New International Version
May God deal with David, be it ever so severely, if by morning I leave alive one male of all who belong to him!"
King James Bible
So and more also do God unto the enemies of David, if I leave of all that pertain to him by the morning light any that pisseth against the wall.
Darby Bible Translation
So and more also do God to the enemies of David, if I leave of all that is his by the morning light any male.
World English Bible
God do so to the enemies of David, and more also, if I leave of all that belongs to him by the morning light so much as one who urinates on a wall."
Young's Literal Translation
thus doth God do to the enemies of David, and thus He doth add, if I leave of all that he hath till the light of the morning -- of those sitting on the wall.'
1 Samuel 25:22 Parallel
CommentaryClarke's Commentary on the Bible
So and more also do God - Nothing can justify this part of David's conduct. Whatever his provocation might have been, he had suffered, properly speaking, no wrongs; and his resolution to cut off a whole innocent family, because Nabal had acted ungenerously towards him, was abominable and cruel, not to say diabolic. He who attempts to vindicate this conduct of David is, at least constructively, a foe to God and truth. David himself condemns this most rash and unwarrantable conduct, and thanks God for having prevented him from doing this evil, 1 Samuel 25:32, etc.
Any that pisseth against the wall - This expression certainly means either men or dogs, and should be thus translated, if I leave, any male; and this will answer both to men and dogs, and the offensive mode of expression be avoided. I will not enter farther into the subject: Bochart and Calmet have done enough, and more than enough; and in the plainest language too.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
So and more. Nothing can justify this conduct of David, which was rash, unjust, and cruel in the extreme. David himself condemns it, and thanks God for being prevented from executing this evil.
if I leave
any that pisseth, etc. This seems to have been a proverbial expression among the Israelites; and may with the utmost propriety be read `any male.'
LibraryIf Then to Sin, that Others May not Commit a Worse Sin...
21. If then to sin, that others may not commit a worse sin, either against us or against any, without doubt we ought not; it is to be considered in that which Lot did, whether it be an example which we ought to imitate, or rather one which we ought to avoid. For it seems meet to be more looked into and noted, that, when so horrible an evil from the most flagitious impiety of the Sodomites was impending over his guests, which he wished to ward off and was not able, to such a degree may even that just …
St. Augustine—Against Lying
Appendix xix. On Eternal Punishment, According to the Rabbis and the New Testament
1 Samuel 3:17
"What was it he said to you?" Eli asked. "Do not hide it from me. May God deal with you, be it ever so severely, if you hide from me anything he told you."
1 Samuel 14:44
Saul said, "May God deal with me, be it ever so severely, if you do not die, Jonathan."
1 Samuel 20:13
But if my father intends to harm you, may the LORD deal with Jonathan, be it ever so severely, if I do not let you know and send you away in peace. May the LORD be with you as he has been with my father.
1 Samuel 20:16
So Jonathan made a covenant with the house of David, saying, "May the LORD call David's enemies to account."
1 Kings 14:10
"'Because of this, I am going to bring disaster on the house of Jeroboam. I will cut off from Jeroboam every last male in Israel--slave or free. I will burn up the house of Jeroboam as one burns dung, until it is all gone.
2 Kings 9:8
The whole house of Ahab will perish. I will cut off from Ahab every last male in Israel--slave or free.
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