Acts 4:7
New International Version
They had Peter and John brought before them and began to question them: "By what power or what name did you do this?"

New Living Translation
They brought in the two disciples and demanded, “By what power, or in whose name, have you done this?”

English Standard Version
And when they had set them in the midst, they inquired, “By what power or by what name did you do this?”

Berean Study Bible
They had Peter and John brought in and began to question them: “By what power or what name did you do this?”

Berean Literal Bible
And having placed them in the midst, they began to inquire, "In what power or in what name have you done this?"

New American Standard Bible
When they had placed them in the center, they began to inquire, "By what power, or in what name, have you done this?"

King James Bible
And when they had set them in the midst, they asked, By what power, or by what name, have ye done this?

Christian Standard Bible
After they had Peter and John stand before them, they began to question them: "By what power or in what name have you done this?"

Contemporary English Version
They brought in Peter and John and made them stand in the middle while they questioned them. They asked, "By what power and in whose name have you done this?"

Good News Translation
They made the apostles stand before them and asked them, "How did you do this? What power do you have or whose name did you use?"

Holman Christian Standard Bible
After they had Peter and John stand before them, they asked the question: "By what power or in what name have you done this?"

International Standard Version
They made Peter and John stand in front of them and began asking, "By what power or by what name did you do this?"

NET Bible
After making Peter and John stand in their midst, they began to inquire, "By what power or by what name did you do this?"

New Heart English Bible
When they had stood them in the middle of them, they inquired, "By what power, or in what name, have you done this?"

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And when they set them in the midst, they were asking them, “By what power or in what name do you do this?”

GOD'S WORD® Translation
They made Peter and John stand in front of them and then asked, "By what power or in whose name did you do this?"

New American Standard 1977
And when they had placed them in the center, they began to inquire, “By what power, or in what name, have you done this?”

Jubilee Bible 2000
And when they had set them in the midst, they asked, By what power or by what name have ye done this?

King James 2000 Bible
And when they had set them in the midst, they asked, By what power, or by what name, have you done this?

American King James Version
And when they had set them in the middle, they asked, By what power, or by what name, have you done this?

American Standard Version
And when they had set them in the midst, they inquired, By what power, or in what name, have ye done this?

Douay-Rheims Bible
And setting them in the midst, they asked: By what power, or by what name, have you done this?

Darby Bible Translation
and having placed them in the midst they inquired, In what power or in what name have ye done this?

English Revised Version
And when they had set them in the midst, they inquired, By what power, or in what name, have ye done this?

Webster's Bible Translation
And when they had set them in the midst, they asked, By what power, or by what name have ye done this?

Weymouth New Testament
So they made the Apostles stand in the centre, and demanded of them, "By what power or in what name have you done this?"

World English Bible
When they had stood them in the middle of them, they inquired, "By what power, or in what name, have you done this?"

Young's Literal Translation
and having set them in the midst, they were inquiring, 'In what power, or in what name did ye do this?'
Study Bible
Peter and John Before the Council
6along with Annas the high priest, Caiaphas, John, Alexander, and many others from the high priest’s family. 7They had Peter and John brought in and began to question them: “By what power or what name did you do this?” 8Then Peter, filled with the Holy Spirit, said to them, “Rulers and elders of the people!…
Cross References
John 8:3
The scribes and Pharisees, however, brought to Him a woman caught in adultery. They made her stand before them

Acts 4:6
along with Annas the high priest, Caiaphas, John, Alexander, and many others from the high priest's family.

Acts 4:8
Then Peter, filled with the Holy Spirit, said to them, "Rulers and elders of the people!

Treasury of Scripture

And when they had set them in the middle, they asked, By what power, or by what name, have you done this?

when.

Acts 5:27
And when they had brought them, they set them before the council: and the high priest asked them,

1 Kings 21:12-14
They proclaimed a fast, and set Naboth on high among the people…

John 8:3,9
And the scribes and Pharisees brought unto him a woman taken in adultery; and when they had set her in the midst, …

By what power.

Exodus 2:14
And he said, Who made thee a prince and a judge over us? intendest thou to kill me, as thou killedst the Egyptian? And Moses feared, and said, Surely this thing is known.

Matthew 21:23
And when he was come into the temple, the chief priests and the elders of the people came unto him as he was teaching, and said, By what authority doest thou these things? and who gave thee this authority?

Mark 11:28
And say unto him, By what authority doest thou these things? and who gave thee this authority to do these things?

by what name.

Acts 4:10
Be it known unto you all, and to all the people of Israel, that by the name of Jesus Christ of Nazareth, whom ye crucified, whom God raised from the dead, even by him doth this man stand here before you whole.

