Psalm 38:19
Parallel Verses
New American Standard Bible
But my enemies are vigorous and strong, And many are those who hate me wrongfully.

King James Bible
But mine enemies are lively, and they are strong: and they that hate me wrongfully are multiplied.

Darby Bible Translation
But mine enemies are lively, they are strong; and they that hate me wrongfully are multiplied:

World English Bible
But my enemies are vigorous and many. Those who hate me without reason are numerous.

Young's Literal Translation
And mine enemies are lively, They have been strong, and those hating me without cause, Have been multiplied.

Psalm 38:19 Parallel
Commentary
Barnes' Notes on the Bible

But mine enemies are lively ... - DeWette renders this, "My enemies live and are strong." The word translated "lively" - חיים chayiym - means properly "living, being alive." The literal translation would be, "My enemies, being alive, are strong." The idea is, that while he was weak and apparently near to death, they were in the full vigor of life and health. They were able to engage in active efforts to accomplish their purposes. They could take advantage of his weakness; and he could not contend with them, for he was no match for them. In every respect they had the advantage of him; and he prays, therefore, for the divine interposition in his behalf.

And they that hate me wrongfully - Hebrew, "falsely." See Psalm 35:19.

Are multiplied - They are numerous. They are constantly increasing.

Psalm 38:19 Parallel Commentaries

Library
Out of the Deep of Suffering and Sorrow.
Save me, O God, for the waters are come in even unto my soul: I am come into deep waters; so that the floods run over me.--Ps. lxix. 1, 2. I am brought into so great trouble and misery: that I go mourning all the day long.--Ps. xxxviii. 6. The sorrows of my heart are enlarged: Oh! bring Thou me out of my distress.--Ps. xxv. 17. The Lord hath heard the voice of my weeping: the Lord will receive my prayer.--Ps. vi. 8. In the multitude of the sorrows which I had in my heart, Thy comforts have refreshed
Charles Kingsley—Out of the Deep

Question Lxxxiii of Prayer
I. Is Prayer an Act of the Appetitive Powers? Cardinal Cajetan, On Prayer based on Friendship II. Is it Fitting to Pray? Cardinal Cajetan, On Prayer as a True Cause S. Augustine, On the Sermon on the Mount, II. iii. 14 " On the Gift of Perseverance, vii. 15 III. Is Prayer an Act of the Virtue of Religion? Cardinal Cajetan, On the Humility of Prayer S. Augustine, On Psalm cii. 10 " Of the Gift of Perseverance, xvi. 39 IV. Ought We to Pray to God Alone? S. Augustine, Sermon, cxxvii. 2 V.
St. Thomas Aquinas—On Prayer and The Contemplative Life

Cross References
Psalm 9:13
Be gracious to me, O LORD; See my affliction from those who hate me, You who lift me up from the gates of death,

Psalm 18:17
He delivered me from my strong enemy, And from those who hated me, for they were too mighty for me.

Psalm 35:19
Do not let those who are wrongfully my enemies rejoice over me; Nor let those who hate me without cause wink maliciously.

Psalm 69:4
Those who hate me without a cause are more than the hairs of my head; Those who would destroy me are powerful, being wrongfully my enemies; What I did not steal, I then have to restore.

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