Judges 15:8
Parallel Verses
New American Standard Bible
He struck them ruthlessly with a great slaughter; and he went down and lived in the cleft of the rock of Etam.

King James Bible
And he smote them hip and thigh with a great slaughter: and he went down and dwelt in the top of the rock Etam.

Darby Bible Translation
And he smote them hip and thigh with great slaughter; and he went down and stayed in the cleft of the rock of Etam.

World English Bible
He struck them hip and thigh with a great slaughter: and he went down and lived in the cleft of the rock of Etam.

Young's Literal Translation
And he smiteth them hip and thigh -- a great smiting, and goeth down and dwelleth in the cleft of the rock Etam.

Judges 15:8 Parallel
Commentary
Barnes' Notes on the Bible

Hip and thigh - A proverbial expression of doubtful origin, meaning all the "great" and "mighty," all the choice pieces like the thigh and shoulder.

In the top of the rock - Rather, "the cleft of the rock." These clefts of the rock were the natural fortresses and hiding places of the land. (Isaiah 2:21; Isaiah 57:5. Compare 1 Samuel 13:6; 1 Kings 18:13.)

Etam - Not the same as the place in the territory of Simeon 1 Chronicles 4:32. Its situation is uncertain, but a site near Eleutheropolis ("Beth-jibrin") is required; and there exist some extraordinary caverns in the soft limestone or chalky rock, fifteen or twenty feet deep, with perpendicular sides, opening into extensive excavations in the rock, about two hours from Eleutheropolis. (Conder conjectures it to be the same as Atab, a village 12 miles southwest of Jerusalem, in the ‛arkub or Ridge.)

Judges 15:8 Parallel Commentaries

Library
The Historical Books.
1. In the Pentateuch we have the establishment of the Theocracy, with the preparatory and accompanying history pertaining to it. The province of the historical books is to unfold its practiced working, and to show how, under the divine superintendence and guidance, it accomplished the end for which it was given. They contain, therefore, primarily, a history of God's dealings with the covenant people under the economy which he had imposed upon them. They look at the course of human events on the
E. P. Barrows—Companion to the Bible

Cross References
Hebrews 11:34
quenched the power of fire, escaped the edge of the sword, from weakness were made strong, became mighty in war, put foreign armies to flight.

Judges 15:7
Samson said to them, "Since you act like this, I will surely take revenge on you, but after that I will quit."

Judges 15:9
Then the Philistines went up and camped in Judah, and spread out in Lehi.

Judges 15:11
Then 3,000 men of Judah went down to the cleft of the rock of Etam and said to Samson, "Do you not know that the Philistines are rulers over us? What then is this that you have done to us?" And he said to them, "As they did to me, so I have done to them."

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