Acts 5:28,40
Saying, Did not we straitly command you that ye should not teach in this name? and, behold, ye have filled Jerusalem with your doctrine, and intend to bring this man's blood upon us…







Lexicon
They had
στήσαντες (stēsantes)
Verb - Aorist Participle Active - Nominative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 2476: A prolonged form of a primary stao stah'-o; to stand, used in various applications.

[Peter and John]
αὐτοὺς (autous)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Accusative Masculine 3rd Person Plural
Strong's Greek 846: He, she, it, they, them, same. From the particle au; the reflexive pronoun self, used of the third person, and of the other persons.

{brought} in
μέσῳ (mesō)
Adjective - Dative Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 3319: Middle, in the middle, between, in the midst of. From meta; middle (neuter) noun).

[and] began to question them:
ἐπυνθάνοντο (epynthanonto)
Verb - Imperfect Indicative Middle or Passive - 3rd Person Plural
Strong's Greek 4441: To ask, inquire, ascertain by inquiry, understand.

“By
Ἐν (En)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 1722: In, on, among. A primary preposition denoting position, and instrumentality, i.e. A relation of rest; 'in, ' at, on, by, etc.

what
ποίᾳ (poia)
Interrogative / Indefinite Pronoun - Dative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 4169: Of what sort. From the base of pou and hoios; individualizing interrogative what sort of, or which one.

power
δυνάμει (dynamei)
Noun - Dative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 1411: From dunamai; force; specially, miraculous power.

or
(ē)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 2228: Or, than. A primary particle of distinction between two connected terms; disjunctive, or; comparative, than.

what
ποίῳ (poiō)
Interrogative / Indefinite Pronoun - Dative Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 4169: Of what sort. From the base of pou and hoios; individualizing interrogative what sort of, or which one.

name
ὀνόματι (onomati)
Noun - Dative Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 3686: Name, character, fame, reputation. From a presumed derivative of the base of ginosko; a 'name'.

{did} you
ὑμεῖς (hymeis)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Nominative 2nd Person Plural
Strong's Greek 4771: You. The person pronoun of the second person singular; thou.

do
ἐποιήσατε (epoiēsate)
Verb - Aorist Indicative Active - 2nd Person Plural
Strong's Greek 4160: (a) I make, manufacture, construct, (b) I do, act, cause. Apparently a prolonged form of an obsolete primary; to make or do.

this?”
τοῦτο (touto)
Demonstrative Pronoun - Accusative Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 3778: This; he, she, it.
(7) And when they had set them in the midst.--The Sanhedrin sat in a semi-circle, the president being in the middle of the arc, the accused standing in the centre.

They asked.--Literally, were asking. They put the question repeatedly, in many varying forms.

By what power, or by what name, have ye done this?--Literally, By what kind of power, or what kind of name? apparently in a tone of contempt. They admit the fact that the lame man had been made to walk, as too patent to be denied. (Comp. Acts 4:16.) The question implied a suspicion that it was the effect of magic, or, as in the case of our Lord's casting out devils, by the power of Beelzebub (Luke 11:15; John 8:48). There is a touch of scorn in the way in which they speak of the thing itself. They will not as yet call it a "sign," or "wonder," but "have ye done this?"

Verse 7. - Inquired for asked, A.V.; in for by, A.V. In what name; ποίος, what, means exactly, "what kind." The miracle might have been wrought, as it seemed to them, by Beelzebub, or by magic (Luke 15:15, etc.; Acts 13:6; Acts 19:19, etc.), as well as by Divine power and in the Name of God. They asked which it was. In the Greek there is an emphasis upon the "ye," which is placed last, equal to "such as you," unlearned and contemptible men. 4:5-14 Peter being filled with the Holy Ghost, would have all to understand, that the miracle had been wrought by the name, or power, of Jesus of Nazareth, the Messiah, whom they had crucified; and this confirmed their testimony to his resurrection from the dead, which proved him to be the Messiah. These rulers must either be saved by that Jesus whom they had crucified, or they must perish for ever. The name of Jesus is given to men of every age and nation, as that whereby alone believers are saved from the wrath to come. But when covetousness, pride, or any corrupt passion, rules within, men shut their eyes, and close their hearts, in enmity against the light; considering all as ignorant and unlearned, who desire to know nothing in comparison with Christ crucified. And the followers of Christ should act so that all who converse with them, may take knowledge that they have been with Jesus. That makes them holy, heavenly, spiritual, and cheerful, and raises them above this world.
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