Deuteronomy 20:13
Parallel Verses
New International Version
When the LORD your God delivers it into your hand, put to the sword all the men in it.

King James Bible
And when the LORD thy God hath delivered it into thine hands, thou shalt smite every male thereof with the edge of the sword:

Darby Bible Translation
and when Jehovah thy God delivereth it into thy hand, thou shalt smite every male thereof with the edge of the sword:

World English Bible
and when Yahweh your God delivers it into your hand, you shall strike every male of it with the edge of the sword:

Young's Literal Translation
and Jehovah thy God hath given it into thy hand, and thou hast smitten every male of it by the mouth of the sword.

Deuteronomy 20:13 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Proclaim peace unto it - Interpreters are greatly divided concerning the objects of this law. The text, taken in connection with the context, (see Deuteronomy 20:15-18), appears to state that this proclamation or offer of peace to a city is only to be understood of those cities which were situated beyond the limits of the seven anathematized nations, because these latter are commanded to be totally destroyed. Nothing can be clearer than this from the bare letter of the text, unless some of the words, taken separately, can be shown to have a different meaning. For the common interpretation, the following reasons are given.

God, who knows all things, saw that they were incurable in their idolatry; that the cup of their iniquity was full; and as their Creator, Sovereign, and Judge, he determined to destroy them from off the face of the earth, "lest they should teach the Israelites to do after all their abominations," Deuteronomy 20:18. After all, many plausible arguments have been brought to prove that even these seven Canaanitish nations might be received into mercy, provided they,

1. Renounced their idolatry;

2. Became subject to the Jews; and,

3. Paid annual tribute: and that it was only in case these terms were rejected, that they were not to leave alive in such a city any thing that breathed, Deuteronomy 20:16.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

thou shalt smite

Numbers 31:7-9,17,18 And they warred against the Midianites, as the LORD commanded Moses; and they slew all the males...

1 Kings 11:15,16 For it came to pass, when David was in Edom, and Joab the captain of the host was gone up to bury the slain...

Psalm 2:6-12 Yet have I set my king on my holy hill of Zion...

Psalm 21:8,9 Your hand shall find out all your enemies: your right hand shall find out those that hate you...

Psalm 110:1 The LORD said to my Lord, Sit you at my right hand, until I make your enemies your footstool.

Luke 19:27 But those my enemies, which would not that I should reign over them, bring here, and slay them before me.

2 Thessalonians 1:7-9 And to you who are troubled rest with us, when the Lord Jesus shall be revealed from heaven with his mighty angels...

Library
'Fit, Though Few'
'Then Jerubbaal, who is Gideon, and all the people that were with him, rose up early, and pitched beside the well of Harod: so that the host of the Midianites were on the north side of them, by the hill of Moreh, in the valley. 2. And the Lord said unto Gideon, The people that are with thee are too many for Me to give the Midianites into their hands, lest Israel vaunt themselves against Me, saying, Mine own hand hath saved me. 3. Now therefore go to, proclaim in the ears of the people, saying, Whosoever
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

Deuteronomy
Owing to the comparatively loose nature of the connection between consecutive passages in the legislative section, it is difficult to present an adequate summary of the book of Deuteronomy. In the first section, i.-iv. 40, Moses, after reviewing the recent history of the people, and showing how it reveals Jehovah's love for Israel, earnestly urges upon them the duty of keeping His laws, reminding them of His spirituality and absoluteness. Then follows the appointment, iv. 41-43--here irrelevant (cf.
John Edgar McFadyen—Introduction to the Old Testament

Cross References
Numbers 31:7
They fought against Midian, as the LORD commanded Moses, and killed every man.

Deuteronomy 20:12
If they refuse to make peace and they engage you in battle, lay siege to that city.

1 Kings 11:15
Earlier when David was fighting with Edom, Joab the commander of the army, who had gone up to bury the dead, had struck down all the men in Edom.

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