1 Kings 9:21
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Solomon conscripted the descendants of all these peoples remaining in the land--whom the Israelites could not exterminate --to serve as slave labor, as it is to this day.

King James Bible
Their children that were left after them in the land, whom the children of Israel also were not able utterly to destroy, upon those did Solomon levy a tribute of bondservice unto this day.

Darby Bible Translation
their children that were left after them in the land, whom the children of Israel were not able utterly to destroy, upon them did Solomon impose a tribute of bondservice until this day.

World English Bible
their children who were left after them in the land, whom the children of Israel were not able utterly to destroy, of them did Solomon raise a levy of bondservants to this day.

Young's Literal Translation
their sons who are left behind them in the land, whom the sons of Israel have not been able to devote -- he hath even lifted up on them a tribute of service unto this day.

1 Kings 9:21 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

A tribute of bond-service - He made them do the most laborious part of the public works, the Israelites being generally exempt. When Sesostris, king of Egypt, returned from his wars, he caused temples to be built in all the cities of Egypt, but did not employ one Egyptian in the work, having built the whole by the hands of the captives which he had taken in his wars. Hence he caused this inscription to be placed upon each temple: -

Ουδεις εγχωριος εις αυτα μεμοχθηκε.

No native has labored in these

Diodor. Sic. Bibl., lib. i., c. 56.

It appears that Solomon might with propriety have placed a similar inscription on most of his works.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

left

Judges 1:21,27-35 And the children of Benjamin did not drive out the Jebusites that inhabited Jerusalem...

Judges 2:20-23 And the anger of the LORD was hot against Israel; and he said...

Judges 3:1-4 Now these are the nations which the LORD left, to prove Israel by them, even as many of Israel as had not known all the wars of Canaan...

Psalm 106:34-36 They did not destroy the nations, concerning whom the LORD commanded them...

not

Joshua 15:63 As for the Jebusites the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the children of Judah could not drive them out...

Joshua 17:12,16-18 Yet the children of Manasseh could not drive out the inhabitants of those cities; but the Canaanites would dwell in that land...

levy

1 Kings 9:15 And this is the reason of the levy which king Solomon raised; for to build the house of the LORD, and his own house, and Millo...

1 Kings 5:13 And king Solomon raised a levy out of all Israel; and the levy was thirty thousand men.

Judges 1:28,35 And it came to pass, when Israel was strong, that they put the Canaanites to tribute, and did not utterly drive them out...

tribute He made them do the most laborious parts of the public works, the Israelites being exempt from all but the more honourable employments.

bond-service

Genesis 9:25,26 And he said, Cursed be Canaan; a servant of servants shall he be to his brothers...

Ezra 2:55-58 The children of Solomon's servants: the children of Sotai, the children of Sophereth, the children of Peruda...

Nehemiah 7:57 The children of Solomon's servants: the children of Sotai, the children of Sophereth, the children of Perida,

Nehemiah 11:3 Now these are the chief of the province that dwelled in Jerusalem...

Library
Promises and Threatenings
'And it came to pass, when Solomon had finished the building of the house of the Lord, and the king's house, and all Solomon's desire which he was pleased to do. 2. That the Lord appeared to Solomon the second time, as He had appeared unto him at Gibeon. 3. And the Lord said unto him, I have heard thy prayer and thy supplication, that thou hast made before Me: I have hallowed this house, which thou hast built, to put My name there for ever; and Mine eyes and Mine heart shall be there perpetually,
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

Whether Prophecy Pertains to Knowledge?
Objection 1: It would seem that prophecy does not pertain to knowledge. For it is written (Ecclus. 48:14) that after death the body of Eliseus prophesied, and further on (Ecclus. 49:18) it is said of Joseph that "his bones were visited, and after death they prophesied." Now no knowledge remains in the body or in the bones after death. Therefore prophecy does not pertain to knowledge. Objection 2: Further, it is written (1 Cor. 14:3): "He that prophesieth, speaketh to men unto edification." Now speech
Saint Thomas Aquinas—Summa Theologica

In Galilee at the Time of Our Lord
"If any one wishes to be rich, let him go north; if he wants to be wise, let him come south." Such was the saying, by which Rabbinical pride distinguished between the material wealth of Galilee and the supremacy in traditional lore claimed for the academies of Judaea proper. Alas, it was not long before Judaea lost even this doubtful distinction, and its colleges wandered northwards, ending at last by the Lake of Gennesaret, and in that very city of Tiberias which at one time had been reputed unclean!
Alfred Edersheim—Sketches of Jewish Social Life

The Jerusalem Sinner Saved;
OR, GOOD NEWS FOR THE VILEST OF MEN; BEING A HELP FOR DESPAIRING SOULS, SHOWING THAT JESUS CHRIST WOULD HAVE MERCY IN THE FIRST PLACE OFFERED TO THE BIGGEST SINNERS. THE THIRD EDITION, IN WHICH IS ADDED, AN ANSWER TO THOSE GRAND OBJECTIONS THAT LIE IN THE WAY OF THE THEM THAT WOULD BELIEVE: FOR THE COMFORT OF THEM THAT FEAR THEY HAVE SINNED AGAINST THE HOLY GHOST. BY JOHN BUNYAN, OF BEDFORD. London: Printed for Elizabeth Smith, at the Hand and Bible, on London Bridge, 1691. ADVERTISEMENT BY THE EDITOR.
John Bunyan—The Works of John Bunyan Volumes 1-3

Cross References
Genesis 9:25
he said, "Cursed be Canaan! The lowest of slaves will he be to his brothers."

Genesis 9:26
He also said, "Praise be to the LORD, the God of Shem! May Canaan be the slave of Shem.

Deuteronomy 20:11
If they accept and open their gates, all the people in it shall be subject to forced labor and shall work for you.

Joshua 15:63
Judah could not dislodge the Jebusites, who were living in Jerusalem; to this day the Jebusites live there with the people of Judah.

Joshua 17:12
Yet the Manassites were not able to occupy these towns, for the Canaanites were determined to live in that region.

Joshua 17:13
However, when the Israelites grew stronger, they subjected the Canaanites to forced labor but did not drive them out completely.

Judges 1:21
The Benjamites, however, did not drive out the Jebusites, who were living in Jerusalem; to this day the Jebusites live there with the Benjamites.

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Able Bondservants Children Complete Conscripted Descendants Destroy Devote Exterminate Force Forced Impose Israel Israelites Labor Levy Raise Remaining Service Slave Slaves Solomon Tribute Unable Utterly Work
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Able Bondservants Children Complete Conscripted Descendants Destroy Devote Exterminate Force Forced Impose Israel Israelites Labor Levy Raise Remaining Service Slave Slaves Solomon Tribute Unable Utterly Work
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