1 Samuel 7:6
Parallel Verses
New International Version
When they had assembled at Mizpah, they drew water and poured it out before the LORD. On that day they fasted and there they confessed, "We have sinned against the LORD." Now Samuel was serving as leader of Israel at Mizpah.

King James Bible
And they gathered together to Mizpeh, and drew water, and poured it out before the LORD, and fasted on that day, and said there, We have sinned against the LORD. And Samuel judged the children of Israel in Mizpeh.

Darby Bible Translation
And they gathered together to Mizpah, and drew water, and poured it out before Jehovah, and fasted on that day, and said there, We have sinned against Jehovah. And Samuel judged the children of Israel in Mizpah.

World English Bible
They gathered together to Mizpah, and drew water, and poured it out before Yahweh, and fasted on that day, and said there, "We have sinned against Yahweh." Samuel judged the children of Israel in Mizpah.

Young's Literal Translation
And they are gathered to Mizpeh, and draw water, and pour out before Jehovah, and fast on that day, and say there, 'We have sinned against Jehovah;' and Samuel judgeth the sons of Israel in Mizpeh.

1 Samuel 7:6 Parallel
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Drew water, and poured it out - It is not easy to know what is meant by this; it is true that pouring out water, in the way of libation, was a religious ordinance among the Hebrews, (Isaiah 12:3), and among most other nations, particularly the Greeks and Romans, who used, not only water, but wine, milk, honey, and blood, as we find by Homer, Virgil, Euripides, Sophocles, Porphyry, and Lucian. Our Lord seems to allude to this ceremony, John 7:37-38 (note), where see the note.

The Chaldee Paraphrast understands the place differently, for he translates: "And they poured out their hearts in penitence, as Waters, before the Lord." That deep penitential sorrow was represented under the notion of pouring out water, we have a direct proof in the case of David, who says, Psalm 22:14, I am Poured Out like Water, my heart is like wax; it is Melted in the midst of my bowels. And to repentance, under this very similitude, the prophet exhorts fallen Jerusalem: Arise, cry out in the night; in the beginning of the watches Pour Out thine Heart Like Water before the face of the Lord; Lamentations 2:19. David uses the same image, Psalm 62:8 : Trust in him at all times, ye people; Pour Out your hearts before him. The same figure is used by Hannah in 1 Samuel 1:15 of this book; I am a woman of a sorrowful spirit; I have Poured Out my soul before the Lord. Perhaps the drawing and pouring out of water mentioned in the text was done emblematically, to represent the contrition of their hearts.

And Samuel judged - He gave them ordinances, heard and redressed grievances, and taught them how to get reconciled to God. The assembly, therefore, was held for religio-politico-military purposes.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

drew water Grottius says, that the pouring out of water means the shedding of tears; and the Targum reads, `And they poured out their hearts in penitence, as waters, before the Lord.' Others suppose that it was done emblematically, to represent the contrition of their hearts, and their desire to wash away their past offences. But some learned men conceive that it was poured out as a libation, in token of joy, after they had fasted and confessed their sin, as they were wont to do in the feast of tabernacles. (See note on Nu.


1 Samuel 1:15 And Hannah answered and said, No, my lord, I am a woman of a sorrowful spirit: I have drunk neither wine nor strong drink...

2 Samuel 14:14 For we must needs die, and are as water spilt on the ground, which cannot be gathered up again; neither does God respect any person...

Job 16:20 My friends scorn me: but my eye pours out tears to God.

Psalm 6:6 I am weary with my groaning; all the night make I my bed to swim; I water my couch with my tears.

Psalm 42:3 My tears have been my meat day and night, while they continually say to me, Where is your God?

Psalm 119:136 Rivers of waters run down my eyes, because they keep not your law.

Jeremiah 9:1 Oh that my head were waters, and my eyes a fountain of tears...

Lamentations 2:11,18 My eyes do fail with tears, my bowels are troubled, my liver is poured on the earth, for the destruction of the daughter of my people...

Lamentations 3:49 My eye trickles down, and ceases not, without any intermission.


