Amos 4:1
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Hear this word, you cows of Bashan on Mount Samaria, you women who oppress the poor and crush the needy and say to your husbands, "Bring us some drinks!"

King James Bible
Hear this word, ye kine of Bashan, that are in the mountain of Samaria, which oppress the poor, which crush the needy, which say to their masters, Bring, and let us drink.

Darby Bible Translation
Hear this word, ye kine of Bashan, that are in the mountain of Samaria, that oppress the poor, that crush the needy, that say to their lords, Bring, and let us drink:

World English Bible
Listen to this word, you cows of Bashan, who are on the mountain of Samaria, who oppress the poor, who crush the needy, who tell their husbands, "Bring us drinks!"

Young's Literal Translation
Hear this word, ye kine of Bashan, Who are in the mountain of Samaria, Who are oppressing the poor, Who are bruising the needy, Who are saying to their lords: 'Bring in, and we do drink.'

Amos 4:1 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Hear this word, ye kine of Bashan - Such an address was quite natural from the herdsman of Tekoa. Bashan was famous for the fertility of its soil, and its flocks and herds; and the prophet here represents the iniquitous, opulent, idle, lazy drones, whether men or women, under the idea of fatted bullocks, which were shortly to be led out to the slaughter.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

ye kine. By the kine of Bashan, some understand the proud, luxurious matrons of Israel; but it is probable the prophet speaks catachrestically, and means the wealthy, effeminate, and profligate rulers and nobles of Samaria.

Deuteronomy 32:14,15 Butter of cows, and milk of sheep, with fat of lambs, and rams of the breed of Bashan, and goats, with the fat of kidneys of wheat...

Psalm 22:12 Many bulls have compassed me: strong bulls of Bashan have beset me round.

Jeremiah 50:11,27 Because you were glad, because you rejoiced, O you destroyers of my heritage, because you are grown fat as the heifer at grass...

Ezekiel 39:18 You shall eat the flesh of the mighty, and drink the blood of the princes of the earth, of rams, of lambs, and of goats, of bullocks...

the mountains.

Amos 6:1 Woe to them that are at ease in Zion, and trust in the mountain of Samaria, which are named chief of the nations...

1 Kings 16:24 And he bought the hill Samaria of Shemer for two talents of silver, and built on the hill...

which oppress.

Amos 2:6,7 Thus said the LORD; For three transgressions of Israel, and for four, I will not turn away the punishment thereof...

Amos 3:9,10 Publish in the palaces at Ashdod, and in the palaces in the land of Egypt, and say, Assemble yourselves on the mountains of Samaria...

Amos 5:11 For as much therefore as your treading is on the poor, and you take from him burdens of wheat: you have built houses of hewn stone...

Amos 8:4-6 Hear this, O you that swallow up the needy, even to make the poor of the land to fail...

Exodus 22:21-25 You shall neither vex a stranger, nor oppress him: for you were strangers in the land of Egypt...

Deuteronomy 15:9-11 Beware that there be not a thought in your wicked heart, saying, The seventh year, the year of release, is at hand...

Psalm 12:5 For the oppression of the poor, for the sighing of the needy, now will I arise, said the LORD...

Psalm 140:12 I know that the LORD will maintain the cause of the afflicted, and the right of the poor.

Proverbs 22:22,23 Rob not the poor, because he is poor: neither oppress the afflicted in the gate...

Proverbs 23:10,11 Remove not the old landmark; and enter not into the fields of the fatherless...

Ecclesiastes 4:1 So I returned, and considered all the oppressions that are done under the sun: and behold the tears of such as were oppressed...

Ecclesiastes 5:8 If you see the oppression of the poor, and violent perverting of judgment and justice in a province, marvel not at the matter...

Isaiah 1:17-24 Learn to do well; seek judgment, relieve the oppressed, judge the fatherless, plead for the widow...

Isaiah 5:8 Woe to them that join house to house, that lay field to field, till there be no place...

Isaiah 58:6 Is not this the fast that I have chosen? to loose the bands of wickedness, to undo the heavy burdens, and to let the oppressed go free...

Jeremiah 5:26-29 For among my people are found wicked men: they lay wait, as he that sets snares; they set a trap, they catch men...

Jeremiah 6:6 For thus has the LORD of hosts said, Hew you down trees, and cast a mount against Jerusalem: this is the city to be visited...

Jeremiah 7:6 If you oppress not the stranger, the fatherless, and the widow, and shed not innocent blood in this place...

