New International Version
If they refuse to make peace and they engage you in battle, lay siege to that city.
King James Bible
And if it will make no peace with thee, but will make war against thee, then thou shalt besiege it:
Darby Bible Translation
And if it will not make peace with thee, but will make war with thee, then thou shalt besiege it;
World English Bible
If it will make no peace with you, but will make war against you, then you shall besiege it:
Young's Literal Translation
'And if it doth not make peace with thee, and hath made with thee war, then thou hast laid siege against it,
Deuteronomy 20:12 Parallel
CommentaryClarke's Commentary on the Bible
Proclaim peace unto it - Interpreters are greatly divided concerning the objects of this law. The text, taken in connection with the context, (see Deuteronomy 20:15-18), appears to state that this proclamation or offer of peace to a city is only to be understood of those cities which were situated beyond the limits of the seven anathematized nations, because these latter are commanded to be totally destroyed. Nothing can be clearer than this from the bare letter of the text, unless some of the words, taken separately, can be shown to have a different meaning. For the common interpretation, the following reasons are given.
God, who knows all things, saw that they were incurable in their idolatry; that the cup of their iniquity was full; and as their Creator, Sovereign, and Judge, he determined to destroy them from off the face of the earth, "lest they should teach the Israelites to do after all their abominations," Deuteronomy 20:18. After all, many plausible arguments have been brought to prove that even these seven Canaanitish nations might be received into mercy, provided they,
1. Renounced their idolatry;
2. Became subject to the Jews; and,
3. Paid annual tribute: and that it was only in case these terms were rejected, that they were not to leave alive in such a city any thing that breathed, Deuteronomy 20:16.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Library'Fit, Though Few'
'Then Jerubbaal, who is Gideon, and all the people that were with him, rose up early, and pitched beside the well of Harod: so that the host of the Midianites were on the north side of them, by the hill of Moreh, in the valley. 2. And the Lord said unto Gideon, The people that are with thee are too many for Me to give the Midianites into their hands, lest Israel vaunt themselves against Me, saying, Mine own hand hath saved me. 3. Now therefore go to, proclaim in the ears of the people, saying, Whosoever …
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture
If they accept and open their gates, all the people in it shall be subject to forced labor and shall work for you.
When the LORD your God delivers it into your hand, put to the sword all the men in it.
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