Ephesians 4:31
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Get rid of all bitterness, rage and anger, brawling and slander, along with every form of malice.

King James Bible
Let all bitterness, and wrath, and anger, and clamour, and evil speaking, be put away from you, with all malice:

Darby Bible Translation
Let all bitterness, and heat of passion, and wrath, and clamour, and injurious language, be removed from you, with all malice;

World English Bible
Let all bitterness, wrath, anger, outcry, and slander, be put away from you, with all malice.

Young's Literal Translation
Let all bitterness, and wrath, and anger, and clamour, and evil-speaking, be put away from you, with all malice,

Ephesians 4:31 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Let all bitterness - Πασα πικρια. It is astonishing that any who profess the Christian name should indulge bitterness of spirit. Those who are censorious, who are unmerciful to the failings of others, who have fixed a certain standard by which they measure all persons in all circumstances, and unchristian every one that does not come up to this standard, these have the bitterness against which the apostle speaks. In the last century there was a compound medicine, made up from a variety of drastic acrid drugs and ardent spirits, which was called Hiera Picra, ἱερα πικρα, the holy bitter; this medicine was administered in a multitude of cases, where it did immense evil, and perhaps in scarcely any case did it do good. It has ever appeared to me to furnish a proper epithet for the disposition mentioned above, the holy bitter; for the religiously censorious act under the pretense of superior sanctity. I have known such persons do much evil in a Christian society, but never knew an instance of their doing any good.

And wrath - Θυμος is more properly anger, which may be considered the commencement of the passion.

Anger - Οργν is more properly wrath - the passion carried to its highest pitch, accompanied with injurious words and outrageous acts, some of which are immediately specified.

And clamor - Κραυγη Loud and obstreperous speaking, brawling, railing, boisterous talk, often the offspring of wrath; all of which are highly unbecoming the meek, loving, quiet, sedate mind of Christ and his followers.

And evil speaking - Βλασφημια· Blasphemy; that is, injurious speaking - words which tend to hurt those of whom or against whom they are spoken.

With all malice - Κακια· All malignity; as anger produces wrath, and wrath clamor, so all together produce malice; that is, settled, sullen, fell wrath, which is always looking out for opportunities to revenge itself by the destruction of the object of its indignation. No state of society can be even tolerable where these prevail; and, if eternity were out of the question, it is of the utmost consequence to have these banished from time.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

bitterness.

Psalm 64:3 Who whet their tongue like a sword, and bend their bows to shoot their arrows, even bitter words:

Romans 3:14 Whose mouth is full of cursing and bitterness:

Colossians 3:8,19 But now you also put off all these; anger, wrath, malice, blasphemy, filthy communication out of your mouth...

James 3:14,15 But if you have bitter envying and strife in your hearts, glory not, and lie not against the truth...

wrath.

Ephesians 4:26 Be you angry, and sin not: let not the sun go down on your wrath:

Proverbs 14:17 He that is soon angry deals foolishly: and a man of wicked devices is hated.

Proverbs 19:12 The king's wrath is as the roaring of a lion; but his favor is as dew on the grass.

Ecclesiastes 7:9 Be not hasty in your spirit to be angry: for anger rests in the bosom of fools.

2 Corinthians 12:20 For I fear, lest, when I come, I shall not find you such as I would, and that I shall be found to you such as you would not...

Galatians 5:20 Idolatry, witchcraft, hatred, variance, jealousies, wrath, strife, seditions, heresies,

Colossians 3:8 But now you also put off all these; anger, wrath, malice, blasphemy, filthy communication out of your mouth.

2 Timothy 2:23 But foolish and unlearned questions avoid, knowing that they do engender strifes.

Titus 1:7 For a bishop must be blameless, as the steward of God; not self-willed, not soon angry, not given to wine, no striker...

James 1:19 Why, my beloved brothers, let every man be swift to hear, slow to speak, slow to wrath:

James 3:14-18 But if you have bitter envying and strife in your hearts, glory not, and lie not against the truth...

James 4:1,2 From where come wars and fights among you? come they not hence, even of your lusts that war in your members...

clamour.