2 Chronicles 20:3 And Jehoshaphat feared, and set himself to seek the LORD, and proclaimed a fast throughout all Judah.

Ezra 8:21-23 Then I proclaimed a fast there, at the river of Ahava, that we might afflict ourselves before our God...

Nehemiah 9:1-3 Now in the twenty and fourth day of this month the children of Israel were assembled with fasting, and with sackcloths...

Daniel 9:3-5 And I set my face to the Lord God, to seek by prayer and supplications, with fasting, and sackcloth, and ashes...

Joel 2:12 Therefore also now, said the LORD, turn you even to me with all your heart, and with fasting, and with weeping, and with mourning:

Jonah 3:1-10 And the word of the LORD came to Jonah the second time, saying...

We have sinned

Leviticus 26:40 If they shall confess their iniquity, and the iniquity of their fathers, with their trespass which they trespassed against me...

Judges 10:10 And the children of Israel cried to the LORD, saying, We have sinned against you, both because we have forsaken our God...

1 Kings 8:47 Yet if they shall bethink themselves in the land where they were carried captives, and repent...

Ezra 9:5-10 And at the evening sacrifice I arose up from my heaviness; and having rent my garment and my mantle, I fell on my knees...

Job 33:27 He looks on men, and if any say, I have sinned, and perverted that which was right, and it profited me not;

Job 40:4 Behold, I am vile; what shall I answer you? I will lay my hand on my mouth.

Job 42:6 Why I abhor myself, and repent in dust and ashes.

Psalm 38:3-8 There is no soundness in my flesh because of your anger; neither is there any rest in my bones because of my sin...

Psalm 106:6 We have sinned with our fathers, we have committed iniquity, we have done wickedly.

Jeremiah 3:13,14 Only acknowledge your iniquity, that you have transgressed against the LORD your God...

Jeremiah 31:19 Surely after that I was turned, I repented; and after that I was instructed, I smote on my thigh: I was ashamed, yes, even confounded...

Luke 15:18 I will arise and go to my father, and will say to him, Father, I have sinned against heaven, and before you,


Judges 3:10 And the Spirit of the LORD came on him, and he judged Israel, and went out to war...

Nehemiah 9:27 Therefore you delivered them into the hand of their enemies, who vexed them: and in the time of their trouble, when they cried to you...

Ezekiel 20:4 Will you judge them, son of man, will you judge them? cause them to know the abominations of their fathers:

Sermon at the Faribault Celebration of the Centennial of the Inauguration of George Washington, 1789-1889.
"Then Samuel took a stone and set it between Mizpeh and Shen, and called the name of it Ebeneser, saying, Hitherto hath the Lord helped us."-- 1 SAMUEL vii. 12. No words are more fitting on this Centennial day. One hundred years ago George Washington was inaugurated the first President of the United States. Words are powerless to express the grateful thoughts which swell patriot hearts. Save that people whom God led out of Egypt with His pillar of fire and His pillar of cloud, I know of no nation
H.B. Whipple—Five Sermons

Ebenezer 1Sam 7:12

John Newton—Olney Hymns

Cross References
Genesis 31:49
It was also called Mizpah, because he said, "May the LORD keep watch between you and me when we are away from each other.

Leviticus 16:29
"This is to be a lasting ordinance for you: On the tenth day of the seventh month you must deny yourselves and not do any work--whether native-born or a foreigner residing among you--

Judges 10:10
Then the Israelites cried out to the LORD, "We have sinned against you, forsaking our God and serving the Baals."

1 Samuel 1:15
"Not so, my lord," Hannah replied, "I am a woman who is deeply troubled. I have not been drinking wine or beer; I was pouring out my soul to the LORD.

1 Samuel 7:15
Samuel continued as Israel's leader all the days of his life.

1 Kings 8:47
and if they have a change of heart in the land where they are held captive, and repent and plead with you in the land of their captors and say, 'We have sinned, we have done wrong, we have acted wickedly';

2 Chronicles 20:3
Alarmed, Jehoshaphat resolved to inquire of the LORD, and he proclaimed a fast for all Judah.

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