Acts 4:7
Parallel Verses
New International Version
They had Peter and John brought before them and began to question them: "By what power or what name did you do this?"

King James Bible
And when they had set them in the midst, they asked, By what power, or by what name, have ye done this?

Darby Bible Translation
and having placed them in the midst they inquired, In what power or in what name have *ye* done this?

World English Bible
When they had stood them in the middle of them, they inquired, "By what power, or in what name, have you done this?"

Young's Literal Translation
and having set them in the midst, they were inquiring, 'In what power, or in what name did ye do this?'

Acts 4:7 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

By what power, or by what name, have ye done this? - It seems that this council were convinced that the lame man was miraculously healed; but it is very likely that they believed the whole to be the effect of magic; and, as all intercourse with familiar spirits, and all spells, charms, etc., were unlawful, they probably hoped that, on the examination, this business would come out, and that then these disturbers of their peace would be put to death. Hence they inquired by what power, εν ποιᾳ δυναμει, by what supernatural energy; or in what name, by what mode of incantation; and who is the spirit you invoke, in order to do these things? False prophets, reputed witches, wizards, etc., were to be brought before the sanhedrin, to be by them judged, acquitted, or condemned, according to the evidence. Some think the words should be thus understood: Who gave you authority to teach publicly! This belongs to the sanhedrin. What, therefore, is your authority, and who is he who gave it to you?

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

when.

Acts 5:27 And when they had brought them, they set them before the council: and the high priest asked them,

1 Kings 21:12-14 They proclaimed a fast, and set Naboth on high among the people...

John 8:3,9 And the scribes and Pharisees brought to him a woman taken in adultery; and when they had set her in the middle...

By what power.

Exodus 2:14 And he said, Who made you a prince and a judge over us? intend you to kill me, as you killed the Egyptian? And Moses feared, and said...

Matthew 21:23 And when he was come into the temple, the chief priests and the elders of the people came to him as he was teaching, and said...

Mark 11:28 And say to him, By what authority do you these things? and who gave you this authority to do these things?

John 2:18 Then answered the Jews and said to him, What sign show you to us, seeing that you do these things?

by what name.

Acts 4:10 Be it known to you all, and to all the people of Israel, that by the name of Jesus Christ of Nazareth, whom you crucified...

Acts 5:28,40 Saying, Did not we straightly command you that you should not teach in this name? and, behold...

Library
Courage
Chester Cathedral, 1871. Acts iv. 13, 18-20. "Now when they saw the boldness of Peter and John, and perceived that they were unlearned and ignorant men, they marvelled; and they took knowledge of them, that they had been with Jesus. . . . And they called them, and commanded them not to speak at all nor teach in the name of Jesus. But Peter and John answered and said unto them, Whether it be right in the sight of God to hearken unto you more than unto God, judge ye. For we cannot but speak
Charles Kingsley—All Saints' Day and Other Sermons

Impossible Silence
'We cannot but speak the things which we have seen and heard.' --ACTS iv. 20. The context tells us that the Jewish Council were surprised, as they well might be, at the boldness of Peter and John, and traced it to their having been with Jesus. But do you remember that they were by no means bold when they were with Jesus, and that the bravery came after what, in ordinary circumstances, would have destroyed any of it in a man? A leader's execution is not a usual recipe for heartening his followers,
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture: The Acts

A Manifestation of God in Answer to Prayer
A MANIFESTATION OF GOD IN ANSWER TO PRAYER ". . . When they had prayed, the place was shaken where they were assembled together; and they were all filled with the Holy Ghost, and they spake the word of God with boldness." -- Acts 4:31. This remarkable manifestation of God reveals the effectiveness of prevailing prayer. It vividly discloses the fact that prayer can accomplish much. It is apparent that neither the apostles, nor the assembled company of devout believers were astonished at the marvelous
T. M. Anderson—Prayer Availeth Much

Against the Modern Free-Thinkers.
Sir, THERE arrived in this neighbourhood, two days ago, one of your gay gentlemen of the town, who being attended at his entry with a servant of his own, besides a countryman he had taken up for a guide, excited the curiosity of the village to learn whence and what he might be. The countryman (to whom they applied as most easy of access) knew little more than that the gentleman came from London to travel and see fashions, and was, as he heard say, a Free-thinker; what religion that might be he could
Joseph Addison—The Evidences of the Christian Religion, with Additional Discourses

Cross References
John 8:3
The teachers of the law and the Pharisees brought in a woman caught in adultery. They made her stand before the group

Acts 4:6
Annas the high priest was there, and so were Caiaphas, John, Alexander and others of the high priest's family.

Acts 4:8
Then Peter, filled with the Holy Spirit, said to them: "Rulers and elders of the people!

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