Deuteronomy 23:15
Parallel Verses
New International Version
If a slave has taken refuge with you, do not hand them over to their master.

King James Bible
Thou shalt not deliver unto his master the servant which is escaped from his master unto thee:

Darby Bible Translation
Thou shalt not hand over to his master a bondman that hath escaped from his master unto thee:

World English Bible
You shall not deliver to his master a servant who is escaped from his master to you:

Young's Literal Translation
'Thou dost not shut up a servant unto his lord, who is delivered unto thee from his lord;

Deuteronomy 23:15 Parallel
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Thou shalt not deliver - the servant which is escaped - unto thee - That is, a servant who left an idolatrous master that he might join himself to God and to his people. In any other case, it would have been injustice to have harboured the runaway.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

We cannot suppose that this law required the Israelites to entertain slaves who had robbed their masters, or left their service without cause; but such only as were cruelly treated, and fled to them for protection, especially from the neighbouring nations. To such they were commanded to afford shelter, and shew great kindness.

1 Samuel 30:15 And David said to him, Can you bring me down to this company? And he said, Swear to me by God, that you will neither kill me...

Obadiah 1:14 Neither should you have stood in the crossway, to cut off those of his that did escape...

Appendix v. Rabbinic Theology and Literature
1. The Traditional Law. - The brief account given in vol. i. p. 100, of the character and authority claimed for the traditional law may here be supplemented by a chronological arrangement of the Halakhoth in the order of their supposed introduction or promulgation. In the first class, or Halakhoth of Moses from Sinai,' tradition enumerates fifty-five, [6370] which may be thus designated: religio-agrarian, four; [6371] ritual, including questions about clean and unclean,' twenty-three; [6372] concerning
Alfred Edersheim—The Life and Times of Jesus the Messiah

[This chapter is based on Nehemiah 13.] Solemnly and publicly the people of Judah had pledged themselves to obey the law of God. But when the influence of Ezra and Nehemiah was for a time withdrawn, there were many who departed from the Lord. Nehemiah had returned to Persia. During his absence from Jerusalem, evils crept in that threatened to pervert the nation. Idolaters not only gained a foothold in the city, but contaminated by their presence the very precincts of the temple. Through intermarriage,
Ellen Gould White—The Story of Prophets and Kings

Brief Directions How to Read the Holy Scriptures once Every Year Over, with Ease, Profit, and Reverence.
But forasmuch, that as faith is the soul, so reading and meditating on the word of God, are the parent's of prayer, therefore, before thou prayest in the morning, first read a chapter in the word of God; then meditate awhile with thyself, how many excellent things thou canst remember out of it. As--First, what good counsels or exhortations to good works and to holy life. Secondly, what threatenings of judgments against such and such a sin; and what fearful examples of God's punishment or vengeance
Lewis Bayly—The Practice of Piety

The remarkable change which we have noticed in the views of Jewish authorities, from contempt to almost affectation of manual labour, could certainly not have been arbitrary. But as we fail to discover here any religious motive, we can only account for it on the score of altered political and social circumstances. So long as the people were, at least nominally, independent, and in possession of their own land, constant engagement in a trade would probably mark an inferior social stage, and imply
Alfred Edersheim—Sketches of Jewish Social Life

Cross References
1 Samuel 30:15
David asked him, "Can you lead me down to this raiding party?" He answered, "Swear to me before God that you will not kill me or hand me over to my master, and I will take you down to them."

Deuteronomy 23:16
Let them live among you wherever they like and in whatever town they choose. Do not oppress them.

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