Acts 4:1
Parallel Verses
New International Version
The priests and the captain of the temple guard and the Sadducees came up to Peter and John while they were speaking to the people.

King James Bible
And as they spake unto the people, the priests, and the captain of the temple, and the Sadducees, came upon them,

Darby Bible Translation
And as they were speaking to the people, the priests and captain of the temple and the Sadducees came upon them,

World English Bible
As they spoke to the people, the priests and the captain of the temple and the Sadducees came to them,

Young's Literal Translation
And as they are speaking unto the people, there came to them the priests, and the magistrate of the temple, and the Sadducees --

Acts 4:1 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

The priests - These persons had evidenced the most implacable enmity against Christ from the beginning.

The captain of the temple - See this office particularly explained in the note on Luke 22:4 (note).

The Sadducees - Whose whole system was now in danger by the preaching of the resurrection of Christ; for they believed not in the immortality of the soul, nor in any future world. These made a common cause with the priests, etc., to suppress the evidence of Christ's resurrection, and silence the apostles.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

the priests.

Acts 4:6 And Annas the high priest, and Caiaphas, and John, and Alexander, and as many as were of the kindred of the high priest...

Acts 6:7,12 And the word of God increased; and the number of the disciples multiplied in Jerusalem greatly...

Matthew 26:3,4 Then assembled together the chief priests, and the scribes, and the elders of the people, to the palace of the high priest...

Matthew 27:1,2,20,41 When the morning was come, all the chief priests and elders of the people took counsel against Jesus to put him to death...

John 15:20 Remember the word that I said to you, The servant is not greater than his lord. If they have persecuted me...

John 18:3 Judas then, having received a band of men and officers from the chief priests and Pharisees...

the captain. or, the ruler.

Acts 5:24,26 Now when the high priest and the captain of the temple and the chief priests heard these things...

2 Chronicles 23:4-9 This is the thing that you shall do; A third part of you entering on the sabbath, of the priests and of the Levites...

Luke 22:4 And he went his way, and communed with the chief priests and captains, how he might betray him to them.

the Sadducees.

Acts 23:6-9 But when Paul perceived that the one part were Sadducees, and the other Pharisees, he cried out in the council, Men and brothers...

Matthew 16:12 Then understood they how that he bade them not beware of the leaven of bread, but of the doctrine of the Pharisees and of the Sadducees...

Matthew 22:16,23,24 And they sent out to him their disciples with the Herodians, saying, Master, we know that you are true...

Library
Courage
Chester Cathedral, 1871. Acts iv. 13, 18-20. "Now when they saw the boldness of Peter and John, and perceived that they were unlearned and ignorant men, they marvelled; and they took knowledge of them, that they had been with Jesus. . . . And they called them, and commanded them not to speak at all nor teach in the name of Jesus. But Peter and John answered and said unto them, Whether it be right in the sight of God to hearken unto you more than unto God, judge ye. For we cannot but speak
Charles Kingsley—All Saints' Day and Other Sermons

Impossible Silence
'We cannot but speak the things which we have seen and heard.' --ACTS iv. 20. The context tells us that the Jewish Council were surprised, as they well might be, at the boldness of Peter and John, and traced it to their having been with Jesus. But do you remember that they were by no means bold when they were with Jesus, and that the bravery came after what, in ordinary circumstances, would have destroyed any of it in a man? A leader's execution is not a usual recipe for heartening his followers,
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture: The Acts

A Manifestation of God in Answer to Prayer
A MANIFESTATION OF GOD IN ANSWER TO PRAYER ". . . When they had prayed, the place was shaken where they were assembled together; and they were all filled with the Holy Ghost, and they spake the word of God with boldness." -- Acts 4:31. This remarkable manifestation of God reveals the effectiveness of prevailing prayer. It vividly discloses the fact that prayer can accomplish much. It is apparent that neither the apostles, nor the assembled company of devout believers were astonished at the marvelous
T. M. Anderson—Prayer Availeth Much

Against the Modern Free-Thinkers.
Sir, THERE arrived in this neighbourhood, two days ago, one of your gay gentlemen of the town, who being attended at his entry with a servant of his own, besides a countryman he had taken up for a guide, excited the curiosity of the village to learn whence and what he might be. The countryman (to whom they applied as most easy of access) knew little more than that the gentleman came from London to travel and see fashions, and was, as he heard say, a Free-thinker; what religion that might be he could
Joseph Addison—The Evidences of the Christian Religion, with Additional Discourses

Cross References
Matthew 3:7
But when he saw many of the Pharisees and Sadducees coming to where he was baptizing, he said to them: "You brood of vipers! Who warned you to flee from the coming wrath?

Luke 20:1
One day as Jesus was teaching the people in the temple courts and proclaiming the good news, the chief priests and the teachers of the law, together with the elders, came up to him.

Luke 22:4
And Judas went to the chief priests and the officers of the temple guard and discussed with them how he might betray Jesus.

Acts 5:17
Then the high priest and all his associates, who were members of the party of the Sadducees, were filled with jealousy.

Acts 5:24
On hearing this report, the captain of the temple guard and the chief priests were at a loss, wondering what this might lead to.

Acts 6:12
So they stirred up the people and the elders and the teachers of the law. They seized Stephen and brought him before the Sanhedrin.

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