1 Samuel 20:33
Parallel Verses
New International Version
But Saul hurled his spear at him to kill him. Then Jonathan knew that his father intended to kill David.

King James Bible
And Saul cast a javelin at him to smite him: whereby Jonathan knew that it was determined of his father to slay David.

Darby Bible Translation
Then Saul cast the spear at him to smite him; and Jonathan knew that it was determined by his father to put David to death.

World English Bible
Saul cast his spear at him to strike him. By this Jonathan knew that his father was determined to put David to death.

Young's Literal Translation
And Saul casteth the javelin at him to smite him, and Jonathan knoweth that it hath been determined by his father to put David to death.

1 Samuel 20:33 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Thou son of the perverse rebellious woman - This clause is variously translated and understood. The Hebrew might be translated, Son of an unjust rebellion; that is, "Thou art a rebel against thy own father." The Vulgate, Fili mulieris virum ultro rapientis; "Son of the woman who, of her own accord, forces the man." The Septuagint is equally curious, Υἱε κορασιων αυτομολουντων; "Son of the damsels who came of their own accord." Were these the meaning of the Hebrew, then the bitter reflection must refer to some secret transaction between Saul and Jonathan's mother; which certainly reflects more dishonor on himself than on his brave son. Most sarcasms bear as hard upon the speaker, as they do on him against whom they are spoken. Abusive language always argues a mean, weak, and malevolent heart.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

1 Samuel 18:11 Saul hurled the spear for he thought, "I will pin David to the wall." But David escaped from his presence twice.

1 Samuel 19:10 Saul tried to pin David to the wall with the spear, but he slipped away out of Saul's presence, so that he stuck the spear into the wall. And David fled and escaped that night.

1 Samuel 20:7 "If he says, 'It is good, ' your servant will be safe; but if he is very angry, know that he has decided on evil.

Library
Jonathan, the Pattern of Friendship
'And David fled from Naioth in Ramah, and came and said before Jonathan, What have I done? what is mine iniquity? and what is my sin before thy father, that he seeketh my life? 2. And he said unto him, God forbid; thou shalt not die: behold, my father will do nothing either great or small, but that he will shew it me: and why should my father hide this thing from me? it is not so. 3. And David sware moreover, and said, Thy father certainly knoweth that I have found grace in thine eyes; and he saith,
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

Samuel
Alike from the literary and the historical point of view, the book[1] of Samuel stands midway between the book of Judges and the book of Kings. As we have already seen, the Deuteronomic book of Judges in all probability ran into Samuel and ended in ch. xii.; while the story of David, begun in Samuel, embraces the first two chapters of the first book of Kings. The book of Samuel is not very happily named, as much of it is devoted to Saul and the greater part to David; yet it is not altogether inappropriate,
John Edgar McFadyen—Introduction to the Old Testament

Cross References
1 Samuel 18:11
and he hurled it, saying to himself, "I'll pin David to the wall." But David eluded him twice.

1 Samuel 19:10
Saul tried to pin him to the wall with his spear, but David eluded him as Saul drove the spear into the wall. That night David made good his escape.

1 Samuel 20:7
If he says, 'Very well,' then your servant is safe. But if he loses his temper, you can be sure that he is determined to harm me.

1 Samuel 20:34
Jonathan got up from the table in fierce anger; on that second day of the feast he did not eat, because he was grieved at his father's shameful treatment of David.

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