2 Samuel 19:43 And the men of Israel answered the men of Judah, and said, We have ten parts in the king, and we have also more right in David than you...

2 Samuel 20:1,2 And there happened to be there a man of Belial, whose name was Sheba, the son of Bichri, a Benjamite: and he blew a trumpet, and said...

Proverbs 29:9,22 If a wise man contends with a foolish man, whether he rage or laugh, there is no rest...

Acts 19:28,29 And when they heard these sayings, they were full of wrath, and cried out, saying, Great is Diana of the Ephesians...

Acts 21:30 And all the city was moved, and the people ran together: and they took Paul, and drew him out of the temple...

Acts 22:22,23 And they gave him audience to this word, and then lifted up their voices, and said, Away with such a fellow from the earth...

1 Timothy 3:3 Not given to wine, no striker, not greedy of filthy lucre; but patient, not a brawler, not covetous;

1 Timothy 6:4,5 He is proud, knowing nothing, but doting about questions and strifes of words, whereof comes envy, strife, railings, evil surmisings...

evil speaking.

Leviticus 19:16 You shall not go up and down as a talebearer among your people: neither shall you stand against the blood of your neighbor...

2 Samuel 19:27 And he has slandered your servant to my lord the king; but my lord the king is as an angel of God...

Psalm 15:3 He that backbites not with his tongue, nor does evil to his neighbor, nor takes up a reproach against his neighbor.

Psalm 50:20 You sit and speak against your brother; you slander your own mother's son.

Psalm 101:5 Whoever privately slanders his neighbor, him will I cut off: him that has an high look and a proud heart will not I suffer.

Psalm 140:11 Let not an evil speaker be established in the earth: evil shall hunt the violent man to overthrow him.

Proverbs 6:19 A false witness that speaks lies, and he that sows discord among brothers.

Proverbs 10:18 He that hides hatred with lying lips, and he that utters a slander, is a fool.

Proverbs 18:8 The words of a talebearer are as wounds, and they go down into the innermost parts of the belly.

Proverbs 25:23 The north wind drives away rain: so does an angry countenance a backbiting tongue.

Proverbs 26:20 Where no wood is, there the fire goes out: so where there is no talebearer, the strife ceases.

Jeremiah 6:28 They are all grievous rebels, walking with slanders: they are brass and iron; they are all corrupters.

Jeremiah 9:4 Take you heed every one of his neighbor, and trust you not in any brother: for every brother will utterly supplant...

Romans 1:29,30 Being filled with all unrighteousness, fornication, wickedness, covetousness, maliciousness; full of envy, murder...

1 Timothy 3:11 Even so must their wives be grave, not slanderers, sober, faithful in all things.

1 Timothy 5:13 And with they learn to be idle, wandering about from house to house; and not only idle, but tattlers also and busybodies...

2 Timothy 3:3 Without natural affection, truce breakers, false accusers, incontinent, fierce, despisers of those that are good,

Titus 2:3 The aged women likewise, that they be in behavior as becomes holiness, not false accusers, not given to much wine...

Titus 3:2 To speak evil of no man, to be no brawlers, but gentle, showing all meekness to all men.

James 4:11 Speak not evil one of another, brothers. He that speaks evil of his brother, and judges his brother, speaks evil of the law...

1 Peter 2:1 Why laying aside all malice, and all guile, and hypocrisies, and envies, all evil speakings,

2 Peter 2:10,11 But chiefly them that walk after the flesh in the lust of uncleanness, and despise government. Presumptuous are they, self-willed...

Jude 1:8-10 Likewise also these filthy dreamers defile the flesh, despise dominion, and speak evil of dignities...

Revelation 12:10 And I heard a loud voice saying in heaven, Now is come salvation, and strength, and the kingdom of our God, and the power of his Christ...

with.

Genesis 4:8 And Cain talked with Abel his brother: and it came to pass, when they were in the field, that Cain rose up against Abel his brother...

Genesis 27:41 And Esau hated Jacob because of the blessing with which his father blessed him: and Esau said in his heart...

Genesis 37:4,21 And when his brothers saw that their father loved him more than all his brothers, they hated him, and could not speak peaceably to him...

