1 Samuel 20:32
Parallel Verses
New International Version
"Why should he be put to death? What has he done?" Jonathan asked his father.

King James Bible
And Jonathan answered Saul his father, and said unto him, Wherefore shall he be slain? what hath he done?

Darby Bible Translation
And Jonathan answered Saul his father, and said to him, Why should he be put to death? what has he done?

World English Bible
Jonathan answered Saul his father, and said to him, "Why should he be put to death? What has he done?"

Young's Literal Translation
And Jonathan answereth Saul his father, and saith unto him, 'Why is he put to death? what hath he done?'

1 Samuel 20:32 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Thou son of the perverse rebellious woman - This clause is variously translated and understood. The Hebrew might be translated, Son of an unjust rebellion; that is, "Thou art a rebel against thy own father." The Vulgate, Fili mulieris virum ultro rapientis; "Son of the woman who, of her own accord, forces the man." The Septuagint is equally curious, Υἱε κορασιων αυτομολουντων; "Son of the damsels who came of their own accord." Were these the meaning of the Hebrew, then the bitter reflection must refer to some secret transaction between Saul and Jonathan's mother; which certainly reflects more dishonor on himself than on his brave son. Most sarcasms bear as hard upon the speaker, as they do on him against whom they are spoken. Abusive language always argues a mean, weak, and malevolent heart.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Wherefore

1 Samuel 19:5 For he did put his life in his hand, and slew the Philistine, and the LORD worked a great salvation for all Israel: you saw it...

Proverbs 24:11,12 If you forbear to deliver them that are drawn to death, and those that are ready to be slain...

Proverbs 31:8,9 Open your mouth for the dumb in the cause of all such as are appointed to destruction...

John 7:51 Does our law judge any man, before it hear him, and know what he does?

what hath

Matthew 27:23 And the governor said, Why, what evil has he done? But they cried out the more, saying, Let him be crucified.

Luke 23:22 And he said to them the third time, Why, what evil has he done? I have found no cause of death in him: I will therefore chastise him...

cast

1 Samuel 18:11 And Saul cast the javelin; for he said, I will smite David even to the wall with it. And David avoided out of his presence twice.

1 Samuel 19:10,11 And Saul sought to smite David even to the wall with the javelin: but he slipped away out of Saul's presence...

Proverbs 22:24 Make no friendship with an angry man; and with a furious man you shall not go:

Ecclesiastes 9:3 This is an evil among all things that are done under the sun, that there is one event to all: yes...

Jeremiah 17:9 The heart is deceitful above all things, and desperately wicked: who can know it?

whereby

1 Samuel 20:7 If he say thus, It is well; your servant shall have peace: but if he be very wroth, then be sure that evil is determined by him.

Ecclesiastes 7:9 Be not hasty in your spirit to be angry: for anger rests in the bosom of fools.

Library
Jonathan, the Pattern of Friendship
'And David fled from Naioth in Ramah, and came and said before Jonathan, What have I done? what is mine iniquity? and what is my sin before thy father, that he seeketh my life? 2. And he said unto him, God forbid; thou shalt not die: behold, my father will do nothing either great or small, but that he will shew it me: and why should my father hide this thing from me? it is not so. 3. And David sware moreover, and said, Thy father certainly knoweth that I have found grace in thine eyes; and he saith,
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

Samuel
Alike from the literary and the historical point of view, the book[1] of Samuel stands midway between the book of Judges and the book of Kings. As we have already seen, the Deuteronomic book of Judges in all probability ran into Samuel and ended in ch. xii.; while the story of David, begun in Samuel, embraces the first two chapters of the first book of Kings. The book of Samuel is not very happily named, as much of it is devoted to Saul and the greater part to David; yet it is not altogether inappropriate,
John Edgar McFadyen—Introduction to the Old Testament

Cross References
Matthew 27:23
"Why? What crime has he committed?" asked Pilate. But they shouted all the louder, "Crucify him!"

Genesis 31:36
Jacob was angry and took Laban to task. "What is my crime?" he asked Laban. "How have I wronged you that you hunt me down?

1 Samuel 19:4
Jonathan spoke well of David to Saul his father and said to him, "Let not the king do wrong to his servant David; he has not wronged you, and what he has done has benefited you greatly.

1 Samuel 19:5
He took his life in his hands when he killed the Philistine. The LORD won a great victory for all Israel, and you saw it and were glad. Why then would you do wrong to an innocent man like David by killing him for no reason?"

1 Samuel 22:14
Ahimelek answered the king, "Who of all your servants is as loyal as David, the king's son-in-law, captain of your bodyguard and highly respected in your household?

Proverbs 31:9
Speak up and judge fairly; defend the rights of the poor and needy.

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