2 Samuel 8:1
Parallel Verses
New International Version
In the course of time, David defeated the Philistines and subdued them, and he took Metheg Ammah from the control of the Philistines.

King James Bible
And after this it came to pass, that David smote the Philistines, and subdued them: and David took Methegammah out of the hand of the Philistines.

Darby Bible Translation
And after this it came to pass that David smote the Philistines, and subdued them; and David took the power of the capital out of the hand of the Philistines.

World English Bible
After this it happened that David struck the Philistines, and subdued them: and David took the bridle of the mother city out of the hand of the Philistines.

Young's Literal Translation
And it cometh to pass afterwards that David smiteth the Philistines, and humbleth them, and David taketh the bridle of the metropolis out of the hand of the Philistines.

2 Samuel 8:1 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

David took Metheg-ammah - This is variously translated. The Vulgate has, Tulit David fraenum tributi, David removed the bondage of the tribute, which the Israelites paid to the Philistines. Some think it means a fortress, city, or strong town; but no such place as Metheg-ammah is known. Probably the Vulgate is nearest the truth. The versions are all different. See the following comparison of the principal passages here collated with the parallel place in 1:Chr:-

2 Samuel 1 Chronicles 2 Samuel 8:1. - David took Metheg-ammah 2 Samuel 8:3. David 1 Chronicles 18:1. - David took Gath and her towns. 1 Chronicles 18:3. David smote Hadadezer 2 Samuel 8:4. And David took from him smote Hadarezer 1 Chronicles 18:4. And David took from him 1000 and 700 horsemen, and 20,000 foot. 1000 chariots, and 7000 horsemen, and 20,000 foot. 2 Samuel 8:6. Then David put garrisons in Syria 2 Samuel 8:8. And 1 Chronicles 18:6. Then David put in Syria 1 Chronicles 18:8. And from Betah and Berothai cities of Hadadezer. 2 Samuel 8:9. from Tibhath and Chun cities of Hadarezer. 1 Chronicles 18:9. When Toi heard that David had smitten When Tou heard that David had smitten Hadadezer 2 Samuel 8:10. Then Toi sent Joram his son Hadarezer 1 Chronicles 18:10. He sent Hadoram his son 2 Samuel 8:12 - Syria and Moab 2 Samuel 8:13. - Syrians, in the valley 1 Chronicles 18:11 - Edom and Moab 1 Chronicles 18:12. - Edomites, in the valley of salt, 18,000 2 Samuel 8:17. - Ahimelech - and Seraiah of salt, 18,000 1 Chronicles 18:16. - Abimelech - and Shausha was the scribe. 2 Samuel 10:16. Shobach the captain was scribe. 1 Chronicles 19:16. Shophach the captain 2 Samuel 10:17. David passed over Jordan, and came הלאמה 1 Chronicles 19:17. David passed over Jordan and came אלהם to Helam. 2 Samuel 10:18. David slew 700 upon them 1 Chronicles 19:18. David slew of the Syrians 7000 chariots of the Syrians, and 40,000 horsemen; chariots, and 40,000 footmen; and smote Shobach, etc. and killed Shophach, etc.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

A.M.

2964 B.C.

1040 An. Ex. Is.

451.
And after

2 Samuel 7:9 And I was with you wherever you went, and have cut off all your enemies out of your sight, and have made you a great name...

2 Samuel 21:15-22 Moreover the Philistines had yet war again with Israel; and David went down, and his servants with him...

Metheg-ammah. or, the bridle of Ammah

2 Samuel 2:24 Joab also and Abishai pursued after Abner: and the sun went down when they were come to the hill of Ammah...

1 Chronicles 18:1 Now after this it came to pass, that David smote the Philistines, and subdued them...

Gath In the parallel passage of Chronicles, we read, `David took Gath and her towns;' and it is probable, that Gath and its districts were called {Metheg-ammah} in David's time; which, being unusual or becoming obsolete, in the time of the author of the Chronicles, led him thus to explain it.

Library
'More than Conquerors through Him'
'And the children of Ammon came out, and put the battle in array at the entering in of the gate: and the Syrians of Zoba, and of Rehob, and Ish-tob, and Maacah, were by themselves in the field. 9. When Joab saw that the front of the battle was against him before and behind, he chose of all the choice men of Israel, and put them in array against the Syrians: 10. And the rest of the people he delivered into the hand of Abishai his brother, that he might put them in array against the children of Ammon.
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

A Cloud of Witnesses.
"By faith Isaac blessed Jacob and Esau, even concerning things to come. By faith Jacob, when he was a-dying, blessed each of the sons of Joseph; and worshipped, leaning upon the top of his staff. By faith Joseph, when his end was nigh, made mention of the departure of the children of Israel; and gave commandment concerning his bones.... By faith the walls of Jericho fell down, after they had been compassed about for seven days. By faith Rahab the harlot perished not with them that were disobedient,
Thomas Charles Edwards—The Expositor's Bible: The Epistle to the Hebrews

Cross References
Hebrews 11:33
who through faith conquered kingdoms, administered justice, and gained what was promised; who shut the mouths of lions,

Hebrews 11:34
quenched the fury of the flames, and escaped the edge of the sword; whose weakness was turned to strength; and who became powerful in battle and routed foreign armies.

2 Samuel 19:9
Throughout the tribes of Israel, all the people were arguing among themselves, saying, "The king delivered us from the hand of our enemies; he is the one who rescued us from the hand of the Philistines. But now he has fled the country to escape from Absalom;

2 Samuel 22:44
"You have delivered me from the attacks of the peoples; you have preserved me as the head of nations. People I did not know now serve me,

1 Chronicles 18:1
In the course of time, David defeated the Philistines and subdued them, and he took Gath and its surrounding villages from the control of the Philistines.

Psalm 18:43
You have delivered me from the attacks of the people; you have made me the head of nations. People I did not know now serve me,

Psalm 60:8
Moab is my washbasin, on Edom I toss my sandal; over Philistia I shout in triumph."

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