New American Standard Bible
You have also made my enemies turn their backs to me, And I destroyed those who hated me.
King James Bible
Thou hast also given me the necks of mine enemies; that I might destroy them that hate me.
Darby Bible Translation
And mine enemies didst thou make to turn their backs unto me, and those that hated me I destroyed.
World English Bible
You have also made my enemies turn their backs to me, that I might cut off those who hate me.
Young's Literal Translation
As to mine enemies -- Thou hast given to me the neck, As to those hating me -- I cut them off.
Psalm 18:40 Parallel
CommentaryBarnes' Notes on the Bible
Thou hast also given me the necks of mine enemies - Their necks to tread upon, as the result of victory; or their necks to be subject to me, as the neck of the ox is to his owner. The phrase is sometimes used in this latter sense to denote subjection (compare Jeremiah 27:12); but it is more commonly, when applied to war, used in the former sense, as denoting complete triumph or conquest. It was not uncommon to trample on the necks of those who were overcome in battle. See Joshua 10:24; Ezekiel 21:2; Genesis 49:8. The word used here - ערף ‛ôreph - means properly neck, nape, the back of the neck; and hence, to give the neck means sometimes to turn the back, as in flight; and the phrase would admit of that meaning here. So Gesenius (Lexicon) understands it. So also DeWette: "Thou turnest my enemies to flight." It seems to me, however, that the more probable interpretation is that of complete subjection - as when the conqueror places his foot on the necks of his foes. This is confirmed by the next member of the sentence, where the psalmist speaks of the complete destruction of those who hated him.
That I might destroy them that hate me - That have pursued and persecuted me in this manner. The idea is that of utterly overcoming them; of putting an end to their power, and to their ability to injure him.
LibraryConviction of Weakness.
The soul in the state of abandonment can abstain from justifying itself by word or deed. The divine action justifies it. This order of the divine will is the solid and firm rock on which the submissive soul reposes, sheltered from change and tempest. It is continually present under the veil of crosses, and of the most ordinary actions. Behind this veil the hand of God is hidden to sustain and to support those who abandon themselves entirely to Him. From the time that a soul becomes firmly established …
Jean-Pierre de Caussade—Abandonment to Divine Providence
The King --Continued.
In the Present Crusade against the Bible and the Faith of Christian Men...
Twenty-Third Lesson Bear Fruit, that the Father May Give what Ye Ask;'
"I will send My terror ahead of you, and throw into confusion all the people among whom you come, and I will make all your enemies turn their backs to you.
For You will make them turn their back; You will aim with Your bowstrings at their faces.
"But I shall crush his adversaries before him, And strike those who hate him.
He has brought back their wickedness upon them And will destroy them in their evil; The LORD our God will destroy them.
All nations surrounded me; In the name of the LORD I will surely cut them off.
Jump to PreviousBacks Cut Destroy Destroyed Enemies Flight Foes Hate Hated Haters Hating Neck Necks Turn Turned
Jump to NextBacks Cut Destroy Destroyed Enemies Flight Foes Hate Hated Haters Hating Neck Necks Turn Turned
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