Daniel 1:8
Parallel Verses
New International Version
But Daniel resolved not to defile himself with the royal food and wine, and he asked the chief official for permission not to defile himself this way.

King James Bible
But Daniel purposed in his heart that he would not defile himself with the portion of the king's meat, nor with the wine which he drank: therefore he requested of the prince of the eunuchs that he might not defile himself.

Darby Bible Translation
And Daniel purposed in his heart that he would not pollute himself with the king's delicate food, nor with the wine which he drank; and he requested of the prince of the eunuchs that he might not have to pollute himself.

World English Bible
But Daniel purposed in his heart that he would not defile himself with the king's dainties, nor with the wine which he drank: therefore he requested of the prince of the eunuchs that he might not defile himself.

Young's Literal Translation
And Daniel purposeth in his heart that he will not pollute himself with the king's portion of food, and with the wine of his drinking, and he seeketh of the chief of the eunuchs that he may not pollute himself.

Daniel 1:8 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

But Daniel - would not defile himself - I have spoken of this resolution in the introduction. The chief reasons why Daniel would not eat meat from the royal table were probably these three: -

1. Because they ate unclean beasts, which were forbidden by the Jewish law.

2. Because they ate, as did the heathens in general, beasts which had been strangled, or not properly blooded.

3. Because the animals that were eaten were first offered as victims to their gods. It is on this account that Athenaeus calls the beasts which here served up at the tables of the Persian kings, ἱερια, victims, lib. 4 c. 10, p. 145.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

purposed.

Ruth 1:17,18 Where you die, will I die, and there will I be buried: the LORD do so to me, and more also, if ought but death part you and me...

1 Kings 5:5 And, behold, I purpose to build an house to the name of the LORD my God, as the LORD spoke to David my father, saying, Your son...

Psalm 119:106,115 I have sworn, and I will perform it, that I will keep your righteous judgments...

Acts 11:23 Who, when he came, and had seen the grace of God, was glad, and exhorted them all...

1 Corinthians 7:37 Nevertheless he that stands steadfast in his heart, having no necessity, but has power over his own will...

2 Corinthians 9:7 Every man according as he purposes in his heart, so let him give; not grudgingly, or of necessity: for God loves a cheerful giver.

defile. Heathen nations not only ate unclean beasts, which were forbidden by Jewish law, but even the clean animals that were eaten were first offered as victims to their gods, and part of the wine was poured out as a libation on their altars. Hence Athenaeus calls the beasts served up at the tables of the Persian kings, victims. Daniel was therefore resolved not to defile himself with their viands; yet he did not rudely refuse what was intended as a kindness, but mildly and modestly requested the proper officers to indulge him in this respect.

Leviticus 11:45-47 For I am the LORD that brings you up out of the land of Egypt, to be your God: you shall therefore be holy, for I am holy...

Deuteronomy 32:38 Which did eat the fat of their sacrifices, and drank the wine of their drink offerings? let them rise up and help you...

Psalm 106:28 They joined themselves also to Baalpeor, and ate the sacrifices of the dead.

Psalm 141:4 Incline not my heart to any evil thing, to practice wicked works with men that work iniquity: and let me not eat of their dainties.

Ezekiel 4:13,14 And the LORD said, Even thus shall the children of Israel eat their defiled bread among the Gentiles, where I will drive them...

Hosea 9:3,4 They shall not dwell in the LORD's land; but Ephraim shall return to Egypt, and they shall eat unclean things in Assyria...

Acts 10:14-16 But Peter said, Not so, Lord; for I have never eaten any thing that is common or unclean...

Romans 14:15-17 But if your brother be grieved with your meat, now walk you not charitably. Destroy not him with your meat, for whom Christ died...

1 Corinthians 8:7-10 However, there is not in every man that knowledge...

1 Corinthians 10:18-21,28-31 Behold Israel after the flesh: are not they which eat of the sacrifices partakers of the altar...

Library
Youthful Confessors
'But Daniel purposed in his heart that he would not defile himself with the portion of the king's meat, nor with the wine which he drank; therefore he requested of the prince of the eunuchs that he might not defile himself. 9. Now God had brought Daniel into favour and tender love with the prince of the eunuchs. 10. And the prince of the eunuchs said unto Daniel, I fear my lord the king, who hath appointed your meat and your drink; for why should he see your faces worse liking than the children which
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

In the Lions' Den
[This chapter is based on Daniel 6.] When Darius the Median took the throne formerly occupied by the Babylonian rulers, he at once proceeded to reorganize the government. He "set over the kingdom an hundred and twenty princes; . . . and over these three presidents; of whom Daniel was first: that the princes might give accounts unto them, and the king should have no damage. Then this Daniel was preferred above the presidents and princes, because an excellent spirit was in him; and the king thought
Ellen Gould White—The Story of Prophets and Kings

Cross References
Acts 10:14
"Surely not, Lord!" Peter replied. "I have never eaten anything impure or unclean."

Acts 15:20
Instead we should write to them, telling them to abstain from food polluted by idols, from sexual immorality, from the meat of strangled animals and from blood.

Leviticus 11:47
You must distinguish between the unclean and the clean, between living creatures that may be eaten and those that may not be eaten.'"

Deuteronomy 32:38
the gods who ate the fat of their sacrifices and drank the wine of their drink offerings? Let them rise up to help you! Let them give you shelter!

Psalm 141:4
Do not let my heart be drawn to what is evil so that I take part in wicked deeds along with those who are evildoers; do not let me eat their delicacies.

Proverbs 23:3
Do not crave his delicacies, for that food is deceptive.

Ezekiel 4:13
The LORD said, "In this way the people of Israel will eat defiled food among the nations where I will drive them."

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Allow Captain Chief Choice Commander Dainties Daniel Decision Defile Delicate Drank Drinking Eunuchs Food Heart King's Meat Mind Officers Official Officials Permission Pollute Portion Prince Purposed Purposeth Request Requested Resolved Rich Royal Seeketh Servants Sought Unsexed Way Wine
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Allow Captain Chief Choice Commander Dainties Daniel Decision Defile Delicate Drank Drinking Eunuchs Food Heart King's Meat Mind Officers Official Officials Permission Pollute Portion Prince Purposed Purposeth Request Requested Resolved Rich Royal Seeketh Servants Sought Unsexed Way Wine
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