2 Samuel 15:16
Parallel Verses
New International Version
The king set out, with his entire household following him; but he left ten concubines to take care of the palace.

King James Bible
And the king went forth, and all his household after him. And the king left ten women, which were concubines, to keep the house.

Darby Bible Translation
And the king went forth, and all his household after him, and the king left ten women, concubines, to keep the house.

World English Bible
The king went forth, and all his household after him. The king left ten women, who were concubines, to keep the house.

Young's Literal Translation
And the king goeth out, and all his household at his feet, and the king leaveth ten women -- concubines -- to keep the house.

2 Samuel 15:16 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

David said - Arise - let us flee - This, I believe, was the first time that David turned his back to his enemies. And why did he now flee? Jerusalem, far from not being in a state to sustain a siege, was so strong that even the blind and the lame were supposed to be a sufficient defense for the walls, see 2 Samuel 5:6. And he had still with him his faithful Cherethites and Pelethites; besides six hundred faithful Gittites, who were perfectly willing to follow his fortunes. There does not appear any reason why such a person, in such circumstances, should not act on the defensive; at least till he should be fully satisfied of the real complexion of affairs. But he appears to take all as coming from the hand of God; therefore he humbles himself, weeps, goes barefoot, and covers his head! He does not even hasten his departure, for the habit of mourners is not the habit of those who are flying before the face of their enemies. He sees the storm, and he yields to what he conceives to be the tempest of the Almighty.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

the king

Psalm 3:1 Lord, how are they increased that trouble me! many are they that rise up against me.

after him [heb] at his feet

Judges 4:10 And Barak called Zebulun and Naphtali to Kedesh; and he went up with ten thousand men at his feet: and Deborah went up with him.

1 Samuel 25:27,42 And now this blessing which your handmaid has brought to my lord, let it even be given to the young men that follow my lord...

ten women

2 Samuel 12:11 Thus said the LORD, Behold, I will raise up evil against you out of your own house, and I will take your wives before your eyes...

2 Samuel 16:21,22 And Ahithophel said to Absalom, Go in to your father's concubines, which he has left to keep the house...

2 Samuel 20:3 And David came to his house at Jerusalem; and the king took the ten women his concubines, whom he had left to keep the house...

Romans 12:2 And be not conformed to this world: but be you transformed by the renewing of your mind, that you may prove what is that good...

Library
A Loyal Vow
'And the king's servants said unto the king, Behold, thy servants are ready to do whatsoever my lord the king shall appoint.'--2 SAMUEL xv. 15. We stand here at the darkest hour of King David's life. Bowed down by the consciousness of his past sin, and recognising in the rebellion of his favourite son the divine chastisement, his early courage and buoyant daring seem to have ebbed from him wholly. He is forsaken by the mass of his subjects, he is preparing to abandon Jerusalem, and to flee as an
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

Loyal to the Core
On the other hand, look at Ittai, perfectly free to go, but in order to end the controversy once for all, and to make David know that he does not mean to leave him, he takes a solemn oath before Jehovah his God, and he doubles it by swearing by the life of David that he will never leave him; in life, in death, he will be with him. He has cast in his lot with him for better and for worse, and he means to be faithful to the end. Old Master Trapp says, "All faithful friends went on a pilgrimage years
Charles Haddon Spurgeon—Spurgeon's Sermons Volume 26: 1880

Samuel
Alike from the literary and the historical point of view, the book[1] of Samuel stands midway between the book of Judges and the book of Kings. As we have already seen, the Deuteronomic book of Judges in all probability ran into Samuel and ended in ch. xii.; while the story of David, begun in Samuel, embraces the first two chapters of the first book of Kings. The book of Samuel is not very happily named, as much of it is devoted to Saul and the greater part to David; yet it is not altogether inappropriate,
John Edgar McFadyen—Introduction to the Old Testament

Cross References
2 Samuel 15:15
The king's officials answered him, "Your servants are ready to do whatever our lord the king chooses."

2 Samuel 15:17
So the king set out, with all the people following him, and they halted at the edge of the city.

2 Samuel 16:21
Ahithophel answered, "Sleep with your father's concubines whom he left to take care of the palace. Then all Israel will hear that you have made yourself obnoxious to your father, and the hands of everyone with you will be more resolute."

2 Samuel 16:22
So they pitched a tent for Absalom on the roof, and he slept with his father's concubines in the sight of all Israel.

2 Samuel 20:3
When David returned to his palace in Jerusalem, he took the ten concubines he had left to take care of the palace and put them in a house under guard. He provided for them but had no sexual relations with them. They were kept in confinement till the day of their death, living as widows.

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