Leviticus 19:17,18 You shall not hate your brother in your heart: you shall in any wise rebuke your neighbor, and not suffer sin on him...

2 Samuel 13:22 And Absalom spoke to his brother Amnon neither good nor bad: for Absalom hated Amnon, because he had forced his sister Tamar.

Proverbs 10:12 Hatred stirs up strifes: but love covers all sins.

Proverbs 26:24,25 He that hates dissembles with his lips, and lays up deceit within him...

Ecclesiastes 7:9 Be not hasty in your spirit to be angry: for anger rests in the bosom of fools.

Romans 1:29 Being filled with all unrighteousness, fornication, wickedness, covetousness, maliciousness; full of envy, murder...

1 Corinthians 5:8 Therefore let us keep the feast, not with old leaven, neither with the leaven of malice and wickedness...

1 Corinthians 14:20 Brothers, be not children in understanding: however, in malice be you children, but in understanding be men.

Colossians 3:8 But now you also put off all these; anger, wrath, malice, blasphemy, filthy communication out of your mouth.

Titus 3:3 For we ourselves also were sometimes foolish, disobedient, deceived, serving divers lusts and pleasures, living in malice and envy...

1 John 3:12,15 Not as Cain, who was of that wicked one, and slew his brother. And why slew he him? Because his own works were evil...

Library
January 14. "Unto the Measure of the Stature of the Fulness of Christ" (Eph. Iv. 13).
"Unto the measure of the stature of the fulness of Christ" (Eph. iv. 13). God loves us so well that He will not suffer us to take less than His highest will. Some day we shall bless our faithful teacher, who kept the standard inflexibly rigid, and then gave us the strength and grace to reach it, and would not excuse us until we had accomplished all His glorious will. Let us be inexorable with ourselves. Let us mean exactly what God means, and have no discounts upon His promises or commandments. Let
Rev. A. B. Simpson—Days of Heaven Upon Earth

The End of Religion
EPHESIANS iv. 23, 24. Be renewed in the spirit of your mind; and put ye on the new man, which after God is created in righteousness and true holiness. This text is exceedingly valuable to us for it tells us the end and aim of all religion. It tells us why we are to pray, whether at home or in church; why we are to read our Bibles and good books; why we are to be what is commonly called religious. It tells us, I say, the end and aim of all religion; namely, that we may put on 'the new man, which
Charles Kingsley—Discipline and Other Sermons

Grieving the Spirit
'Grieve not the Holy Spirit of God, whereby ye are sealed unto the day of redemption.'--Eph. iv. 30. The miracle of Christianity is the Incarnation. It is not a link in a chain, but a new beginning, the entrance into the cosmic order of a Divine Power. The sequel of Bethlehem and Calvary and Olivet is the upper room and the Pentecost. There is the issue of the whole mission and work of Christ--the planting in the heart of humanity of a new and divine life. All Christendom is professing to commemorate
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture Ephesians, Peter,John

The Threefold Unity
'One Lord, one faith, one baptism.'--Eph. iv. 5. The thought of the unity of the Church is very prominent in this epistle. It is difficult for us, amidst our present divisions, to realise how strange and wonderful it then was that a bond should have been found which drew together men of all nations, ranks, and characters. Pharisee and philosopher, high-born women and slaves, Roman patricians and gladiators, Asiatic Greeks and Syrian Jews forgot their feuds and sat together as one in Christ. It is
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture Ephesians, Peter,John

Cross References
Psalm 37:8
Refrain from anger and turn from wrath; do not fret--it leads only to evil.

Romans 3:14
"Their mouths are full of cursing and bitterness."

Ephesians 4:22
You were taught, with regard to your former way of life, to put off your old self, which is being corrupted by its deceitful desires;

Ephesians 4:25
Therefore each of you must put off falsehood and speak truthfully to your neighbor, for we are all members of one body.

Colossians 3:8
But now you must also rid yourselves of all such things as these: anger, rage, malice, slander, and filthy language from your lips.

Colossians 3:19
Husbands, love your wives and do not be harsh with them.

1 Peter 2:1
Therefore, rid yourselves of all malice and all deceit, hypocrisy, envy, and slander of every kind.

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