Ezekiel 22:7,12,27,29 In you have they set light by father and mother: in the middle of you have they dealt by oppression with the stranger...

Micah 2:1-3 Woe to them that devise iniquity, and work evil on their beds! when the morning is light, they practice it...

Micah 3:1-3 And I said, Hear, I pray you, O heads of Jacob, and you princes of the house of Israel; Is it not for you to know judgment...

Zechariah 7:10,11 And oppress not the widow, nor the fatherless, the stranger, nor the poor...

Malachi 3:5 And I will come near to you to judgment; and I will be a swift witness against the sorcerers, and against the adulterers...

James 5:1-6 Go to now, you rich men, weep and howl for your miseries that shall come on you...

crush.

Deuteronomy 28:33 The fruit of your land, and all your labors, shall a nation which you know not eat up...

Job 20:19 Because he has oppressed and has forsaken the poor; because he has violently taken away an house which he built not;

.

Jeremiah 51:34 Nebuchadrezzar the king of Babylon has devoured me, he has crushed me, he has made me an empty vessel...

Bring.

Amos 2:8 And they lay themselves down on clothes laid to pledge by every altar...

Joel 3:3 And they have cast lots for my people; and have given a boy for an harlot, and sold a girl for wine, that they might drink.

Library
Preparation for Advent
Westminster Abbey. November 15, 1874. Amos iv. 12. "Prepare to meet thy God, O Israel." We read to-day, for the first lesson, parts of the prophecy of Amos. They are somewhat difficult, here and there, to understand; but nevertheless Amos is perhaps the grandest of the Hebrew prophets, next to Isaiah. Rough and homely as his words are, there is a strength, a majesty, and a terrible earnestness in them, which it is good to listen to; and specially good now that Advent draws near, and we have
Charles Kingsley—All Saints' Day and Other Sermons

God's Controversy with Man. Rev. Charles Prest.
"Therefore thus will I do unto thee, O Israel; and because I will do this unto thee, prepare to meet thy God, O Israel."--AMOS iv. 12. This chapter refers to the condition of Israel at the time of this prophecy, and to the expostulation and threatened procedure of God concerning the nation. God's people had revolted from Him; they had sunk into idolatry; they had been often reproved, but had hardened their necks, and therefore the Lord, after recapitulating the calamities which had befallen them,
Knowles King—The Wesleyan Methodist Pulpit in Malvern

The World, Created by God, Still Cherished and Protected by Him. Each and all of Its Parts Governed by his Providence.
1. Even the wicked, under the guidance of carnal sense, acknowledge that God is the Creator. The godly acknowledge not this only, but that he is a most wise and powerful governor and preserver of all created objects. In so doing, they lean on the Word of God, some passages from which are produced. 2. Refutation of the Epicureans, who oppose fortune and fortuitous causes to Divine Providence, as taught in Scripture. The sun, a bright manifestation of Divine Providence. 3. Figment of the Sophists as
John Calvin—The Institutes of the Christian Religion

Standing with the People
We have found two simple and axiomatic social principles in the fundamental convictions of Jesus: The sacredness of life and personality, and the spiritual solidarity of men. Now confront a mind mastered by these convictions with the actual conditions of society, with the contempt for life and the denial of social obligation existing, and how will he react? How will he see the duty of the strong, and his own duty? DAILY READINGS First Day: The Social Platform of Jesus And he came to Nazareth, where
Walter Rauschenbusch—The Social Principles of Jesus

Cross References
Deuteronomy 24:14
Do not take advantage of a hired worker who is poor and needy, whether that worker is a fellow Israelite or a foreigner residing in one of your towns.

Psalm 22:12
Many bulls surround me; strong bulls of Bashan encircle me.

Ezekiel 18:12
He oppresses the poor and needy. He commits robbery. He does not return what he took in pledge. He looks to the idols. He does detestable things.

Ezekiel 39:18
You will eat the flesh of mighty men and drink the blood of the princes of the earth as if they were rams and lambs, goats and bulls--all of them fattened animals from Bashan.

Amos 2:8
They lie down beside every altar on garments taken in pledge. In the house of their god they drink wine taken as fines.

Amos 3:9
Proclaim to the fortresses of Ashdod and to the fortresses of Egypt: "Assemble yourselves on the mountains of Samaria; see the great unrest within her and the oppression among her people."

Amos 5:11
You levy a straw tax on the poor and impose a tax on their grain. Therefore, though you have built stone mansions, you will not live in them; though you have planted lush vineyards, you will not drink their wine.

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