2 Samuel 8:4
Parallel Verses
New International Version
David captured a thousand of his chariots, seven thousand charioteers and twenty thousand foot soldiers. He hamstrung all but a hundred of the chariot horses.

King James Bible
And David took from him a thousand chariots, and seven hundred horsemen, and twenty thousand footmen: and David houghed all the chariot horses, but reserved of them for an hundred chariots.

Darby Bible Translation
And David took from him one thousand seven hundred horsemen, and twenty thousand footmen; and David houghed all the chariot [horses], but reserved of them [for] a hundred chariots.

World English Bible
David took from him one thousand seven hundred horsemen, and twenty thousand footmen: and David hamstrung all the chariot horses, but reserved of them for one hundred chariots.

Young's Literal Translation
and David captureth from him a thousand and seven hundred horsemen, and twenty thousand footmen, and David destroyeth utterly the whole of the charioteers, only he leaveth of them a hundred charioteers.

2 Samuel 8:4 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

A thousand chariots - It is strange that there were a thousand chariots, and only seven hundred horsemen taken, and twenty thousand foot. But as the discomfiture appears complete, we may suppose that the chariots, being less manageable, might be more easily taken, while the horsemen might, in general, make their escape. The infantry also seem to have been surrounded, when twenty thousand of them were taken prisoners.

David houghed all the chariot horses - If he did so, it was both unreasonable and inhuman; for, as he had so complete a victory, there was no danger of these horses falling into the enemy's hands; and if he did not choose to keep them, which indeed the law would not permit, he should have killed them outright; and then the poor innocent creatures would have been put out of pain. But does the text speak of houghing horses at all? It does not. Let us hear; ויעקר דוד את כל הרכב vayeakker David eth col harecheb, And David disjointed all the chariots, except a hundred chariots which he reserved for himself. Now, this destruction of the chariots, was a matter of sound policy, and strict piety. God had censured those who trusted in chariots; piety therefore forbade David the use of them: and lest they should fall into the enemy's hands, and be again used against him, policy induced him to destroy them. The Septuagint render the words nearly as I have done, και παρελυσε Δαυιδ παντα τα ἁρματα.

He kept however one hundred; probably as a sort of baggage or forage wagons.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

from him. or, of his
chariots As

1 Chronicles 18:4 And David took from him a thousand chariots, and seven thousand horsemen, and twenty thousand footmen...

seven hundred In the parallel place in chronicles it is `{seven thousand} horsemen,' a far more probable number. The letter (), {zayin}, with a dot upon it stands for {seven thousand}, and the final letter (), {noon}, for {seven hundred}: the great similarity of these letters might easily cause the one to be mistaken for the other, and so produce an error in this place.

David houghed

Deuteronomy 17:16 But he shall not multiply horses to himself, nor cause the people to return to Egypt, to the end that he should multiply horses...

Joshua 11:6,9 And the LORD said to Joshua, Be not afraid because of them...

Psalm 20:7 Some trust in chariots, and some in horses: but we will remember the name of the LORD our God.

Psalm 33:16,17 There is no king saved by the multitude of an host: a mighty man is not delivered by much strength...

reserved

1 Kings 10:26 And Solomon gathered together chariots and horsemen: and he had a thousand and four hundred chariots, and twelve thousand horsemen...

Library
'More than Conquerors through Him'
'And the children of Ammon came out, and put the battle in array at the entering in of the gate: and the Syrians of Zoba, and of Rehob, and Ish-tob, and Maacah, were by themselves in the field. 9. When Joab saw that the front of the battle was against him before and behind, he chose of all the choice men of Israel, and put them in array against the Syrians: 10. And the rest of the people he delivered into the hand of Abishai his brother, that he might put them in array against the children of Ammon.
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

A Cloud of Witnesses.
"By faith Isaac blessed Jacob and Esau, even concerning things to come. By faith Jacob, when he was a-dying, blessed each of the sons of Joseph; and worshipped, leaning upon the top of his staff. By faith Joseph, when his end was nigh, made mention of the departure of the children of Israel; and gave commandment concerning his bones.... By faith the walls of Jericho fell down, after they had been compassed about for seven days. By faith Rahab the harlot perished not with them that were disobedient,
Thomas Charles Edwards—The Expositor's Bible: The Epistle to the Hebrews

Cross References
Genesis 49:6
Let me not enter their council, let me not join their assembly, for they have killed men in their anger and hamstrung oxen as they pleased.

Joshua 11:6
The LORD said to Joshua, "Do not be afraid of them, because by this time tomorrow I will hand all of them, slain, over to Israel. You are to hamstring their horses and burn their chariots."

Joshua 11:9
Joshua did to them as the LORD had directed: He hamstrung their horses and burned their chariots.

Jump to Previous
Captured Captureth Chariot Charioteers Chariot-Horses Chariots Cut David Destroyeth Enough Foot Footmen Hamstrung Hocked Horsemen Horses Houghed Hundred Keeping Reserved s Seven Soldiers Thousand Twenty Utterly War-Carriages
Jump to Next
Captured Captureth Chariot Charioteers Chariot-Horses Chariots Cut David Destroyeth Enough Foot Footmen Hamstrung Hocked Horsemen Horses Houghed Hundred Keeping Reserved s Seven Soldiers Thousand Twenty Utterly War-Carriages
Links
2 Samuel 8:4 NIV
2 Samuel 8:4 NLT
2 Samuel 8:4 ESV
2 Samuel 8:4 NASB
2 Samuel 8:4 KJV

2 Samuel 8:4 Bible Apps
2 Samuel 8:4 Biblia Paralela
2 Samuel 8:4 Chinese Bible
2 Samuel 8:4 French Bible
2 Samuel 8:4 German Bible

2 Samuel 8:4 Commentaries

THE HOLY BIBLE, NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION®, NIV® Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica®.

Bible Hub
2 Samuel 8:3
Top of Page
Top of Page