Acts 17:26
and He made from one man every nation of mankind to live on all the face of the earth, having determined their appointed times and the boundaries of their habitation,

Isaiah 9:3
You shall multiply the nation, You shall increase their gladness; They will be glad in Your presence As with the gladness of harvest, As men rejoice when they divide the spoil.

Isaiah 26:15
You have increased the nation, O LORD, You have increased the nation, You are glorified; You have extended all the borders of the land.

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